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August 26, 1977 - Image 16

Resource type:
Text
Publication:
The Detroit Jewish News, 1977-08-26

Disclaimer: Computer generated plain text may have errors. Read more about this.

16 Friday, August 26, 1977

THE DETROIT JEWISH NEWS

Brandeis Receives $1 Million
From a 'Penniless' Immigrant

The Finest In
Musical Entertainment

ERIC
ROSENOW

WALTHAM, Mass.—Dr.
Lazslo N. Tauber. neurosur-
geon at Jefferson Memorial
Hospital in Alexandria,
Va.—who arrived in Amer-
ica penniless in 1946—has
endowed Brandeis Univer-

AND HIS

CONTINENTALS

398-3664

44,







Multi Color Lighting
Strobes
Chase
Mirrored Balls
400 Watts of equalized sound

"Portable Yet Professional"
and references to prove it

Back to School Party Rates

Dan Sandberg 353-6699

POOL
THE FINEST
BUILDER
AND LARGEST
IN THE MIDWEST

sity with $1 million.
The funds will establish
two professorships in the
basic sciences, with alloca-
tions of $400,000 each, as
well as a fellowship fund.
Prof. William Jencks has
been named to the Gyula
and Katica Tauber Chair in
Biochemistry and Molecu-
lar Pharmacodynamics and
Prof. Robert Abeles to the
Aron and Imre Tauber
Chair in Biochemistry and
Molecular Pharmacology.
Dr: Tauber was aided in
settling in the U.S. after
World War II by Dr. Abram
L. Sachar, later the first
president of Brandeis.

During a conversation
with Dr. Albert Einstein,
Dr. Sachar was asked what
could be done for the rem-
nants of the Jewish scien-
tific community in Europe.
Through contacts with aca-
demic colleagues through-
out the U.S. lists were
drawn up.

Tauber, a well-known
Budapest neurosurgeon,
was one of the more than
140 selected for college
posts in the U.S.
Sachar and Tauber never
met until 30 years later
when Dr. Tauber wrote that
he wanted to make a
"token" acknowledgement
of. the debt he felt he owed
Sachar and the U.S. He
amassed his fortune in med-
icine and investments.

S. America Gets
Judaic Program

The ultimate in quality custom built gunite
or vinyliner swimming pools. Visit our in-
door display and retail supply store on
Northwestern Highway.

lam blue water

33060 Northwestern Hwy.
West Bloomfield. Michigan
626-5131

24470 Telegraph Rd.
Southfield. Michigan
358-0012

64900 Van Dyke
Romeo. Michigan
752-6333

NEW YORK—Panama
City. Panama. with an ap-
proximate Jewish popu-
lation of 1.500. and Caracas.
Venezuela. with approx-
imately 9.000 Jews. are cur-
rently hosting the SEED
(Summer Educational Envi-
ronmental Development)
program of Torah Umeso-
rah - the National Society
for Hebrew Days Schools.
for the second year run-
ning.
The program dispatches
groups of rabbinical stu-
dents to communities to con-
duct classes in Judaism on
a cost-free basis.
SEED groups are -also
currently operating in parts
of the U.S. and Canada.

BEAT THE HEAT
WITH A NEW
AIR CONDITIONED
ART MORAN PONTIAC
SUMMER
SAVING
YOU CAN ORDER YOUR
TIME NEW 78 NOWI BEAT THE RUSH AL STEINBERG

-

inf/L.

29300 TELEGRAPH

*JUST NORTH OF TEL TWELVE MALL

Herzl's El-Arish Plan Recalled

By HAIM SHACHTER

From the World •
Zionist Organization

JERUSALEM—Shortly
after the Six-Day War. the
project of Jewish settle-
ment in the Rafah 'region
south of the former inter-
national frontier was in-
itiated. The establishment
in 1969. of the Nahal outpost
of Diklah.. 12 kilometers
south of Rafah. was the
first step in this direction
The zone north of the
Arab village of Sheikh Zu-
weid and extending over an
area of scores of thousands
of dunams. has sub-
sequently come to be
known as "Pitchat Raf-
fiah. - It includes the rapid-
ly developing coastal town
of Yamit.
Did those responsible for
the planning of this new set-
tlement zone ever pay any
attention to the role that
this region played in the his-
tory of .Jewish settlement ef-.
forts in. the past? As far
back as the beginning of
the present century efforts
were exerted- by various
.Jewish factors in order to
acquire extensive tracts of
land in this region for Jew-
ish settlement. Exploratory
expeditions were sent out
there. negotiations for land
acquisition were conducted
and detailed economic, and
budgetary plans were
drawn up. These efforts.
however. were always
thwarted by extraneous fac-
tors and political consid-
erations.
In 1902. Dr. Theodor
Herzl caused a furor \in the
Jewish world with his El-
Arish Plan. Following the
Jewish persecution in Czar-
ist Russia. scores of thou-
sands of Jews emigrated
from that country at the
turn of the century to the

United States. Argentina.

Britain and Palestine. In
the last decade of the 19th
Century.. 25A00 .Jews ar-
rived in Great Britain and
that fact aroused great pub-
liC opposition to ,Jewish im-
migration.
Voices were heard from
many directions calling for
a limitation on entrance per-
mits to foreigners. As a re-
sult the British government
set up a royal commission
to consider the problem of
.Jewish immigration from
Eastern Europe. Lord
Rothschild was the Jewish
representative on that com-
mission.
When Dr. 'Herzl learned
of the composition of that in-
quiry commission. he de-
cided to ask that the com-
mission propose diverting
.Jewish immigrants to El-
Arish and to the Sinai penin-
sula and to found a .Jewish
colony there as well as in
Cyprus. where thousands of
Jews could be settled.
By that time Herzl had
begun to despair of the pos-
sibility of the recently
founded Zionist organiza-
tion arriving at some agree-
ment with the Turkish sul-
tan on .Jewish settlement in
Palestine. He regarded the
special commission on .Iew-
ish migration from Eastern
Europe as a medium for di-
verting as many Jews as

possible to settlement in a
territory close to Palestine.
Ile had in Mind the estab-
lishment of an independent
Jewish colony in Sinai and
the founding of isolated Jew-
ish settlements in unsettled
areas in aprus.
On July 5. 1902. Heril sub-
mitted his plan to Lord
Rothschild. the Jewish
member of the commission.
His proposal was that the
British government grant a
charter for Jewish. settle-
ment around the townlet of
El-Arish in the northern
part of the Sinai peninsula.
The British government
had its doubts as to the pos-_
sibility of raising the finan-
cial means for the scheme.
Herzl. however asked to he
invited to appear before the
full composition of the c om-
mission. which he did on
July 10. and on July 14 pre-
sented Lord Rothschild with
a memorandum in which he
set out a proposal for the
floating- of a .Jewish com-
pany to finance .Jewish set-
tlement in El-Arish and
other areas of Sinai.
Herzl stressed that such
settlement would have to he
based on sound economic
foundations. and that it
'would not only attract
world Jewry to Palestine
' but also bring great benefit
to Britain.
In December 1902. the
British Foreign Office an-
nounced that although the
establishment of a JewKh
colony in El-Arish was fea-
sible. there would have to
he a thorough scientific in-
vestigation of the area. in
order to see whether it was
at all possible for European
settlers to live in that part
of the world.-
The famous El-Arish Com-
mission was set up, headed
by Leopold Wexler. a Jew-
ish and Zionistically -minded
geologist from South Af-
rica. Among its members
were Dr. Hillel Yoffe. a
.Jewish physician -living in
Eretz Israel. and Dr, Zelig
Soskin, the agronomist.
Oscar Mamorek was secre-
tary of the delegation.
On Feb. 5. 1903. the com-
mission was received in
Cairo by Lord Cromer. Brit-
ish high commissioner in
Egypt. The Egyptian Kha-
div. Alias Hilme Pasha.
who enjoyed the right to
veto the granting of the
charter. agreed to issuing a
letter signifying agreement
to the founding of a JeWish
colony somewhere in the
Sinai peninsula. This letter
was issued on-Feb. 18. 1903.
over the signature of the
Egyptian prime minister,
and stated that if a settle-
ment company subject to
Egyptian law should be es-
tablished,
the Egyptian goy-
,
ernment would be prepared
to place • at its disposal a
tract of land in the Sinai

-

Turkish government had in-
tervened because it did not
regard .Jewish settlement
so close to Palestine with
favor. The reason given for
Egypt 's refusal to grant the
charter was that the in-
quiry commission had
found that in order to con-
solidate the colony at El-
Arish. it would be neces-
S;11-V to bring water from a
great distance. since the
local resources proved Fri-
sufficient. The Egyptian
governthent refused to sanc-
tion the supply of the quan-
tities of water required
while bringing water fro
the Nile. which was techn.
cally possible. would inter-
fere with shipping in the
Suez Canal.
- On May 11, 1903. follow-
ing 10 months' consid-
eration. the Egyptian gov-
ernment finally announced
that it. could not approve
the proposals for the found-
ing of a colony of Eu-
ropeans in Sinai. It was
then that Joseph Chamber-
lain. British minister for
the colonies. came out with
the Uganda plan. which
was due to create dis-
sention in the Zionist camp.
The Jewish settlement
plan in the Northern Sinai
region. which was mooted
75 years ago. is currently
being implemented through
the development of the area
known as Pitchat Raffiah.
along the Gaza Strip and
the northern outskirts of
the Sinai peninsula.

.

Ehrlich to Speak
at Bond Meeting

Israel's new minister of fi-
nance, Simha Ehrlich, will
report on the economic poli-
cies of the
new govern-
ment to the
International
Israel Bond
Fall Lead-
ership Con-
ference to be
held in At-
Ehrlich
lanta Sept. 9-
11.
The
conference
will
launch the fall campaign in
the worldwide sale of 'State
of Israel Bonds. Sam Roth-
berg, general chairman of
the organization; said that
more than 1,000 Jewish lead-
ers from all sections of the
United States and Canada
would take part in the
three-day sessions at the
Hyatt Regency Hotel in At-
lanta.
The Atlanta parley will
deal with matters consid-
ered in Jerusalem earlier
this month when top of
cers of Israel Bonds
ferred with Prime Ministe
Menahem Begin and lead-
ing members of his Cabinet
regarding Israel's need hr
a greater measure of aid to
improve its economic situa-
tion.

peninsula.

Holiday Suggestion

Herzl was not satisfied
with the terms of the letter
and so earls' in March set
out for Cairo. where he was
received by Lord Cromer
and Butrus Ali. the Egyp-
tian prime minister. The
talks. however. did not bear
fruit.
It is believed th'at the

Manischewitz makes
Rosh Hashana a festive
meal with old fashioned ge-
filte fish: fresh chopped.
fresh cooked. only the fin-
est - of fish and flavorings.
Serve with crispy Manis-
chel.vitz matzot and Manis-
chewitz beet borscht.

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