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August 26, 1977 - Image 1

Resource type:
Text
Publication:
The Detroit Jewish News, 1977-08-26

Disclaimer: Computer generated plain text may have errors. Read more about this.

Alpena's Jewish Community Celebrates Centennial

Story on Page fi

More About London
Times Distortion

'Invitation' to Jews
to Return to Arab
Lands Among
the Biggest Fakes

THE JEWIS NEWS

A Weekly Review

Commentary, Page 2

VOL. LXXI, No. 25

The Puzzles
of the Middle East

Refuting a Libel:
Mattter of Conscience

Go to Good Fence,
Mr. President

f Jewish Events

17515 W. Nine Mile, Suite 865, Southfield, Mich. 48075 424 8833

-

Editorials, Page 4

$10.00 Per Year; This Issue 30 4

August 26. 1977

Low-Key U.S. Tone on West Bank
Forerunner of PLO Recognition?

Absence from Nigeria Meeting
Won't Halt WJC Racism Fight

NEW YORK (JTA)—Philip M. Klutznich, chairman of the Governing
Board of the World Jewish Congress (WJC), said the denial of permission to
attend the United Nations-sponsored World Conference for Action Against
Apartheid held this week in Lagos, Nigeria, will in no way diminish the
WJC's fight against racism.
Klutznick declared, "We very much regret that our efforts as an inter-
national Non-Governmental Organization in consultative status with the UN
since 1947 to be helpful at a UN-sponsored conference in whose purposes we
have a very real concern, have been rejected. Many observers will conclude
that there has taken place an act of discrimination unworthy of a conference
held under the auspices of the UN. The refusal to permit our participation
created a situation that led Israel to feel compelled to withdraw from the
Lagos conference.
"The efforts of the World Jewish Congress to strengthen human rights and
advance human freedom date back to its establishment in 1936. We contrib-
uted actively to the drafting of the Universal Declaration of Human Rights
in 1948.
"Our disappointment at the action of the conference organizers will in no
way diminish our efforts to promote and encourage respect for human
rights and fundamental freedoms for all, regardless of race, color, religion
or ethnic origin, nor will it affect our commitment to the struggle against
apartheid and all forms of racism and racial discrimination."
The meeting in Lagos was sponsored by the UN, the Organization of Afri-
can Unity and other organizations. About 50 countries, most of them Third
World or Communist, attended.
Israel, which can attend as a member of the UN, announced last week
that it would not do so in protest against the exclusion of the WJC, while the
Palestine Liberation Organization and a pro-PLO UN committee were in-
vited.
The New York Times, in a Sunday editorial under the heading "Israel,

Apartheid and Hypocrisy," stated:

"Israel's withdrawal from a United Nations conference on apartheid begin-
ning tomorrow (Monday) in Lagos, Nigeria, should be a source of concern
to the governments of the black African states at whose urging the meeting
is being held. It demonstrates that the Palestine Liberation Organization
and its Arab and Soviet bloc supporters are more interested in using the con-
ference to express hostility to Israel than to address seriously the racial poli-
cies of South Africa.
"Israel's stated reason for withdrawing is that the conference will not
allow the World Jewish Congress to participate but will admit many other
non-governmental organizations, some of which have far less of a record of
concern for Africa and for human rights. But Israel's real concern is that

(Continued on Page 9)

By MURRAY ZUCKOFF and JOSEPH POLAKOFF

WASHINGTON (JTA)—The Carter Administration's apparent effort to create a cli-
mate of "world opinion" in favor of its Middle East policy continues to center on
legitimizing the Palestine Liberation Organization and paving the way to have the PLO
participate in reconvened Geneva talks.
At the same time, there seems to be an easing off of any harsh criticism of Israel
regarding its anncJnced policy of establishing more settlements on the West Bank and
aiding militarily the Christians in southern Lebanon. There are some analysts who feel
that "toned down" statements on Israel's West Bank policy indicates a policy of trade-off.
The thinking among these analysts is that President Carter realizes there is nothing he
can do, short of strong statements of concern and rebukes and adminishments, about
Israel's West Bank policy. He is in the same position in that regard as he was when he
was admonishing and rebuk-
ing the Soviet Union on the
issue of human rights. After a
series of strongly-worded
statements he had to concede,
during a press conference, that
he cannot, after all, use physic-
JERUSALEM (JTA)—An effort by the prime minister to
al means to pursuade the Rus-
have the Knesset vote Wednesday in near-unanimous ma-
sians
to change their policy.
jority for a resolution utterly ruling out all possibilities of
But if Carter cannot use
negotiations with the Palestine Liberation Organization
physical means to pursuade
has become unstuck because of the opposition of both
Labor and the Democratic Movement for Change.
the Israeli government to
change its West Bank settle-
Both opposition blocs informed Men-
ahem Begin that, while they agreed
ment policy—and strong
with the anti-PLO sentiment, they
statements of concern and re-
could not in good conscience agree to
bukes do not seem to have any
give their support to a motion of this
affect—he
can find a way of
kind.
dealing with the PLO and
"We must stress the positive, not
thereby place Israel on the
only the negative," former Foreign

Begin Anti-PLO Move
Foiled by Labor, DMC

Minister Yigal Allon explained. He re-
ferTed to his party's longtime pro-
posal for a Palestinian solution "with-
in the Jordanian context," which spe-
cifically advocates a territorial corn-
promise on the West Bank—anathema
ALLON
to the Likud government.
The DMC gave much the same response, calling for a full-
scale Knesset debate on foreign policy, not merely a solid"
arity resolution on this single aspect of the peace problem.
In the face of this situation, the premier withdrew his in-
itiative and the Knesset convened Wednesday to discuss
budgetary matters.

diplomatic griddle.
In fact, Carter said earlier
this month while Secretary of
State Cyrus Vance was in
Saudi Arabia during his
Mideast trip, that the U.S. has
contact with the PLO, not di-

rect contact, "but of course
they are sending us messages
through the Syrians, the Saudi

Arabians, the Egyptians and

(Continued on Page 6)

eorge Meany Appeals to Jimmy Carter
to Pressure Soviets on Sharansky Case

WASHINGTON—The AFL-CIO on Aug. 19 released a letter sent by its president, George Meany, to
President Carter in which Meany appealed to the President on behalf of Anatoly Sharansky, the 29-
year-old Soviet Jew arrested in Moscow and accused of working for the CIA.
The letter followed a meeting Meany had with Sharansky's wife, Natalia, in his office on Aug. 9.
In his letter, Meany tells the President that in our conversation, Mrs. Sharansky expressed her
gratitude for your public declaration that her husband has had no connections with the CIA. That was
very helpful. Yet, the cause of human rights will not be greatly advanced if the Soviet authorities drop
that absurd charge—which could carry the death sentence—and substitute "slander of 'the Soviet
system," which might bring seven years in prison and five years internal exile.
While any amelioration of his plight would be welcome, true justice can only be served by the
release of Anatoly Sharansky and the granting of permission for him to be reunited with his wife."
Meany went on to ask the President to employ whatever means he had to "impress upon the Soviet
authorities the gravity of our concern for Mr. Sharansky and his associates," stating that ''not only the
future of Anatoly Sharansky is at stake, but the credibility of the Helsinki Agreement." •

-

(Continued on Page 13)

Mrs. Sharansky is shown during the meeting with George Meany, at right. -
Giora Hadar, at left, of the Washington Committee for Soviet Jewry, served
as interpreter.

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