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August 19, 1977 - Image 16

Resource type:
Text
Publication:
The Detroit Jewish News, 1977-08-19

Disclaimer: Computer generated plain text may have errors. Read more about this.

16 Friday, August 19, 1977 THE DETROIT JEWISH NEWS

Young Adults Bowling Leagues
20-30 years now forming

ARK LANES VIEST

for more information call

352-3333

Over 45 Years

Of

Moving Experience

POTTER
MOVING & STORAGE CO.

Things Not as They Used to Be

By DAVID SCHWARTZ

ICopyright 1977. JTA. loc.)

Daniel Schorr, former
Washington television man
and also at one time on the
Jewish Telegraphic Agency
staff, is now writing a book.
"Clearing the Air."
Almost everyone in Wash-
ington seems to be seeking
to clear the air in the same
way. Anyone connected
with politics, either on the
inside or outside, has a
great advantage approach-
ing a publisher. The others
will have a hard time get-
ting by the receptionist, but
if you have been involved in
politics, the publishers will
embrace you with joy.
It wasn't so in earlier
days. Thomas Jefferson
died almost broke. He
wrote a number of books, in-
cluding an autobiography,

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but they didn't make any
money nor did he intend to
make any money through
them. But books really
saved him in the end. When
he was down almost to his
last dollar, he sold his li-
brary of books—he had the
largest library in the coun-
try—to the government.
The Library of Congress
had been burned to the
ground by the British dur-
ing the War of 1812 and the
government brought the Jef-
ferson library to start the
new one.
Zero Mostel isn't what he
used to be either. He is 48
pounds less. Been dieting.
The star of "Fiddler on the
Roof" is now to star in a
new Broadway play, "The
Merchant," which is a kind
of takeoff on Shakespeare's
Merchant of Venice.
We were interested in
what Mostel said about how
he prepares for his part in
a play. He does not, he
says, deliberately try to
memorize his part. He
reads the entire play aloud
and gets to knew all parts.
There is something to this.
That's how the good Jew
learns his prayers. He just
reads them aloud a number
of times—has no intention
of trying to remember
them—but they remember
themselves.
Prof. Herbert Guttman in
an article in the New York
Times, it seems to us. goes
a little too far in comparing
the recent looting in the
blackout in New York to
the rioting of some Ortho-
dox Jewish women against
the kosher meat butchers
back in 1903.
The Jewish women were
protesting the high prices
of kosher meat, but they
did no looting. Of course,
there is the common back-
ground of poverty as an im-
pelling motive in both
cases, but the cases are not
really comparable. The riot-
ing in the kosher incident
was more like that of the
Boston Tea Party, protest-
ing the British tariffs which
made prices high. In that
case too, there was no loot-
ing, although the British tea
was dumped in the harbor.
One television program
the other day which gave
us a good-deal of pleasure
was listening to the famous
Israeli-born violinist, Yitz-
hak Perlman. He was
asked why Jews go in so
much for violin playing. He
omitted one of the reasons
some have given—namely-
that the violin is one in-
strument which is easiest to
run away with. If the Nazis
come, you can take your
violin, but not an organ or
a piano.

Stamps Depict Ancient
Musical Instruments

Israel Eases
Currency Rules

The philatelic services di-
vision of the Israel Nlinistry
of Communications has is-
sued a new series of
stamps depicting in-
struments from the collec-
tions at the Haifa Music N1u-
seum and AMLI Library.
According to the min-
istry, music and musical in-
struments have been part
of the heritage of the
people of Israel from
earliest times.
The Bible mentions the
names of dozens of musical
instruments as well as musi-
enl expressions and even
the names of performers
and conductors are record-
ed. MI of which goes to
prove that music and song
occupied an important
place in ancient Israel.
For a long time research
into music in biblical; times
confined itself for the most
part to philology. It is only
in the past couple of dec-
ades that, thanks to various
archeological finds, new
fields of research have
opened up to the researcher
into the history of ancient
music.
The varied archeological
finds while not numerous.
uncovered materialistic cul-
ture side by side with evi-
dence of ramified artistic
creativity.
Among the different musi-
cal instruments that have
been found are : clay rat-
tles: trumpet-like seashells;
whistles; recorders; bells
and cymbals.
No less fascinating than
the instruments themselves
is a study of the different
manner in which ancient
musical instruments are de-
picted in art, sculpture. etc.
Among the various finds
have been clay figurines
and statuettes of male and
female musicians, drum-
mers and professional mour-
ners.
Images of musicians and
different types of musical
instruments have been
found on frescoes. on woven
cloth, ivories, clay drinking
vessels, clay lamps, mo-
saics, coins and seals.
These finds have enabled us
to see what many of the mu-
sical instruments men-
tioned in the Bible and the
Talmud looked like and in
certain cases even show us
how they were played.
The trumpet was a multi-
purpose instrument. Like
the ram's horn (shofar) it
played a prominent role in
the Temple services. "Also
in the day of your gladness.
anci in your solemn
days...ye shall blow with
the trumpets..." (Numbers

JERUSALEM — Israel
last week eased foreign cur-
rency regulations to allow
individuals to maintain, for
the first time, bank ac-
counts with money received
from abroad.
According to Finance Min-
istry regulations, Israelis
may keep one-third of all
foreign currency they re-
ceive. The rest of the
money must be converted
to Israeli currency.
Previously, all Israelis
other than authorized ex-
porters had to sell all for-
eign currency to the min-
istry.

TEL AVIV (JTA)—Israeli
industry will suffer the
most by the IL 1.4 billion
cut in the defense budget,
according to details on the
reductions outlined last
week by Defense Minister
Ezer Weizman.
But Weizman stressed the
cuts will not harm the
army's development and
preparedness program as
Chief of Staff Gen. Mor-
dehai Gur siad earlier last
week. He siad Gur agrees
with the cuts.
The reduction in the de-
fense budget includes a de-

The above stamps depict,
left, an ancient jingle, lyre
and trumpet from the Haifa
Music Museum.
X, 10).
We read of the trumpets
used by the army in time of
war "...and Moses sent.
them to the war...and the
trumpets to blow..." (Num-
bers XXXI, 61.
Similarly we read "and if
you go to war in your
land...then ye shall blow an
alarm with the trumpets...'•
(Numbers X, 9). The trum-
pet also played_-a role on
state and royal occasions.
The most frequently men-
tioned stringed instruments
mentioned in the Bible are
the lyre and the harp.
These two instruments, in
various shapes and sizes,
were to be found through-
out the centuries in the
hands of the people as well
as in the service of the
Temple.
The biblical lyre was a
stringed instrument played
by plucking the strings ei-
ther by hand or with a plect-
rum. The bow was not
(mown, and hence not used,
by the peoples of the an-
cient world such as the Su-
merians, Egyptians and
Greeks.
The most common type of
lyre consisted of a sounding
box and two arms con-
nected by a crossbar. Its
three strings were made of
sheepgut. The instrument is
not decorated. as is usual
among other peoples, with
the heads of wild animals
or birds.
Of all the metal per-
cussion instruments, the
jingle (cymbals) is the
best-known to us, although
to this very day we do not
know the precise identity
and design of the musical in-
struments referred to as
"jingles", "loud jingles"
and "high-sounding jing-
les".
The jingle is also men-
tioned in the Talmud and
refers apparently to the
Roman sistrum—an in-
strument consisting of a
wooden handle and a metal
bow fitted with loosely held
jingles.

Israel Defense Cuts Hurt Industry

crease of IL 622 million
military goods bought in Is-
rael and a IL 153 million
cut in construction costs.
The new budget will also re-
duce purchases abroad by
IL 550 million.

Bernstein Honored
at Austrian rest

NEW YORK—Composer-
conductor Leonard Ber-
nstien is being honored with
a week-long festival of his
works at the Carinthian
Summer Festival in Aus-
tria. which started
Tuesday.

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