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June 10, 1977 - Image 20

Resource type:
Text
Publication:
The Detroit Jewish News, 1977-06-10

Disclaimer: Computer generated plain text may have errors. Read more about this.

THE DETROIT JEWISH NEWS

20 Friday, June 10, 1977

Peres Agrees to Coalition Talks With Begin;
Difficulties Foreseen in Likud-DMC Parleys

TEL AVIV (JTA)—Shi-
mon Peres said Tuesday
night that he would accept
an invitation from Likud
leader Menahem Begin to
discuss the possibility of
the Labor Alignment join-
ing a Likud-led national
unity government. How-
ever, he made it clear that
there has been no change in
Labor's negative attitude to-
ward an all-party coalition
and said that Begin is fully
aware of Labor's position.
Nevertheless, "If he in-
vites us to a meeting we
shall go," Peres said after
the Labor Party named him
its chairman. The post is a
new one. established to re-
place the office of secretary
general which has been va-
cant since Meir Zarmi re-
signed on the eve of the
May 17 elections.
On Tuesday, as President

Ephraim Katzir officially
asked Begin to form a gov-
ernment, the Likud leader
said that his party and the
Labor Alignment were in
agreement on basic issues
such as their objection to a
Palestinian state, refusal to
withdraw to Israel's 1967
borders and their opposition
to PLO participation in any
negotiations for a Mideast
peace settlement. Begin
said he was aware of differ-
ences that exist between his
party and Labor but he
feels that an agreement
could be reached between
them.
Israeli law giv€.6 Begin 21
days to form a g wernment
and an additional 21 days if
needed. Should he be
unable to establish a govern-
ment within the 42 day
limit, the law requires the
president to assign the task

Re- Seca...

Kenneth N. Larsen

Soatitizeed eemptee

Setacatetta

MONDAY, JUNE 13, 1977

ONE YEAR TERM

Demonstrated Ability
Mature Judgement
Proven Community Leadership
Unbiased Representation

- Pd. Pol. Adv.

to another Knesset
But Begin is convinced
that he can put together a
'majority cabinet well with-
in the deadline. Likud and
Gen. Ariel Sharon's Shlom-
zion Movement, which
merged with it last week,
will control 45 seats in the
next Knesset. If Moshe
Dayan, who has left the
Labor Party but retains his
Knesset seat, joins Likud, it
will have 46 votes plus 12
from the National Religious
Party (NRP) which is con-
sidered virtually certain to
join • a Likud-led govern-
ment,
Meanwhile,
Likud is
studying an eight-point coa-
lition guideline proposed to
it Tuesday by the Democrat-
ic Movement for Change
(DMC). The two factions re-
sumed their coalition talks
Thursday and sources on
both sides appeared to be
optimistic that the differen-
ces can be bridged, opening
the way to formation of a
broadly based government.
It was learned that three
of the DMC's points could
be serious stumbling blocks
to an agreement between
the DMC and Likud. Accord-
ing to informed sources, the
DMC would retain as a coa-
lition guideline Begin's
statement that Israel has
an "historic right the the
whole of Eretz Yisrael."
But the DMC wants to add
that Israel would announce
its readiness for negotia-
tions on the basis of territo-
rial concessions in ex-
change for a genuine, con-
tractual peace agreement.
Another touchy point con-
cerns settlements in the ad-
ministered territories. The
DMC reportedly proposed
that settlements in areas
other than the Golan
Heights, the Jordan Valley
and the Rafah salient must
be approved in advance by
all parties.that are partners

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Likud a slim majority of 62
votes in the next Knesset.
But Likud circles expressed
confidence that the DMC
will agree to join the coali-
tion adding 15 Knesset seats.

However, if was learned
that the DMC is seeking the
foreign ministry portfolio to
ensure that once agreement
is reached with Likud on
foreign policy matters it
will be implemented. Yadin
is apparently prepared to
accept the foreign ministry
himself. There are no in-
dications that Begin intends
to withdraw his nomination
of Dayan although officially
it remains just one of sever-
al possible proposals.
Some circles speculated
that Yadin might be ap-
pointed deputy premier and
assigned to head the Israeli
- delegation to the Geneva
conference, if and when it
convenes. In that event, the
DMC would play an impor-
tant part in shaping Israel's
policy.
Meanwhile, Mayor Eliahu
Nawi of -Beersheba, a veter-
an Laborite, accused the
Labor Party last week of
following the same course
to destruction in the up-
coming Histadrut elections
as it did in the Knesset elec-
tions of May 17. He threat-
ened to resign from the
party and no less a figure
than Foreign Minister Yigal
Allon met with him to try
to persuade him not to.
Nawi charged that the
Labor Party has failed to
absorb the lessons of the
elections and is resorting to
the same techniques that re-
sulted in its downfall. He
cited as an example the ap-
pointment of the party's
candidates for the Hista-
drut elections by an appoint-
ments committee rather
than by internal party bal-
loting.
He also alleged that the
Labor Party had claimed a
fictitious consensus in Beer-
sheba where 10,800 persons
supposedly registered as
members but only 9200
voted for the Labor Align-
ment on May 17.

Illegal Arms Sale to Syria
Forces Austrian Minister Out

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to the Coalition. That would
mean than any party could
veto Jewish settlements in
the Judaea-Samaria re-
gions. The other regions
were exempted presumably
because they are consid-
ered vital to Israel's secu-
rity.
Finally, the DMC said it
would not oppose the appli-
cation of Israeli law to the
administered territories pro-
vided that it is not done
while preliminary moves to-
ward negotiotions with
Arabs or actual negotia-
tions- are in progress.
Last week, Begin
presented DMC head Yigael
Yadin with a 15-point pro-
gram that he drafted as the
guideline on which a coali-
tion government could be
formed with the participa-
tion of the DMC and the
NRP. Although the pro-
gram is, of necessity, gener-
alized and, according to
Begin, can be changed, its
most important elements
could be interpreted as lean-
ing toward the DMC posi-
tion.
The draft states ' that
peace will be the prime
aim of the Israeli govern-
ment and it will spare no ef-
fort to enhance the pros-
pects for peace.
The draft also promised
that as long as there is no
peace agreement, the new
Israeli government will re-
gard itself bound by the
agreements reached by the
previous government. The
15-point program was also
presented to the NRP.
If however, Begin is
unable to draw the DMC
into a coalition he will be
able to form a government
based on Likud and the reli-
gious factions. The Agudat
Israel has approved the
draft of a coalition agree-
ment with Likud, subject to
final approval by the
Aguda's Council of Sages.
The latter is expected to
give its endorsement since
Likud has accepted the
Aguda's key religious de-
mands.
Should Aguda join the coa-
lition, that would give

VIENNA (JTA )— Austri-
an Defense Minister Karl
Luetgendorf was forced to
resign May 30 because of
an illegal arms deal with
Syria. Luetgendorf, 62, an-
nounced his resignation
after more than five
months of resistance
against mounting criticism.
Bruno
Chancellor
Kreisky, who included the
non-party member into his
Socialist cabinet, said the
resignation was necessary
because Luetgendorf was
guilty of misinforming Par-
liament. The affair started
last December, when cus-
toms officials at Vienna air-
port stopped a consignment
of 600 Marksman rifles and
half a million rounds of am-
munition destined for Syria.
The consigment had been
dispatched by an Austrian
arms dealer, who later

turned out to be a close per-
sonal friend of the minister.
When the arms dealer
failed to get the con-
signment out of the country
because of Austria's neutral
status, the Ministry of De-
fense claimed ownership,
but customs officials re-
mained adamant.
When the affair became
public, Luetgendorf first
claimed the ammunition
was destined for Tunisia
and that he knew nothing of
any shipment to Syria.
But a Parliamentary in-
vestigation disclosed that
Luetgendorf was informed
about all the details of the
deal from the very begin-
ning. He was found guilty
of misinforming Parlia-
ment. Luetgendorf said he
did not feel guilty in all
points but admitted that he
may have made some mis-
takes.

Refugees Seek
U.S. Assistance
to Get Arab
Compensation

NEW YORK (JTA—The
World Organization of Jews
from Arab Countries
(WOJAC) urged President
Carter to assure com-
pensation for Jewish refu-
gees from Arab lands.
Norma Balass, executive di-
rector of the world-wide or-
ganization who was born in
Iraq, said that while the
President recently advo-
cated compensation for
Arab refugees, he failed to
mention the approximately
two million Jews who had
been displaced by the
Arabs.
"President Carter is by
no means unique in over-
looking the rights of Jews
from Arab countries," said
Balass. "Yet these rights
are an integral part of the
Arab-Israel dispute." She
disclosed that the world ex-
ecutive of WOJAC has dis-
patched the following cable
to President Carter:
"WOJAC, the world organ-
ization representing Jews
from Arab countries, has
followed with grave con-
cern the recent statements
made by the United States
government on the subject
of the Palestininans. We
are shocked by the one-
sideness of these state-
ments and the inequality
they reflect- in assessing the
refugee problem in the
Middle East.
"We feel that the Presi-
dent's reference to the Pa-
lestinian refugees blatantly
ignores the inalienable and
inextinguishable rights of
1,750,000 Jews and their off-
spring from Arab countries
of origin as refugees due to
unbearable humiliation, dis-
crimination and per-
secutions."
The cable noted that UN
Security Council Resolution
242 endorsed by the U.S.
recommends "a just settle-
ment of the refugee prob-
lem" placing Jews and
Arabs on equal footing.
"Justice and equality re-
quire that in this connection
the question of the Palesti-
nians cannot be raised with-
out, at the same time, deal-
ing with the rights and
claims of Jews from Arab
countries. Any other ap-
proach contradicts the ele-
mentary principles of equal-
ity, justice and fairness
which are symbolic of the
American nation and the
biblical spirit upon which it
was founded," the cable
said. -
It. added that "WOJAC ex-
pects the U.S. government to
take a public stand on the
collective and individual
rights of Jews from Arab
countries without which no
peace negotiations can take
place." The cable was sign-
ed by Mordechai Ben
Porat, Co-chairman, Israel;
Leon Tamman, Co-chair-
man, England; and Dr. M.
Roumani, secretary general.

Terrorist Released;
Helped Save a Life

TEL AVIV (JTA)—An
Arab terrorist serving an
eight year sentence was re-
leased after he saved the
warden's life.
Youssef Rashdan revived
the unconscious warden by
mouth-to-mouth resuscita-
tion after he suffered an
electric shock.

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