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May 06, 1977 - Image 28

Resource type:
Text
Publication:
The Detroit Jewish News, 1977-05-06

Disclaimer: Computer generated plain text may have errors. Read more about this.

THE DETROIT JEWISH NEWS

28 Friday, May 6, 1977

UJA Walk-a-Thon Raises $2,500

SACRAMENTO. Calif..
(JTA)—Some 200 persons
helped raise an estimated
$2,500 for the United Jewish

BACKGAMMON

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SOCIAL PLAYING

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Appeal in a walk-a-thon
sponsored by the Jewish
Federation of Sacraments.
The walk-a-thon was part
of the national UJA Walk-a-
thon which is being held
across the country in most
places on May 15. The De-
troit Jewish Community
Center will also sponsor a
walk-a-thon.

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Historical Quarterly Explores German-U.S. Press and Nazism

WALTHAM, Mass. — The
Midwest German-American
press from 1919 to 1933 re-
flected many of the Nazi
principles of anti-Semitism,
racism and fear of foreign-
ers thereby causing the gen-
erally favorable attitudes of
German-Americans toward
Jews in the United States to
change in the 1930's.
Writing in the Spring
issue of the American Jew-
ish Historical Quarterly,
Prof. David G. Singer, who
has taught at Loyola Univer-
sity and Spertus College.
found that even before Hit-
ler came into power, the
midwestern German-Ameri-
can press had expressed
mtxed feelings towards
Jews in Germany.
Although approving of
their contribution to Ger-
man culture and science,
the press begrudged the
Jews' success and wealth
regarding them as an alien
element living in Germany
precipitating anti-Semitism
by their own social drive.
Thus, papers in Chicago,
Milwaukee and St. Louis ig-
nored the tradition of Ger-
man tolerance and liber-

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alism and became the ve-
hicles for virulent attacks,
especially on East Eu-
ropean Jews.
The Quarterly, published
by the American Jewish
Historical Society located
on the campus of Brandeis
University, includes articles
by two other academicians.
Doris Groshen Daniels, as-
sociate professor of history
and political science at Nas-
sau Community College in
an article entitled "Colonial
Jewry Religious, Domestic
and Social Relations;"
notes that the single most
important factor motivating
and affecting Colonial New
York Jewry was the Shear-
ith Israel Congregation.
Daniels concludes that
such control was possible

because the synagogue held
a firm grip on such vital
functions as birth, death,
marriage. charity and diet-
ary laws. However, en-
croachments made by the
Enlightenme it and liberal
political thclight served to
undermine the importance
of the congregation. Once
other synagogues, social
and chiritable organiza-
tions and institutions were
founded. the exclusive con-
trol and influence Shearith
Israel wielded was forever
lost.
. "Mordecai Kaplan: Chal-
lenges and Conflicts in the
Twenties," is the subject of
the final article by Melvin
Scult, associate professor in
the Department of Judaic
Studies at Brooklyn Col-

Israel Listed as a Leading
Arms Producer, Exporter

LONDON (JTA)—Among
developing countries, only
the People's Republic of
China and India are ahead
of Israel in the field of de-
fense production. A table in
the "Strategic Survey 1976"
published by the Inter-
national Institute for Strate-
gic Studies puts Israel third
in a list of 31 developing
"countries which produce at
least some of their own mili-
tary equipment. Egypt and
Saudi Arabia are also list-
ed.
According to the table.
the Israeli defense in-
dustries produce aircraft,
missiles, armored fighting
vehicles, warships, small
arms, electronics and air-
craft engines. Besides
China and India, only South
Africa and Brazil joined Is-
rael in this categogy.
Israel and China are also
singled out as important
arms suppliers to other
Third World- states. In 1977,
Israel's arms exports are
expected to be worth $500
million, or double last
year's estimated figure, ac-
cording to the survey.
Israel's indigenous capa-
bilities, however, are not
considered adequate in num-
ber or skills to fulfill her de-

fense requirements. The sur-
vey comments that Israel's
arms export trade has be-
come an important means
for expanding her own
arms purchases.
Moreover. "the depend-
ence normally associated
with arms transfers does
not disappear with the es-
tablishment of domestic de-
fense industries."
Egypt comes ninth in the
table, with plans to -produce
aircraft and missiles for
the Arab military industries
organization, launched two
years ago with $1 billion by
four Arab states. At pre-
sent, Egypt and Saudi
Arabia only produce small
arms.
Looking at the Middle
East military balance, the
survey writes that Israel's
position was improved
steadily by arms deliveries
from the United States
worth approximately $2.2
billion.
These supplies "undoubt-
edly put Israel in a strong-
er position militarily than
in October. - 1973, despite
chronic manpower prob-
lems. But it was at the cost
of considerable financial
strain."

Canadians Support Famed Anti-Semite

MONTREAL (SEA )—The
opposition Progress Con-
servative Party has defend-
ed- the nomination of a no-
torious anti-Semite, Roger
Delorme, to be its candi-
date for election in the Ter-
rebonne district of Quebec
province. The nomination
Stirred angry protests from
both Jews and non-Jews in
Quebec and across Canada.
Joe Clatt, president of
the Progressive Conserva-
tive Party, disavowed "any
form of anti-Semitism" and
claimed that Delorme
agreed to abide 103,' the
party's policy in that re-
spect. Beyond that, he re-
fused to interfere with the
candidate.
He said he "specifically
discussed" party policy
with regard to Israel and
anti-Semitism with De-
lorme and "Mr. Delorme as-
sured me that he was pre-
pared to support our party
policy in these areas. It is

not my view that a party
leader should interfere in
the riding (district) level
process beyond a level of as-
suring, that candidates seek-
ing such nominations under-
stand the basic policies of
our party."
Delorme, a. former radio
and television com-
mentator, has been leading
a media campaign in re-
cent years against Israel
and Jews by equating Zion-
ism with Nazism. Accord-
ing to Delorme, the stcry of
Anne Frank was a figment
of Jewish imagination and
the death of six million
Jews in that Holocaust an
"absurd exaggeration."

Grant Implemented

WASHINGTON (JTA )--
The Agency for Inter-
national Development
(AID) signed a contract im-
plementing a grant of
$750.000 for Hadassah's med-
ical work in. Israel.

lege. Scult maintains that
for Kaplan and American
Judaism the period of the
1920s were most seminal in
Kaplan's formation of his
rationale and concepts for
the Reconstructionist Move-
ment.

Kaplan provided a new
way of thinking which he
characterized as .realistic
rather than ideological,
pragmatic rather than tradi-
tion-oriented. He strongly
asserted that religious
ideas prove their validity
by serving as means of _so-
cial control and betterment
and thus forcefully injected Ns)
a new element into Ameri-
can Jewish religious
thought and life, according
to Scult.

New West Bank
Unrest Reported

JERUSALEM (JTA)—
Serious disturbances were
reported in several West
Bank towns Wednesday fol-
lowing clashes in which an
Arab teenager and an Arab
woman were shot to death
by Israeli soldiers and six
Israelis, including five sol-
diers, were injured by en-
raged mobs.
Scores of arrests were
made in Jenin Wednesday
morning after military
forces battled crowds in the
streets. A curfew was im-
posed on the old section in
Nablus and riot police used
tear gas and clubs to dis-
burse student demonstra-
tors in Ramallah.
Israeli sources said that
the soldiers involved had
been in real and immediate
danger.
The latest eruption of vio-
lence on the West Bank has
been attributed to advertise-
ments placed in Israeli
newspapers by the Gush
Emunim announcing that
they intended to plant more
Jewish settlements in the
Arab-populated Samaria dis-
trict. The mayor of Kaba-
tiyeh has cabled the United
Nations and other inter-
national bodies protesting
Israeli actions there. The
military governor sum-
moned the mayor to his of-
fice and urged him to cool
the atmosphere in his vil-
lage.

Himmler Adviser
Won't Be Tried

VIENNA (JTA)—Horst
Bender, the legal adviser of
Heinrich Himmler, who
was the leader of the Nazi
SS, will not face trial in
West Germany although he
advocated the thesis that
the killing of Jews for politi-
cal reasons was not a –
crime.
Simon Wiesenthal, head
of the Jewish Documenta-
tion Center in Vienna, said
he was informed by West
German authorities they
cancelled investigation
measures against Bender,
who is currently a prac-
ticing lawyer in Stuttgart,
West Germany.
German justice author-
ities said evidence was not
sufficient to continue legal
proceedings.'

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