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April 08, 1977 - Image 8

Resource type:
Text
Publication:
The Detroit Jewish News, 1977-04-08

Disclaimer: Computer generated plain text may have errors. Read more about this.

8 Friday, April 8, 1977

THE DETROIT JEWISH NEWS

Sadat Expresses Willingness to Accept Broken Israel

(Continued from Page_ 1)
He said, "We can't :lave
two borders; there can he
only one border."
Sadat acknowledged that
he and Carter "agreed on
certain points" and differ-
end on certain points; but
did not identify them.
An Israeli correspondent
asked what has caused
Egypt to be willing to make
peace with Israel now. Sa-
dat replied that he has been
doing this since Feb. 4, 1971
and said. "I was the first
Arab leader to do this and
am ready for a peace
agreement."

The correspondent asked,
however, why Sadat has
changed his attitude and is
willing now to accept Is-
rael. Sadat replied, "When
we accepted (Security Coun-
cil) Resolution 242 in 1967
we accepted Israel."
Another Israeli corre-
spondent asked: since Sa-
dat was icgdy to accept Is-
rael would it not be a good
idea for an exchange of vis-
its by Israeli and Egyptian
journalists. Sadat replied,
Part of the conflict is psy-
chological. I myself have
no objection, but believe
me our people are not

Egypt arose - in general
terms" at the final meeting
between Carter and Sadat
but that Carter reserved his
decisions. Presidential
Press Secretary Jody Pow-
ell told reporters at a news
briefing, "No commitments
or decisions were anticipat-
ed and they would not be
made without appropriate
consideration of Congress."
The Zionist Organization of
America urged Congress to
reject any weapon sale to
Egypt, calling the request a
peace bribe.
Powell said that Carter
declined to discuss "specif-
ics" and that Sadat did not
present any list of military
requirements at his meet-
ings with the President. It
was understood, however,
that Sadat's reported
request for 250 fighter plan-
es, electronic equipment
and missiles was submitted
by him at his meeting with
Defense Secretary Harold
Brown. Sadat also in-
dicated, in interviews be-
fore he came to the U.S.
that he wanted $5-10 billion
in U.S. economic credits.
But Powell stressed that
No attempt was made to
arrive at a particular level
of assistance," either mili-
tary or economic. He noted,
"The U.S. is not the only
source of assistance in
these matters; and remind-
ed reporters twice during
the briefing of Carter's re-
view of U.S. arms sales
abro9 ,1 for the pureose of

ready after 29 years of war
hatred and bitterness. We
must do it gradually. When-
ever we end the state of bel-
ligerence all this will he
reached."
With regard to his state-
ment on "normalization"
Sadat said, "For sure there
will he normalization" in re-
lations with Israel. "You
should not put in the agree-
ment for us to make trade
with Israel when they are
in a (Economic) mess like
me."
The White House said
Tuesday that the subject of
U.S. supply of weapons to

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restraint and reduction of
deliveries. He said the re-
sults of that review would
have a "bearing" on Sa-
dat's request.
Powell was asked about
Carter's reference to a Pa-
lestinian "Homeland" dur-
ing a speech in Clinton,
Mass.
He replied last month,
that the President "does be-
lieve in a homeland and has
left the question of details
open at this point to be dis-
cussed further!' The press
secretary added that he
was being "very super-cau-
tious" in his briefing be-
cause of developments in
the Middle East over the
past 30 years.
He declined to say what
impression Sadat left with
Carter with respect to the
former's remarks about a
Palestinian "entity" Mon-
day and his reference to a
Palestinian - homeland"
during his working dinner
with Carter Monday night.
Powell said he would not
discuss Sadat's words.
Sadat said. in response to
the President's remarks
Monday night, -Your re-
cent statement on the right
of the Palestinians to a na-
tional homeland was wel-
comed by every Arab. It
was regarded as a positive
signal because it was the
first time since 1947 that an
American President has
ever spelled out his con-
viction that the Palestinians
should have their homeland
where they could establish
their state." Some observ-
ers saw Sadat's statement
as a retreat from his recent
remark that a Palestinian
state should he linked with
Jordan.
Powell disclosed that Car-
ter will give "sympathetic
study and consideration" to
a U.S. hydrographic survey
of the Gulf of Suez, essen-
tially a mapping of under-
water terrain to be made in
view of oil drilling and in-
creasing traffic in those wa-
ters. He said the project
would take about six
months at a cost of $7.5 mil-
lion. The U.S. is involved in
a dispute with Israel over
the latter's oil drilling in
part of the gulf.
Powell also reported that
Carter promised to encour-
age the inflow of U.S. pri-
vate capital into Egypt and
that a consulting group has
been organized by the
World Bank to "Provide a
demonstration of world-
wide support for _Egypt to
strengthen its economy."
Powell said Carter and Sa-
dat discussedprior and cur-
rent developments in Leba-
non and expressed concern
over the situation in that
country.
When Sadat arrived in
Washington on Monday he
described the occupied terri-
tories and the Palestinian is-
sue as the "crux and core"
of the Middle East dispute.
During the Monday after-
noon and evening meetings
Carter and Sadat discussed
what Powell described as
the "core - problems of
peace, territorial consid-
erations and the Palestinian
question.
- Laq week, in Damascus,

a PLO spokesman labelled
U.S. policy "an enemy one"
despite Carter's reference
to a Palestinian homeland.
Abdul Mohsen Abu Maizar
said U.S. policy is "not fair
and honest" and is far
short "of the strict min-
imum demands of the
Arabs."
At the same time. U.S.
Ambassador to the UN An-
drew Young said that Presi-
dent Carter's statements on
the need for defensible bor-
ders for Israel and a home-
land for the Palestinians
were no accidents because
`the President knew what he
was saying. He said he at-
tended a meeting with Car-
ter and the President's Na-
tional Security Advisor Zhig-
niew Brzezinski when it
was agreed to use the
phrase - defensible bor-
ders" instead of "security
borders."
Young's remarks were
made to some 150 persons
at a meeting of the Confer-
ence of Presidents of Major
American Jewish Organiza-
tions which was closed to
the Press. His remarks
were reported later by a
spokesman for the Presi-
dents Conference.

Young said that Carter
sees himself as strong and
is willing to use some of his
strength to bring about a
movement toward peace in
the Mideast. He said Carter
sees himself as a "willing
scapegoat" to that end. He
noted that Carter is willing
to take the "heat" for his
statements and believes
that they have given Pre-
mier Yitzhak Rabin more
room to bargain within Is-
rael for a settlement.

Young stressed that Car-
ter's handshake with a Pa-
lestine Liberation Organiza-
tion official during his re-
cent UN visit did not mean
any change in U.S. policy to-
ward the PLO. He said for
Carter to have denied the
UN the right to invite any-
one it wanted to the recep-
tion for him might have
jeopardized the U.S. role as
a peacemaker in the
Mideast. But he claimed
that neither he nor Carter
knew they were shaking
hands with a PLO represen-
tative.

Ambassador Chaim Her-
zog of Israel submitted a
letter to Young, who is cur-
rent head of the UN Secu-
rity Council, requesting rec-
ognition of the-rights of Jew-
ish refugees from Arab
lands.
Also last week, at the con-
clusion of Secretary of
State Cyrus Vance's three-
day visit to Moscow, a joint
U.S.-Russian communique
was released that stated co-
operation between the two
super-powers was essential
to bringing about a just and
lasting peace in the Middle
East.

The two countries are co-
chairmen of the Geneva
peace conference for the
Middle East and the com-
munique said that a meet-
ing between Vance nd Rus-
sia's Gromyko would he
held . in early MAY:

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