THE JEWISH NEWS
In•wporating The Detroit Jewish Chronicle chnunotring with thc issur of July 20, 1951
Member American Association of English-JeWish Newspapers, Michigan Press Association. National Editorial Association.
Published every Friday h• The Jewish News Publishing Co., 1751r, W. Nine Arlile, Suite $65, Southfield, N1ich. 18075.
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Editor and Publisher
CARMI M. SLOMOVITZ
%Ian Ilitsky, News Editor . . . Heidi Press. kssisiont News Editor
Sabbath Scriptural Selections
This Sabbath, the 15th day ofAdar, 5737. , is Shushan Purim and the following scriptural selections will be read in
Pentateuchal portion, Exodus 27:20 - 30:10; Deuteronomy 25:17 - 19. Prophetical portion, I Samuel. 15:2-34.
VOL. LXX, No. 26
Candle lighting, Friday, March 4, 6:08 p.m.
Friday, March 4, 1977
Purim: Call for Freedom
Observed as a minor festival on the
Jewish calendar, - Purim nevertheless has
great significance. The joy it generates in
the celebrations in homes and synagogues
are in appreciation of an ancient-triumph of
justice over bigotry and of acquisition of
freedom by Jews who had been condemned
to death by a hatemonger.
Perhaps there is much more to the les-
son of Purim. If, as it is reasonable to be-
lieve, the festival story inspired action in
self defense and in quest for liberty, then it
has passed on to the generations to be
learned by people of all faiths. What is
taught is that silence spells doom and an
outcry against oppression must bring good
results in the long run.
Isn't this what is happening in Russia?
Hasn't the staunchness of Jewish demands
for fairness served to encourage dissidents
of all faiths and all backgrounds to be out-
spoken for justice in the USSR? Isn't this
what has given such historic importance to
the Carter-Sakharov exchange of corres-
pondence and of an accord against tyranny
and for liberfy?
As President Jimmy Carter has de-
clared and as libertarians have advocated
all along, if there is a lack of freedom in any
part of the globe it endangers justice and
freedom everywhere. A free world demands
freedom for all. This was and is the Purim
lesson: never to be silent in demands for
justice. Doesn't this make Purim a univer-
sal festival with a lesson for all mankind?
Not only all of Israel's schools of higher
learning, several of which will have
Academic Chairs created with his gifts, but
many local and national causes will benefit
from Abraham J. Cutler's generosity.
Silently, without fanfare, Mr. and Mrs.
Cutler had already given generously to
many worthy philanthropic causes and
His specialty has been and continues to
be the establishment of scholarship funds
for Israel's schools of higher learning. as
well as the local school systems.
The unprecedented mark of generosity
just expressed in the announcement of vast
trust funds set a new mark in generosity. It
is to the credit of his representative,
Maurice Axelrod, that Mr. Cutler has been
guided to do these magnificent things in be-
half of higher learning and for charitable
Mr. Cutler is descended from a family of
scholars. His father was a great Talmudist
and an author, a man of learning and of
great piety. The son has .learned well from
an eminent father and the Jewish com-
munities here and in Israel will know how
fully to measure gifts of this generous De-
Carter's Humanism Consistency
President Jimmy Carter, in his message
to Nobel Peace Prize Laureate Andrei
Sakharov, added power to his position as
defender of human rights wherever the
need for such support may emerge.
It was a vitally needed and timely mes-
sage because the Helsinki decisions, in
which the USSR was a major participant,
had come under question.
It was a gesture especially needed at
a time when dissidents of all faiths and Jews
who are suffering oppression in the So-viet
Union were clamoring for aid from overseas
in efforts to seek refuge from oppressive
President Carter's consistency in up-
holding the banner of freedom for all,
wherever they may be, under the acknowl-
edged principle that subjugation of liberties
anywhere endanger human rights
everywhere is a rule never to be abandoned.
The American ideal of justice for all has
gained a courageous defender in President
Carter and the hope now to be entertained is
that the President will never abandon the
principle to which he has given so much sig-
nificance by his courageous act.
The President's courageous moves con-
sistently backing human rights tasks
abroad, in addition to upholding civil rights
aims in this country, suggests another obli-
gation. It is the developing duty to prevent
the spread of barbarism akin to the bes-
tialities that mark the rule of Idin Amin in
President Carter deserves a strong
commendation for joining world public opin-
ion in condemning savagery and barbarism
When the Ugandan mass murderer —
he is charged with the brutal killing of any-
where from 50,000 to 300,000 people in his
country — boasted of his hatred for Jews
and Israel and deplored Hitler's having
murdered only the Six Million, there was
mere shrugging of the shoulders. He was,
considered a clown and was not taken seri- -
ously. But since then he has pursued the
policy of mass murdersand it is well that the
crimes should be viewed as a crime against
humanity and should not be ignored by
International condemnation of the
Ugandan barbarian must renew examples
of the paSt, when protests were launched
against Hitlerism in the 1930s and 1940s,
against Czarist pogroms in the early years
of this century, against Romanian persecu-
tions at the turn of the century.
Barbarism must not be condoned. A
voice against Amin today may prove to be a
voice against barbarians in the future:
President Carter has an opportunity, while
striving for enforcement of human rights
everywhere, also to speak out against bar-
barism. His speaking out is another mark of
leadership in humanism.
Agonies and Triumphs
as the 'Last of the Patriarchs'
To the well-known English-Jewish writer Barnet Litvinoff,
Chaim Weizmann is "the last of the Patriarchs." This is how the
London novelist and essayist describes the first President of
Israel in the subtitle to his biography, "Weizmann", published
in this country by. Putnam.
This detailed account of Weizmann's life has special signifi-
cance as a supplement to the many works already written about
the eminent world Zionist leader because it deals intimately
with the leader named as the nominal head of the Jewish state
and the depressing state of inaction in which he was left by the
successors to diplomatic posts to whom the man who had led
Zionists in statesmanship had now become a mere figurehead.
Weizmann the scientist as well as the Zionist ideologist who
rose to acknowledged heights as a diplomat is the subject of this
new biography that lends intimacy to an eminent personality in
Jewish history and also on the world scene.
His many involvements with the British as well as his con-
flicts with the challengers in opposition forces in the Zionist
movement receive due emphasis in this notable work.
As diplomat he had the closest ties not only with Arthur
James Balfour, who authored the
Balfour Declaration under Wei z-
mann's inspiration, but also with
Lloyd George and other British
The very title of the book at once
indicates the admiration of biog-
rapher for his hero. But the details of
storm and stress in the life of Weiz-
mann are not ignored.
And Litvinoff gives due atten-
tion to the family life, to the agonies
in relation to the cause to which
Weizmann dedicated himself as well
as to the agonies that left deep
marks on the man of passion for his
people which earned for him the pat-
riarchal role envisioned by Litvinoff.
He was the first President of Is-
rael. And that, too, had its sadness. As the presidency of the
state for whose rebirth' he labored so zealously was finally
framed into the figurehead position, Weizmann found himself
man without a voice in the fulfillment of a dream that becalm
reality. He had his differences with David Ben-Gurion, anti-
there was a mark of bitterness in the presidential image.
'New Writing in Israel'
A new gePeration of_ poets and short story writers has
emerged in Israel.
Notable works by members of the new generation of Israeli
authors are included in. the Schocken-published "New Writing.
Co-edited by Ezra Spicehandler and Curtis Arnson, the 18
authors included for participation in this volume include prom-
ising poets and short story writers.
While most of the authors are the most recent additions to
the Israeli literati, this impressive Shocken paperback com-
mences With stories by the veteran Nobel Prize Winner Shmuel
Agnon and by' YehudaAmijai.