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February 25, 1977 - Image 16

Resource type:
Text
Publication:
The Detroit Jewish News, 1977-02-25

Disclaimer: Computer generated plain text may have errors. Read more about this.

• •

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THE DETROIT *JEWISH NEWS

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Carter Continues Rights Campaign; Refuseniks Stage Protest

WASHINGTON —
President Jimmy Carter
has continued to speak
out in behalf of human
rights in the Soviet Un-
ion. Soviet physicist An-
drei Sakharov received
an unprecedented per-
sonal letter in Moscow
from Carter last week in
which Carter said the
U.S. would continue to
seek the release of pris-
oners of conscience.
The White House an-
nounced Tuesday that
Carter will meet next

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week with exiled Russian
Monday's demonstra-
biologist
Vladimir tions in the Soviet Union
Bukovsky, who spent followed an appeal last
seven years in Soviet week issued by 163 lead-
Labor camps after pro- ing refuseniks who said
testing the Russian inva- that the "situation in
siori of Czechoslovakia in which would-be emig-
1968. rants are brought to utter
Meanwhile, more than despair by being con-
60 Soviet Jewish refus- stantly refused —quite il-
niks converged Monday legally — for many years,
on the Presidium in Mos- can no longer be toler-
cow and peacefully de- ated."
manded to know, in writ-
The text was addressed
ing, why they were being to all heads of nations
refused permission to which signed the Helsinki
emigrate and when the Agreement, the U.S. Con-
ban on their emigration gress and its Helsinki
would be lifted. • Commission, and the
In addition, 150 de- British Parliament, ac-
monstrators in 12 other cording to the Student
cities held similar pro- Struggle for Soviet Jewry
tests. Soviet authorities and Union of Councils for
generally rejected the pro- Soviet Jews.
testors' demands, al-
The signers stated that
though the Ukrainian par- the Soviet practice of oral
liament in Kiev told the denials of, emigration
protestors they would be "without a time limit to
given an answer at an un- the refusal and without
specified date. any legal basis are a di-
-, In New York, reaction rect violation of the spirit
was immediate, the Na- and letter of the Conven-
tional and Greater New ant on Civil and Political
York Conference on Rights, ratified and
Soviet Jewry reported. signed by the USSR in
Thousands of tele- 1976.
grams supporting the
"We emphatically in-
demonstrators were dis- sist that all those illegally
patched to Soviet .offi- prevented from leaving
cials. Community groups shall be quickly given
affiliated with the Grea- permission; alternately,
ter New York Conference they should be given for-
asked every member of mal statements in writ-
the New York Congres- ing with the official, legal
sional delegation to corn- -reasons for refusal, and
municate with Soviet stating the period of time
Ambassador Anatoly the refusal_will stay in ef-
Dobrynin, the State De- .feat, in accordance with
partment, other Ameri- existing laws and regula-
can officials, and the tions." the appeal stated.
Soviet government, the Signers include Vla-
deeply felt concern held dimir Slepak, Profs. Ale-
by members of Congress xander.Lerner and Mark
for the scores of de- Azbel, Dina Beilina and
monstrators and the Ida Nudel of Moscow,
thousands of Soviet Jews Felix Aronovich and Ale-
they _represent. xander Yampdlsky of
Leningrad, Dr. Eitan
Finkelstein of Vilnius,
Grigory Hess and Lev Ov-
sisher from Minsk, Vla-
dimir Kislik of Kiev, Yuri
Berkovsky
of
Novosibirsk, Yaakov
Gordin of Riga, the Golds-
tein family of Tibilisi, and
Benor Gurfel of Tallin.
In a related develop-
ment, the SSSJ reported
that 29 U.S. Congressmen
have cabled protests to
Soviet Communist Party
Secretary Leonid
Brezhnev and Soviet Am-
bassador Anatoly Dobry-
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U-M Symposium
on Dissidence Set

The Hillel Committee
for Soviet Jewry at the
University of Michigan is
, organizing a symposium
on Soviet Dissidence to be
held at the Michigan
Union on campus, March
27-30. Topics will include
the direction and nature
of the dissidence move-
ment, the persecution of
Jews and refusniks, and
the plight of the prisoners
of conscience..
The committee distri-
buted 2,000 leaflets at the
Feb. -10 performance in
Ann- Arbor of the Lenin-
grad Symphony. The leaf-
lets protested persecu-
tion of Jews in the Soviet
Union and made special
reference to "Soviet sup-
pression of artistic free:
dom."

nin over the arrests of 10-day visit to participate
Yuri Orlov and Alexander in a congress on "cultural
Ginzburg of Moscow, lead- exchanges." The visit
ers of the unofficial .Hel- marks one of the few
sinki Agreement "watch- cases since the 1967 Six-
dog committee." The Day War that Israelis
committee has two Jewish have been granted visas
refusitik members, Vla- to enter the Soviet Un-
dimir Slepak and Anatoly i on .
Sharansky, both reported
• The Soviet govern-
under greatly increased ment has withheld a for-
KGB pressure.
mal decision on whether
Meanwhile, 36 U.S. it will grant Sen. Richard
Senators have cautioned Stone (D-Fla.) a visa for
Brezhnev that continued an official trip to the
imprisonment of Amner SoViet Union, but it has
Zavurov, an Uzbekistan not formally denied his
Jew who sought to emig- application.
rate to Israel, "will only
Stone said he thinks the .
cause new strain in
Soviet relations with the Soviet government does
not want to "confront the
rest of the world."
issue of human rights with
The New
York State
a direct
refusal of my v
Senate
unanimously
pas-
request."
sed a resolution calling
He added that "its
for Zavurov's release.
In other developments: equivocal way of handl-
• The Canadian House ing the matter under-
of Commons has unanim- scores the increasing re-
violations
of
ously censured the Soviet ports
human of rights
and a se-
Union for the arrest of
four dissidents — Ale- vere, crackdown on dissi-
xander Ginzburg, Nikolai dents in that country."
Nevertheless, Stone said
Rodenko, Alexy Tikhy he is encouraged by the
and Yuri Orlov. The al- fact that his application
most asked
unprecedented
mo- was not officially turned
tion
the Minister,

for External Affairs, Don down.
Jamieson, to express Par- , • The New York Con-
ference on Soviet Jewry
liament's "disappoint- has established a year-
ment the
and incarceration
deep concern"
over
of long series of daily pro-
the -human rights ac- tests in front of the
Aerflot offices in New
tivists.
• Spear-headed by Pur- - York. The noon-timepro-
due University Bnai tests will be supported by
Brith Hillel Foundation Congressmen, church,
student leaders, West youth and synagogue
Lafayette, Ind., became gro'ups.
• Prisoner of conscience
one of the first towns in
the nation to rally as a Leib Knokh is bleeding
community on behalf of internally, according to
human rights in the information reaching the
Soviet Union. , National Conference on
A four-day human rights Soviet Jewry. Sentenced
program was held involv- to 10 years in a strict re-
ing the mayors of gime camp, all pleas to
Lafayette and
West have Knokh removed to
Lafayette, and petitions medical facilities have
containing 3,500 signa- been unanswered. He was
tures were presented to one of 11 defendants in
Indiana Congressmen for the first Leningrad trial
presentation to the Soviet in December, 1970.
Ambassador in Washing-
Having previously re-
ton.
nounced his Soviet citi-
• Soviet Jewish activist zenship, Knokh claimed
Piotr Roitburg, a leading that he was, no longer
figure in the Jewish cul- under the jurisdiction of a
tural movement in the Soviet court and refused to
USSR, was granted per- answer any questions dur-
mission to emigrate on ing his trial pertaining to
the same day he applied anyone other than the de-
for an exit visa.
fendants. His wife and
• Four Israeli j our- child are now living in Is-
nalists are in Moscow on a rael.

eA

ii

4101

4

•- ■

4

* * *

January Emigration Increases

JERUSALEM (JTA) — compared to 49.3 percent
A slight rise in emigra- in 1976. Immigration from
tion during January was other parts of the world
noted in the monthly re- - remained stable or showed
port of the Jewish Agen- an increase.
cy's immigration de-
Increases were regis-
partment. According to tered among olim from
the report, arrivals num- South Africa, according
bered 1,648 compared to to Max MiodOwnik,
1,506 during January, chairman of the Israel
1976.
branch of the South AV —
It was slightly lower can ZioniSt Federatio
than the January 1975 fi- He said the Federation
pure of 1,747.
offices now interview
The number of immig- about 200 olim a week
rants from the Soviet compared to 50 six
111
Union increased but months ago. He said that
there was a small de- aliya activities have in-
f-1
crease in the number creased to. an extent that
from all of Eastern private homes a-re no
Europe compared to the longer adequate to hold
same month last year.
meetings.
The Jewish Agency re-
Miodownik predicted
ported that the rate of. thpa the number of olim
noshrim (dropouts) among from South Africa will
So iet Jews who reached reach 1,200 this year,
Vienna was 58. percent double_last year's figure.

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