16 Friday, February 18, 1977
THE DETROIT JEWISH NEWS
Jewish Legion Reunion Set Report Finds,Israel Lacking
Some 10,000 volunteers in Care to Older immigrants
BALTIMORE — The
formation of the Jewish. from around the world
Legion 60 years ago will joined the Legion in
be celebrated at a reun- World War I to help the
ion of the surviving British drive the Turks
Jewish Legion volunteers from Palestine. David
and their families May Ben-Gurion; Levi Eshkol,
Yitzhak Ben-Zvi and
9-12 in Israel.
many other leaders of Is-
"COMPLETE ALTERATIONS1 rael were members of the
BY UZI BENZIMAN
(Copyright 1977, JTA, Inc.)
JERUSALEM — The
network of services for
older new immigrants is
than that for older citi-
zens in Israel. Yet, there
are several problem areas
in the network which con-
The annual reunion will strict its functioning.
be held at the Jewish Leg- This is the main convul-
Cleaners & Tailors
ion Museum in Avi-chail, sion of a survey of prog-
Expert Drapery Cleaning
rams and services for
older new immigrants
Knits & Sweaters
Details about the reun- - completed recently by
Suede & Leather
ion and a tour group Yehiel Eran and Gerda
being organized from the
Friedheim and published
U.S. are available from
GET OUR LOWEST PRICES
by the Brookdale Insti-
William Braiterman, 32
tute for Gerontology and
24709 Coolidge at 10 Mile
E. Lanvale St., Baltimore
Adult Human Develop-
Across from Dexter Davison
ment, a Jerusalem in-
stitution of the Joint Dis-
The proportion of el-
derly people, 65 and over,
in Israel -has increased
from 3.8 percent of the
population in 1948 to 8.1
at percent in 1974. It is pre-
dicted that by 1980 the el-
derly will account for 9.5
CALL BUS. MI 4-1930
percent of the Israeli
1350 N. WOODWARD, BIRMINGHAM
population. The propor-
tion of older new immig-
rants among the entire
immigrant population, on
the other hand, is already
formerly of Detroit, Mich,
9.9 percent. -
The researchers point
serving you in Florida
out that the total of ser-
with quality brand name
vices for older new im-
migrants comprises three
furniture at discount prices.
separate networks: the
general network of ser-
• American of Martinsville
vices for older citizens in
Israel; the general net-
work of services for all
new immigrants; and the
• A Complete Line of convertibles and
special services for older
new immigrants (not av-
ailable to other Israelis —
Special orders Accepted
or other immigrants).
The very fact that it is
made up of three separate
networks; each of which is
2930 N. Federal Hwy.
administered by several
(305) 561-0600 Ft. Lauderdale, Fia. 33308. organizations,
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customer. No song-and-dance. No double-talk. No
run-around. Just "straight-talk" and really "down-to-earth"
prices on Buicks, Opels and Hondas. You get the car you
want at the price we quoted. And, you know, it must be
working because we're the Buick sales leader in this area.
Telegraph Road just south of 12 Mile / opposite Tel-Twelve Mall
We lease all makes and models.
Israeli experts believe
that immigration and
emigration figures for Is-
rael will be nearly the
ame in 1977 as last year.
They predict there will be
20,000 olim, while 14,000
are expected to leave the
In 1976, the figures
were 20,000 and 14,000,
while in 1975 there were
21,000 new arrivals while
20,000 left the country.
The experts also believe
there will be 60,000 un-
employed in Israel in 1977,
up from 41,000 and that the
inflation rate will be 31
They expect the trade
deficit to rise by .$3.3 bill-
ion, $100 million greater
than in 1976, and the
foreign debt to rise by $1.1
billion to $10.1 billion by
the end of 1977.
confusing situation for
older new immigrants who
have to deal with many
bureaucracies, they say.
Moreover, it often causes
duplication and/or lack of
continuity of care.
In spite of all the vari-
ous arrangements there
are still services lacking
in the areas of housing,
employment and health.
Most services are
nation-wide but some of
the personal services,
such as social activities,
recreation and counsel-
ing, are community-
based and carried out in
and by local communities.
Often, they differ from
one community to
another in scope and con-
tent due to local initia-
tives and conditions.
In the area of income-
tion of older new - immig-
rants is often less favora-
ble than that of the vete-
ran older citizens.
Older new immigrants
coming from countries al-
lowing free emigration
have fewer rights in areas
of housing and institutioal
care than other newcom-
ers. Such policies and
practices have been de-
termined on the basis of
the erroneous assumption
that immigrants from
affluent countries are al-
ways better off economi-
cally and are therefore
less in need.
Among older new im-
migrants there seems to
be a lack of awareness of,
and familiarity with,
their rights and the ser-
vices available to them.
Consequently, there may
be considerable problems
regarding the "take up"
of the benefits to which
they are, or should be,
— When Israel relin-
quished- the Sinai oil
fields at Abu Rodeis to
the Egyptians in 1975, it
did 'so on an American
guarantee that its oil re-
quirements would be
adequately served from
other sources. That
pledge, according to
sources, is being fully
. . . and Me'
(Copyright 1977, JTA, Inc.)
FAMILY EROSION: Jewish family life is now
undergoing in this country what community leaders
consider "catastrophic changes."
It has been the family, as an institution, that
cemented Jewish life and traditions everywhere since
biblical times. No religio-ethnic community has been
more prideful of the place and import of the family as a
shaper of values and as an instrument of creative con-
tinuity. Today, the viability of the family as an institu-
tion is put more and more under question.
The link between parents and children in Jew)
families is getting weaker with every year. No for
do many children of college age choose to live w-
their parents. Elderly parents, who always generated
warmth in the family, no longer share the dwellings of
their sons and daughters.
• The disintegration of Jewish family life is caused
to a very great extent by the constantly growing
number of divorces. It is produced by the fact that
sexual patterns and values are changing and by the
acceptance of the fact that one can live in "free love."
It has to do with the ambition of many young Jewish
women to build a career for themselves rather than to
conduct a home and to raise a family. It is also due to
the ambition of young Jewish men who prefer to con-
centrate on making more money and taking more out
of life than on carrying the burden of supporting a
It has to do with the fact that childlessness has
become socially acceptable among Jews; that there is
no stigma for failure of marriage, and there is no pre-
sumption of permanence; that more Jews marry later
than other groups and that when they separate, they
do not intend to re-marry but prefer to live in freedom.
If they happen to have a child, they become "single
parents" placing the child in some institution — and in
camps for the summer — and visiting them at their
Then, of course, there is the question of "mobility"
— of family members looking for jobs in other cities
and thus becoming estranged froth the family. A study
of the Council of Jewish Federations has established
that about 60 percent of Jews aged between 30 and 34
were in a different city in 1970 from where they were in
1965 and that more than 60 percent of those aged 25-29
were planning to move.
GREAT ANXIETY: Deeply concerned that the dis-
integration of Jewish family life may affect Jewish
continuity — in addition to the constantly growing
intermarriage which in some parts of the country now
involve about 50 percent of all the Jewish marriages —
Jewish communities and national organizations are
beginning to study the problem of the erosion of the
Jewish family as a potential "problem Number One"
for American Jewry.
Analytical studies on the subject are now being
conducted, or initiated, by the American Jewish Com-
mittee, the Council of Jewish Federations and others.
Programs are being mapped aimed at checking the
growth of family disintegration. I have before me a
number of such studies outlining the implications for
the Jewish community which the weakening Jewish
family carries. One of the best is by Prof. Gerald B.
Bubis, director of the School ofJewish Communal Ser-
vice of the Hebrew Union College — Jewish Institute
of Religion in Los Angeles. There ar others by expert
Jewish sociologists, including one by Yehuda Rosen-
man, head of the Jewish Communal Affairs Depart-
ment of the American Jewish Committee:.
All studies conclude that the instability in the life'
of married couples and the apparent discontinuity in
the transmission of values from parents to children
constitute a serious threat to Jewish identity and con-
tinuity. Also, that something must be done — and done
speedily by the organized Jewish community and its
agencies to develop policy and guidelines for educa-
tional and advocacy programs with regard to t'
VARIATIONS NOTED: Prof. Bubis does not agree
with those who too pessimistically conclude that the
Jewish family is lost as an institution for the future.
His analysis tells a "good-news, bad-news" story.
He enumerates all the difficulties and tensions
which many Jewish families are experiencing today,
but he also stresses that some 70 percent of Jewish
marriages in America make it through life, and tha -,
less than one in four over the age of 30 is likely to
remarry, no matter what they think of marriage now,
when they are of a mind to remain in a 'single state
Prof. Bubis advances the thought that there is no
one kind of Jewish family. There are, he says, various
types ofJewish families, whose Jewish hues range far
beyond the pale of white to the richest of Jewish col-
oration regardless of denominational persuasion.