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February 04, 1977 - Image 53

Resource type:
The Detroit Jewish News, 1977-02-04

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Friday, February 4, 1977 53

`Wanted!' Indicts U.S. on Nazi Criminals


New York Times part-
time reporter Howard
Blum, at the age of 22,
saw a routine U.S. Immi-
gration and Naturaliza-
tion Service story seeking
information about sus-
pected war criminals.
That "routine" item
developed into 4 1/2 years
of research and more
than 700 interviews lead-
ing to "Wanted! The
Search for Nazis in
America," published by
Quadrangle/New York
Times Book Co.
Although Blum focuses
on four suspected war
criminals, including
Michigan's Romanian
Archbishop Valerian (Vio-
rel) Trifa, the overriding
theme of the book is asking
the question "Why?"
• Why have a number of
files of suspected Nazis
disappeared from INS of-
fices? Included among
throughout the country is
the transcript of Arch-
bishop Trifa's testimony
when he was granted citi-
zenship in 1957.
• Why is Richard M. Ni-

xon's name linked to sev-
eral of the Nazi criminals,
including Trifa, and how
much pressure was put on
the INS by Congressmen
in protecting a number of
people on INS inves-
tigator Tony DeVito's
private list of 59 'sus- -
pected war criminals?
• Why has it taken the
U.S. government 25 years
to begin action?
Blum and DeVito be-
lieve a plot by ex-Nazis in
the Odessa organization
have contributed heavily
to the mysterious disap-
pearance of files and in-
action by INS.
If there is any fault in
Blum's book, it is the al-
most fictitious air given to
DeVito's hard facts. Un-
fortunately, the suspected
Nazis, the disappearing
evidence and the govern-
mental foot-dragging are
hard facts.
Blum, in an interview
this week, expressed the
hope that his book has at
last stirred the U.S. gov-
"U.S. Representatives
(Joshua) Eilberg and
(Elizabeth) Holtzman

have pushed for a Gen-
eral Accounting Office
investigation of the Im-
migration and Naturali-
zation Service," he said.
"And (Attorney General)
Griffin Bell was asked
about the charges at his
conformation hearings
and promised he would
look into it."
Blum said Bell was
shocked by the allega-
Blum describes DeVito
as a courageous inves-
tigator who was forced to
retire from the INS.

velop the list two years
ago, when the charges
were filed?"

* * *

Nazi Hunters
on TV Show .

Howard Blum, author
of "Wanted! The Search
for Nazis in America,"
and former Immigration
and Naturalization Serv-
ice investigator Tony
DeVito will be inter-
viewed on the Lou Gor-
don program, 10 p.m. Feb.
13 on WKBD-TV (Ch. 50).
* * *

Besides Trifa, the four
cases documented in Chicago Resident
"Wanted!" include
Tscherim (Tom) Soob- Charged as Nazi
zokov, a Democratic Party
official in Passaic County, `Justice Department
New Jersey; Andrija Ar- acted last week in federal
tukovic of Surfside, Calif., court here to revoke the
who is accused of arrang- naturalized citizenship of
ing with Eichman the a German-born Chicago
death of thousands ofJews resident, Frank Walus,
as Croatian interior minis- 54, on the grounds that he
ter during World War II; failed in his citizenship
and Boleslays Maikovskis application to disclose he
of Mineola, N.Y.
had been a wartime
member of the Nazi Ges-
The government has tapo or had committed
now filed new charges war crimes, including
against Trifa, Artukovic murders of Jews.
and Maikovskis for en-
The charges against
tering the country illeg- Walus, who was not
ally. Federal attorneys available for comment,
predict, however, that it stemmed from informa-
will take many years be- tion supplied by Simon
fore the cases and any re- Wiesenthal, the Nazi
Oliver said the commis- sulting appeals are hunter.
sion's documentation is heard.
Attached to the civil
being prepared for an in-
complaint was an affidavit
Howard Blum, now 27, from the U.S. Immigra-
ternational meeting in
Belgrade later this year is in the midst of a 28-city tion and Naturalization
at which the 35 sig- U.S. tour promoting his Service, charging seven
natories to the Helsinki book, which is into its specific acts of atrocity by
agreement are to review third printing in less than Walus and asserting he
how well its human rights a month.
was "particularly active in
provisions are being
the merciless beating and
A former writer for the mistreatment" of Jews in
adhered to..
Village Voice, he will join Czestochowa and Kielce in
In New York, the the New York Times as a occupied Poland.
greater New York Confer- full-time investigative
Walus obtained citizen-
ence on Soviet Jewry will reporter when he com- ship in 1970, 11 years
launch a daily "freedom pletes his promotional after coming to this coun-
vigil" this month "to re- tour.
try from Poland as a
mind the Soviets that we
Polish national. The gov-
will not be deterred in our
But alleged. Nazis in e-rnment. wants his citi-
efforts to gain freedom for America are not far from zenship revoked) so that
Jews in the USSR."
his mind. "Trifa gave a he can be deported, prob-
It will be conducted deposition last week," he ably to Poland.
Walus has 60 days to
each day between noon said. "Why does the U.S.
and 1 p.m. in front of the attorney say he is now answer the complaint.
mid-Manhattan offices of going to develop a list of Court action will begin
witnesses? Why not de- then.

129 Congressmen Back Resolve

Monitoring Soviet Jews ' Emigration

WASHINGTON (JTA) rynin at a meeting in the
— A substantial number White House that the
of members of both U.S. will not back down on
houses of Congress have its commitment to
put their signatures on a strengthen human rights
concurrent resolution in the Soviet Union and
serving notice to the elsewhere. The President
Soviet government that made it clear, according
they are continuing to to a White House state-
watch with concern the ment, that "we are not at-
harassment of Jews and tacking the Soviet Union,
other minorities in the but we are expressing our
commitment on human
Soviet Union.
The resolution, spon- rights."
Criticizing the resolu-
sored by Sen. Frank
Church (D-Idaho) and tion, the Soviety news
Rep. Toby Moffett (D- agency Tass said that
Conn.) had garnered 42 Sen. Church and others of
signatures in the Senate "his ilk" should concern
and 87 in the House from themselves with viola-
members of both parties. tions of human and ethnic
It states that the rights in America rather
harassment "profoundly than lecture other coun-
offends the conscience of tries.
Meanwhile, — Vladimir
a free people" and resol-
ves that the "sustained Lerner, son of Prof. Alek-
interest of the American sander Lerner, Moscow
people be conveyed to the Jewish activist, has been
Soviet government re- refused an exit visa for the
garding adherence to the third time, the National
Helsinki declaration." Conference on Soviety
The resolution points out Jewry said.
that the Helsinki accords
In a related develop-
include free movement of ' ment, the U.S. commis-
people, reunification of sion established to
families and general monitor the Helsinki ag-
freedom to emigrate.
reement plans to inter-
Moffett said in a floor view Soviet emigres to
speech Tuesday that it was Vienna, Rome and Tel
"imperative" for the Con- Aviv as away of assessing
gress to "express the con- the Soviet compliance
cern of the American with its human rights
people to the Soviet gov- provisions.
ernment. - He said that
Spencer Oliver, staff di-
"while the number of Jews
of the Commission
allowed to leave the Soviet
and Coopera-
union has risen in the past
few months, ostensibly to tion in Europe, a joint
improve relations with the body of Congress and the
new administration, there White House, told the an-
are reportedly still Jews in nual plenary of the Na-
Soviety prison camps and tional Jewish Community
as many as 125,000 activist Relations Advisory
in Miami Beach
Jews who desire to leave Council
Soviet Union
the country."
The House will conduct - and other Eastern Eu-
hearings.later this month ropean countries won't
on the subject of human let us in, we plan to meet
with people who got out so
rights in the USSR.
Meanwhile, President that they can describe to
Carter told Soviet Am- us the gauntlet they were
bassador Anatoly F. Dob- foced to run."

Immigration Stays at 1975 Levels

Immigration to Israel in
1976 amounted to about
20,000, roughly the same
as in 1975, but the sources
of immigration changed
somewhat, reflecting un-
stable political, economic
and social conditions in
certain countries, accord-
ing to Uzi Narkis, direc-
tor general of the Jewish
Agency's immigration
In his annual report
presented to the World
Zionist Organization
Executive, Narkis noted
a drop in aliya from East
ern Europe. an increase
from Latin America,
mainly Argentina, and a
Continuing rise in the
drop-out rate among
Soviet Jewish emigrants
after they reach Vienna.
He reported that of
14,264 Jews. who left Rus-
sia last year, 7,030 opted
to go to countries other
than Irael, representing

a drop-out rate of 49 per-
cent compared to 37 per-
cent in -1975 and -19 per-
cent in 1974.
He said the drop-outs
were mainly froM Eu-
ropean Russia and the
large cities.

Soviet Jews who leave the
with Israeli visas.
Narkis reported that
for the past three years
aliya from France has ac-
counted for one-half of all
aliya from Western eu-


He reported that aliya
Narkis said in his re-
port that the "Committee was on the rise from South
of Eight" appointed last Africa. It amounted to 583
summer to find a solution- olim last year compared to
to the drop-out problem 415 in 1975 and 432 in 1974.
"has not yet reached its
Narkis also reported
conclusion because of that about 30 of the
sharp disagreement Jewish Agency's 80
among its members."
shlikhim (emissaries)
The committee, now 'currently abroad will re-
consisting of 10 members, turn to Israel this year
comprising representa- and will be replaced by
tives of the Israeli gov- emissaries elected, for
ernment, the Jewish the first time, by- public
Agency and major over- ballot.
seas Jewish organiza-
tions, concentrated
Hirschensohn refers to
mainly on the Jewish
Agency's demand that a family of rabbis who
HIAS and the Joint Dis- were among the first in
tribution Committee stop the revival of settlement
providing financial assis- in Eretz Israel in the 19th
tance to drop-outs — Century.

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