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THE JEWISH NEWS
A Weekly Review
VOL. LXX, No. 20
of Jewish Events
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Israeli Political Acumen
Is Now Put to the Test
Hbittered Shouts for a 'Change' Echo Everywhere, Yet
Predictions are that the Target - The Party - Will Retain
Limited Dominance, Defying Prevalent Anger.
By PHILIP SLOMOVITZ
TEL AVIV - When the Swedish Labor Party suffered a
crushing defeat a year ago, after 40 years of governmental domi-
nance, many in the Medina and the Diaspora began to pose the
question whether such a political shock can happen in Israel.
From earliest times, beginning with the first Aliyot, more than 70
years ago, first the Poale Zion, then the Histadrut, subsequently
Mapai and presently through the Ma'arakh - the coalition -
Labor ruled nearly everywhere, first in the Palestinian Jewish
settlements and then in Israel.
The first partial defeat came after the Yom Kippur War, with
an impressive triumph for Menahem Begin's Likud Party. It
wasn't enough to gain ascendancy, but it was a partial rebuke.
Labor, Mapai, felt it only through the period of an agreement for
a coalition. Dominance continued - until Arik Sharron, the hero
of the last war; Yigal Yadin, first Chief of Staff and the noted
archaeologist; and smaller groups began to threaten the forma-
tion of challenging parties. It was all aimed at Yitzhak Rabin,
who now heads the caretaker government.
Perhaps he still is the darling of the Party. He has strong
opposition in his own ranks, especially from Shimon Peres, who
may, indeed, be the next Prime Minister, and to a lesser degree
from Abba Eban. But the chief opposition comes in the form of a
demand for a Change - with Shinui - Change! -
So far, so old the analysis. These are timeworn facts. But they
need repetition for an understanding and appreciation of a crisis
that affects an entire nation and may have its effects on world
Israel's Parliament, the Knesset, has been dissolved. The
country's prime minister heads a caretaker government. Loss of
faith in an old regime has developed into anger in nearly every
area and the next administration may become involved in new
and changing foreign policies which may alter many of the cur-
rent and what have been viewed as established policies into fears
and suspicions that may prove crucial in neighborly as well as
Because Shinui now is the motto it is thepeople of Israel who
are being put to the test. How will they react? Will it still be The
Party or will a developing rebellion send the former adminis-
trators to the showers?
While the emphasis an change commenced in the title of Yigal
Yadin's new party - Democratic Movement for a Change - the
change portion embedded in Shinui is what took root. Like the
demands for changes in the United States after Truman, from
3 17 as
(Continued on Page 2)
$10.00 Per Year; This Issue 30 0
January 21, 1977
Scorned By Israel
JERUSALEM•- Israeli officials are publicly refuting the official French explana-
tion of the legal technicalities that led France to release Palestinian terrorist Abu
Daoud, the self-confessed organizer of the massacre of 11 Israeli athletes at the 1972
Olympic Games in Munich.
France has officially claimed that Israeli authorities "made it known" that a war-
rant for Daoud's arrest had been issued by the Israeli judiciary on the basis of Daoud's
role as an alleged perpetrator of the massacre. The communique acknowledged that
under the Franco-Israeli extradition convention, the person in question could be ar-
rested provisionally with a view to extradition.
"The Chambre d'Accusation (of the appeals court) noted that the actions cited had been
committed outside Israel by persons not having Israeli nationality and at a time when
Franch law did not authorize the prosecution in France of such actions committed in a -
foreign country by a foreigner. It therefore decided that under the last paragraph of Article
3 of the law of March 10, 1927, no action could be taken on the request by the Israeli
authorities by virtue of these facts."
The Israel Foreign Ministry, however; refuted the French contentions point by
• The extradition treaty between France and Israel was signed Nov. 12, 1958 and
ratified Nov. 14, 1971. It is on the basis of this convention that Claude Lipsky was
extradited to France in November, 1971, and that other extraditions to France have
since been granted.
• The murders in Munich were committed in September, 1972 but even had they been
committed previously, Article 23 of the treaty expressly states that it also applies to
crimes committed prior to its entry into force.
• It has been alleged that the amendment to the Israeli law conferring jurisdiction
upon Israeli courts in respect of acts of terrorism committed outside Israel was passed
by the Knesset only on March 1, 1973. This is not correct. The amendment took effect on
March 28, 1972, i.e., prior to the Munich murders.
• The argument that in 1972 French courts had no jurisdiction over terrorist acts
committed outside French territory -has no force since article 55 of the French constitu-
tion of Oct. 4, 1958 expressly states that in the event of a contradiction between an
international treaty and French law the treaty shall be applied.
France has responded harshly to the criticism it has received. The French Foreign
Ministry in Paris called in the American Charge d'Affaires Samuel Gammon to tell him that
France rejected U.S. criticism of its legal action as "inadmissible appreciation of the acts of
In a radio interview, Minister of Interior Michel Poniatovsky rapped all those who
criticized French policy by saying "France does not preach at others and will not allow
others to preach to it."
French authorities were especially irked by the State Department's statement last
(Continued on Page 6)
Jewish Population Estimate Dips to 14,145,000
NEW YORK - The world Jewish population is
estimated at 14,145,000 according to the American
Jewish Year Book, whose 1977 edition has just been
published. This figure represents a drop of 86,000 from
the population cited in' last year's issue. The United
States, with approximately 5,845,000 Jews, has the
largest Jewish population in the world.
The Year Book, an authoritative record of events
and trends in Jewish life, is published jointly by the
(.4.merican Jewish Committee and the Jewish Publica-
\--ion Society of America.
The world Jewish population estimates were
compiled by Leon Shapiro, who teaches Russian and
Soviet Jewish history and is a member of the faculty on
the Soviet Union and Eastern Europe Program at
Rutgers University. The U.S. figures were supplied by
Alvin Chenkin, supervisor of the statistics unit, Coun-
cil of Jewish Federations and Welfare Funds.
After the United States, countries with the largest
Jewish populations are: Israel, 2,953,000; Soviet Union,
2,680,000; France, 550,000; Great Britain, 410,000;
Canada, 305,000; and Argentina, 300,000. Forty-eight
percent of world Jewry is located in North, Central and
South America, 29 percent in Europe, 21 percent in
Asia, 1.5 percent in Africa, and 0.5 percent in Australia
and New Zealand.
In the United States, Jews comprise 2.7 percent of
the total population.
Among. the Jewish population figures for U.S.
cities listed in the Year Book's tables are: Greater New
York, 1,998,000; Los Angeles, 455,000; Philadelphia,
350,000; Chicago, 253,000; Miami, 225,000; Boston,
180,000; Washington, 112,500; Bergen County (N.J.),
100,000; Essex County (N.J.), 95,000; Baltimore, 92,000;
Cleveland, 80,000; Detroit, 80,000; San Francisco,
75,000; St. Louis, 60,000; and Montgomery County
In Europe, according to Shapiro, there are
4,059,345 Jews. Of these, 2,680,000 are in the Soviet
Union. In an ongoing debate on Soviet Jewish popula-
tion statistics, Professor U. 0. Schmelz of the Jewish
demography department of the Institute of Contem-
porary Jewry, Hebrew University, maintains in an
exchange of correspondence with Shapiro in the Year
Book that the Soviet Jewish population today is
"somewhat below two million."
Figures for other European countries include:
Austria, 13,000; Belgium, 40,500; Bulgaria, 7,000;
Czechoslovakia, 12,000; Denmark, 7,000; France,
550,000; Germany, 33,000; Great Britain, 410,000;
Greece, 6,000; Hungary, 80,000; Ireland, 4,000; Italy
35,000; Netherlands, 30,000; Poland, 6,000; Romania,
60,000; Spain, 9,000; Sweden, 15,000; Switzerland,
21,000; Turkey, 30,000; and Yugoslavia, 6,000.
Estimated population for major centers in the
Americas, outside the United States, include: Canada,
305,000; Argentina, 300,000; Brazil, 165,000; Uruguay,
50,000; Mexico, 37,500; Chile, 27,000; Venezuela, 15,000;
Colombia, 12,000; and Peru, 6,000. The figure for Argen-
tina, which is 175,000 less than that cited in last year's
volume, reflects the view that the previous total may
have been higher than warranted.
In Asia, the only major centers of Jewish popula-
tion, except for. Israel, are Iran, 80,000, and India,
10,000. In Africa, there are substantial numbers of
Jews only in South Africa, 118,000; Morocco, 30,000;
Ethiopia, 20,000; Tunisia, 8,000; and Rhodesia, 4,800.
There are 72,000 Jews in Australia, and 5,000 in New
Among the major world cities outside the United
States where Jews are located are: Amsterdam,
20,000; Antwerp, 13,000; Brussels, 24,500; Bucharest,
40,000; Budapest, 65,000; Cape Town, 25,650; Glasgow,
13,000; Haifa, 210,000; Istanbul 22,000; Jerusalem,
266,000; Johannesburg, 63,000; Kiev, 170,000; Leeds,
18,000; Leningrad, 165,000; London, 280,000; Lyons,
20,000; Manchester, 35,000; Marseille, 65,000; Mel-
bourne, 34,000; Mexico City, 32,500; Milan, 10,000;
Montevideo, 48,000; Montreal, 114,000; Moscow,
285,000; Nice, 20,000; Paris, 300,000; Rio de Janeiro,
50,000; Rome, 15,000; San Paulo, 65,000; Strasbourg,
12,000; Sydney, 28,000; Teheran, 50,000; Tel Aviv-
Jaffa, 394,000; Toronto, 110,000; Toulouse, 18,000; and
The new Year Book is Volume 77 in the annual
series. It is edited by Morris Fine and Milton Himmel-
farb, with Martha Jelenko as executive editor.