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November 26, 1976 - Image 6

Resource type:
Text
Publication:
The Detroit Jewish News, 1976-11-26

Disclaimer: Computer generated plain text may have errors. Read more about this.

6 Friday; Noientber 26, 1976

THE 'DETROIT JEWISH NEWS

Fighting Over Israel Within Truman Administration Revealed

(Continued from Page 1)

attitude" of the Israelis
who, he charged, were
violating the truce,
Lovett urged Marshall to
confer with John Foster
Dulles, later to be Secret-
ary of State in the
Eisenhower Administra-
tion, for "somelirmly ag-
reed course of action bet-
ween any succeeding
Administration and our
present one" to counter
Israel because the plat-
forms of both major par-
ties "strongly support Is-
rael."
Heads of the- Depart-
ments of Defense, State
and the Central Intelli-
gence Agency and a host of
sub-Cabinet officials and
ambassadors desperately
sought to prevent Israel's
birth, the documents show.
They expressed fears of
setback in strategic in-
terests and losses of oil re-

nition of the provisional
government of Israel
might, unless we were
satisfied to its ability,
place the United States
STEVE PETIX
government in the posi-
tion of having relations
formal wear
I
with a government under
for all occasions
Soviet influence."
Henderson, on March
24 in a memorandum to
Marshall, urged that the
U.S. government decide
"once and for all that it
will not permit itself to be
influenced by Zionist
pressure" and that "in-
formal undertakings be
obtained" from Republi-
can and Democratic lead-
ers that "Zionism and
CLARK CLIFFORD
Palestine will not be
venues by antagonizing made an issue in the com-
the Arabs.
ing Presidential cam-
RENTAL
& SALES
Israel was seen as a paign."
DETROIT 862-4517
Communist satellite aid-
Henderson urged, "we
TROY 524-1166
BIRMINGHAM 645-5560
ing the Soviet penetra- should take the lead in cal-
tion of the Middle East. ling upon all American
Tactics were advanced to citizens" to "refrain from
divide world Jewry and taking any action which
- We Make Our Own Glasses
intimidate American might encourage the con-
Jews from supporting tinuation of violence in
HEADQUARTERS CPR
Zionism.
Palestine" and said "it is
= • LATEST DOMESTIC AND
Marshall depended - possible that a carefully
IMPORTED FRAME FASHIONS
heavily on Lovett and planned campaign might
• PRESCRIPTIONS FOR GLASSES
Loy Henderson, chief of result in freeing many
ACCURATELY FILLED
the State Department's American Jews from the
Near East Affairs, for his domination of Zionist ex-
• DESIGNER FRAMES
Palestine policy.
tremists."
In a secret memoran-
While contending the
dum July 21, 1948, nine Palestine problem was in-
• Immediate Repair
• Reasonably Priced
weeks after Israel had ternational and not
ROSEN OPTICAL SERVICE
become a state, Lovett domestic, Marshall ap-
noted the "Irgun and the peared unfamiliar with
13720 W. 9 MILE nr. COOLIDGE
Stern gang were still ac- important facets of it.
U 7 5068
O AK PARK, MICH.
tive in Palestine." He
In a memorandum May
Mon.-Fri. 9:30-6
Sat. 'til 5
"stressed the fact that 12, three days before Is-
Closed Wednesday
premature de jure recog- rael's birth, Marshall
Q.Q
noted_ press reports from
Tel Aviv said that he had
sent a personal message
to -David s Ben-Gurion
"Who was styled in the
United Press (news
agency) dispatch as the
forthcoming President of
the Jewish state."
Marshall added: "I di-
rected, with the Presi-
dent's concurrence, that
GM CARS ONLY.WITH THIS COUPON!!!
no comments be made on
this press story. In actual
fact, no message had been
sent to Mr. Ben-Gurion
and I do not even know
that such a person
existed."
Mon., Dec. 6, 1976 til Friday, Dec. 10 1976
A climacteric on the in-
fighting within the Ad-
ministration was the May
12 White House meeting
Truman called to deter-
mine America's course
after the British Man-
Plugs, Points & Condenser
date terminated May 15.
The Israelis had already
said they would establish
—"Visit Mr. Goodwrench for GM Quality Service & Parts"
a sovereign state that
day.
Marshall's memoran-
dum of that meeting re-
ported that Clifford
"strongly" urged the Pres-
ident to give "prompt rec-
ognition to the Jewish
state" and "before the
WHERE PEOPLE STILL COME FIRST
Soviet Union did so."
Truman's timing, Clifford
held, "would have the dis-
tinct value of restoring the
President's position" for
the Palestine partition
which had been clouded by
oppositionists.
Rebutting Clifford,
Lovett was reported by
Marshall as obseryin "it

Then, pointing to the
"increasingly belligerent

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would be most unbecom-
ing" to recognize Israel
when the U.S. had sought
a truce in Palestine.
Recognition would be
"a very transparent at-
tempt to win the Jewish
vote," Lovett said. "To
recognize the Jewish
State prematurely would
be buying a pig in a poke,"
he argued. "How do we
know what kind of Jewish
state will be set up?" he
asked.
Lovett read excerpts
from intelligence reports
"regarding Soviet activ-
ity in sending Jews and
Communist agents from
Black Sea areas to Pales-
tine."
Previously, Clifford ar-
gued that "American
security and its oil in-
terests" in the Middle
East depend on effective
support of the partition
decision. Permitting war
between Jews and Arabs
with Palestine undivided
under a trusteeship as
the anti-Israeli element
wanted was "the certain
way for Russia to move
into the Arabian penin-
sula" he said.
"In terms of military
necessity, political and
economic self-
preservation will compel
the Arabs to sell their oil to
the United States. Their
need of the United States
is greater than our need of
them," Clifford said.
The State Depart-
ment's position made the
U.S. appear "in the
ridiculous role of trembl-
ing before threats of a few
desert nomadic tribes,"
'Clifford said. "This has
done us irreparable dam-
age. Why should Russia
or Yugoslavia,, or any
other nation, treat us
with anything but con-
tempt in light of our
shilly-shally treatment of
the Arabs. After all, the
only successful opposi-
tion to the Russian ad-
vance has been in Greece
and Turkey (because of

the Truman Doctrine)."
In another outline of
tactics to prevent Israel's
statehood, Samuel Kop-
per of Henderson's office
suggested on Jan. 27, 1948
"abandoning support of
partition as being un-
workable" and to main-
tain the arms embargo to
Jews while Britain con-
tinued to arm the Arabs.
"Those Americans as-
sociated with the Jewish
Agency's activities,"
Kopper concluded, "mus
be given complete and
frank information on how
our vital interests are
being and will be ad-
versely affected by sup-
port of partition."
Ambassador to Iraq
George Wadsworth re-
ported to Henderson on
Feb. 4, 1948, after meet-
ing with Truman, that
U.S. failure to find a way
to reconsider the UN par-
tition resolution by estab-
lishing an Anglo-
American Commission
resulted from "British
bullhead- edness and the
fanaticism of our New
York Jews."

Israeli Women
Win World Chess

. HAIFA — The Israeli
team has won the wo-
men's portion of the
World Chess Olympiad
in Haifa.
The Israeli women de-
feated Australia last
week, two matches to one,
to take an insurmounta-
ble lead in the competi-
tion. The Israeli men's
team--finished in sixth
place.
so
The four Israeli wo-
men's team members are
all recent Soviet immi-
grants.

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