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October 22, 1976 - Image 41

Resource type:
Text
Publication:
The Detroit Jewish News, 1976-10-22

Disclaimer: Computer generated plain text may have errors. Read more about this.

THE DETROIT JEWISH NEWS

Church, Synagogue Groups
'Between You Launch Drive to Aid NAACP

r GIVE YOUR INVITATION '.\

Boris Smolar's

. . and Me'

Editor-in-Chief
Emeritus, JTA

(Copyright 1976, JTA, Inc.)

THE BIG DEBATE: A serious debate is now de-
veloping quietly among leaders of American Jewry. It
_ revolves around the question: should emigration of
Jewish youth to Israel be stimulated to a larger extent
than hitherto?
Israel needs immigration. It needs young blood
from Jewish communities the world over. The sources
for young immigrants to Israel are drying up. The
Jewish community in the United States remains the
greatest reservoir for youth emigrating to Israel. The
Israel government and the Jewish Agency are there-
fore interested in seeing to it that emigration from the
U.S. be intensified.
The Zionist movement in the U.S. has it as one of
its major obligations to inspire emigration from this
country to Israel, especially youth emigration. Non-
Zionist organizations, however, are far from consider-
ing emigration of American Jewish youth as part of
their wholehearted aid to Israel.
Leaders of these organizations assert that
Jewish-minded youth in America are very important
for the continuity of Jewish life in this country and
should not be decimated by emigration to Israel. They
have no objections to the sending of American Jewish
youths and adolescents for visits to Israel, or even for
study there, but they do not cherish the idea of cam-
paigning for Jewish youth emigration to Israel for
permanent settlement there.
Even among prominent Zionist leaders in this
country this idea is not popular. Hadassah women —
the largest element in the American Zionist move-
ment — make no secret of the fact that although they
like to send their children for visits to Israel to get
imbued there with the spirit of the country, they
nevertheless want them to consider the U:S. their
home and would not like to part with them.
THE MAJOR FACTORS: Reduced to its basic
point, the subject under discussion now amounts to
asking: what is more important — concentration on
emigration of American young Jews to Israel, or con-
centration on strengthening Jewish education and
continuity in the United States?
Both are considered important. The difficulty,
however, lies in the fact that a large part of the Jewish
youth in this country — if not the largest — is remote
from Jewish knowledge and can therefore not be con-
sidered a solid source for Jewish continuity in the na-
tional Jewish sense. If, in addition, the more Jewish-
conscious youth will be siphoned off to Israel — at a
time when assimilation and inter-marriage continues
to grow in the U.S. — the entire future of Jewish com-
munal life in this country will be undermined.
This does not mean that there is opposition on the
part of any Jewish group in American to emigration of
adults to Israel.
Efforts on the part of 200 shlikhim — Israeli emis-
saries — to secure a larger aliya from the United
States to Israel have not been successful. The Jewish
Agency is therefore now planning to give up the
shlikhim system and replace it by urging local com-
munities to take upon themselves the mission of cam-
paigning for emigration to Israel.
CONFLICTING ATTITUDES: The issue of having
American Jews provide a large aliya to Israel actually
goes back to the time of the late Israeli Premier David
Ben-Gurion.
It was Ben-Gurion who — soon after the estab-
lishment of the Jewish state — proclaimed that no one
could be considered a Zionist unless he settles in Is-
rael. His call was directed primarily against Zionist
leadership in the United States.
Ben-Gurion's view — very emphatically stated —
,;ias a blow to the American Zionist movement. But as
time went by, he proved to be correct with regard to his
assertion that one does not have to be a Zionist now to
help Israel. The largest contributions to the United
Jewish Appeal came from non-Zionist Jews. POlitical
efforts in Washington on behalf of Israel were success-
fully conducted by non-Zionist peisonalities. Non-
Zionists also responded to the call for financial in-
vestments in Israel. The Zionist movement was thus
left with two major objectives — the strengthening of
Hebrew language in America and the intensification
of aliya from the U.S.

Senta Josephtal . Returns to Knesset

JERUSALEM (JTA) — Knesset, is the widow of
After 20 years of absence the late Giora Josephtal
from the Knesset, 64- who was one of the lead-
year-old Senta Josephtal ers of Mapai and served
returned to the Knesset as Housing Minister be-
bench as an Alignment fore he died.
Knesseter in the place of
Mrs. Josephtal repre-
the late Zvi Gershuni.
sents the Labor Party in
Mrs. Josephtal, the the Histadrut Central
tenth woman in the Committee.

NEW YORK (JTA) — A
"cash" drive to help the
NAACP post a $1.6 mill-
ion bond to appeal a Mis-
sissippi court case won by
Port Gibson merchants
was launched here by
major church and
synagogue bodies.

Rabbi Alexander M.
Schindler, president of the
Union of American Heb-
rew Congregations, con-
veners of the meeting and
drive, called the Missis-
sippi decision "constitu-
tionally dubious and a

threat to every organiza-
tion actively engaged in
the fight for social jus-
tice."
Rabbi Henry Siegman,
SCA executive director,
called the Mississippi
court decision "a
frightening - anac-
hronism, a throw-back for
American history, espe-
cially in this Bicentennial
year, for moral and inter-
racial justice."
Representatives of the
National Conference of
Catholic Bishops, Na-
tional Council of

JERUSALEM (JTA) — "as a minister in the Por-
Portugal's Minister of tuguese government my
Agriculture Antonio Lo- duties include dealing
pez Cardoso arrived on with political subjects as
a visit to Israel as the well."
guest of Agriculture
Cardoso's first meeting
Minister Aharon Uzan.
was with Shlomo Avineri,
Cardoso described his
director general of Is-
visit as part of "the pro-
rael's Foreign Ministry,
cess of normalization in
who reviewed the latest
relations between the two
developments in the Mid-
countries."
dle East.
He said his talks here
would not be confined The minister is accom-
exclusively to agricul- panied by his wife, Maria
tural subjects because Fernanda Cardoso.

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Churches, Synagogue
Council of America, Na-
tional Catholic Confer-
ence on Interracial Jus-
tice, Central Conference
of American Rabbis and
other religious organiza-
tipns announced' that
local churches and
synagogues would be
asked during the next few
weeks_to raise cash con-
tributions to assist the
NAACP.

Portugal Agriculture Minister
in Israel for Farming Talks

Friday, October 22, 1976 41

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