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September 10, 1976 - Image 61

Resource type:
Text
Publication:
The Detroit Jewish News, 1976-09-10

Disclaimer: Computer generated plain text may have errors. Read more about this.

THE DETROIT JEWISH NEWS ,

Friday, September 10, 1976 61

Martin Gilbert's Jewish History Cartographically Recorded

r

33o

UNITED STATES 0E:
1855
100,000
1880
300,000
1924
2,500,000
1968
5,720,000

Miles

247:krar/SIGX211102tieZIGL:21

/



THE JEWS OF THE UNITED STATES 1860-1-€.3

1913. Jewish Amalgamated Clothing Workers Union
established health centre for memoars. It also
pioneered low cost housing and saving schemes

NORTH DAKOTA

■■■■■ ••..

SOUTH DAKOTA

Brandeis University

1899. National Jewish Hospital founded for
tuberculosis victims. Free medical care
provided irrespective of religion or race

"1

.

......

San Francisco Li; • •



•' .....

Hebrew
Theological College

■ 111111111

• " • ' •

-

, r

'hicago

t
"t
..11:1
;-;
rt ::"
lt•
Los Angeles

1

;35
9939

,,/ j
//// //

Cincinatti

v25Hebrew Union /
College

PRINCIPAL JEWISH SELF-HELP ORGANISATIONS

1884
1893
1914
1917
1926

- , /; 5:`

,

• ,..,,... ....

/

COLORADA

;: ..

N

e . s . t 4rit::::.111- 1r
7

F'Or
.
. i.......,.. ,:(k7.° 1-11942. Biltmore program
.17 , ...........
:.ye;:ilivz., university,t„ ----
I urged Britain to reopen
'7,4 ----,
.-
-6
-
-,,......./
l o -6-

'" ---IG . n , `‘..". . .........
. .........
.........
.............. 1 : etliy. "7".----. Palestine to victims of' Nazi
A
persecution. but in vain
: ',; ;, c i'' ;w., c
4)/ a /
ncl.,;: •:.i ... P -.........................................D
/ 7C/ ( "/,

.Denver

... .' ....

Over 2 million Jew
1 in 1050. 1,000
sinagogues 3 Yiddish
daily papers

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\/( . . 2 , ' ...,

Hebrew Immigrant Aid Society
National Council of Jewish Women
American Joint Distribution Committee
National Jewish Welfare Board
National Council for Jewish Education
Council of Jewish Federations
National Refugee Service

1
02 ,, k
.111860. Rabbi Ranhail preached pro-slavery:
;; !,. tnal human bondage is a ',:ivire int - titution

•cs'
/-1331/4s

' ;855. Raobi Einhorn preached anti - slavery:

Break the bonds of oppression, le: the
oppressed penple go free, and :ear every yoke-

ARKANSAS .

I
2nd. largest Jewish population 1
of over 400,000 in 1960, with'
i
50 synagogues

CIVIL WAR Jewish volunteers
Northern A; my
6000
Confederate Army
1,200

LOUISIANA

‘t.

MAIN IMMIGRANT WAVES

a



Jewish sponsored educational institutions

150,000 Germen and Polish Jews
1860-1870
1880-1914 2,000,000 Russian Jews
125,000 Rumanian Jews
1 1900-1914
240,000 German anc! Austrian jRWS
1933 -1945

r?) Principal cities in which over 2 million Jews
from Russia settled 1880-1914

®

Early centres of Reform Judaism

d

Jewish agricultural colonies established by
immigrants from Russia 18131-1890.The one in Louisiana
was washed away by the Mississippi flood of 1882

1

= States with over 250,000 Jews by 1960

States with 50,000-250.000 Jews by 1960

Historan Martin Gilbert has compiled basic facts in
Jewish history in a highly informative volume in maps.
With the cartography of Arthur Banks, "Jewish History
Atlas" (Collier Books, a division of MacMillan Publishing
Co.) emerges as a fascinating textbook of great merit.
In the 112 maps are incorporated the basic facts of Jew-
ish historical experience. The entire panorama of recorded
Jewish history, from Abraham to the present, are pre-
sented in the form of an atlas and the entire global Jewish
chronicle is made available in this volume of some 120
pages.
An index listing the contents impressively notes the ex-
tent of Jewish history recorded briefly and factually by Dr.
Gilbert, who is a fellow at Oxford.
Dr. Gilbert, a biographer of Winston Churchill, was
born in England in 1936 and was educated at Oxford. He is
the author of an eight-volume Macmillan series of atlases.
All aspects of Jewish historicity are to be found in this
volume. The brevity necessitated by the inclusion of facts in
maps adds to the value of acquiring knowledge of the impor-

Trudeaus Continue Israel Tour

Trudeau
in 1948

MASADA — As part of
their current visit to Is-
rael Canadian Prime
o Minister Pierre Trudeau
and his wife Margaret
toured the ancient moun-
taintop stronghold of
Masada, accompanied by
0-9 Israeli Foreign Minister,
Yigal Allon.

Earlier, Trudeau vis-
ited Jerusalem. His last

Trudeau
in 1976

trip there was as a stu-
dent in 1948 when he was
jailed overnight by the
Jordanians when he tried
to cross from Israeli-held
western Jerusalem to the
Jordanian eastern sector.

If for the Sabbath there
is no food, on weekdays
there will be nothing
good.
—Folk Proverb

The Jews from Russia pioneered both in trade i.nion actity arid in
communal self-help. They flourished in the clothing trade and
as " custom peddlersn or small businessmen. Tney established many
of Americas leading cl-sain-stores and business emporia

Jewish Servicemen
World War one 250,000
Wor:d War two 550,000

tant occurrences even though they are presented as cap-
sules.
Even in brevity there is immensity in the variety of
subjects and historical data incorporated in this important
work. The major occurrences throughout history, the early
eras, the rise and fall of the Jewish state and the Roman
period, the Bar Kochba era, the subsequent events like the
Crusades, the Inquisition, the Hitler period, Zionism and
the emergence of Israel — all are under review by the au-
thoritative author.

Lions Over Ark

By RABBI SAMUEL FOX

(Copyright 1976, JTA, Inc.)

Medieval commen-
taries on the Talmud (To-
safot, Yuma 54b) indicate
that pictures of lions were
painted on the walls of
the ancient temple. Some
suggest that this repre-
sents the tribe of Judah
which was the major re-
maining tribe after the
dispersion of the ten
tribes by Sanhereb.
Others claim that the
lion is a reminder of the
two cherubim figures
that were placed over the
ark in the ancient
sanctuary. There were a
multi-faceted combina-
tion of several figures,
one of which was a lion.
Some contend the lion
indicates strength of
faith. Others indicate
that they are symbols of
angels who watch over
the Jewish people. Some
late authorities opposed
having such figures in the
synagogue (Hatam Sofer,
Responsa, Yore De'a 129),
but the practice prevailed
and persisted in many
traditional synagogues.

Included in the subjects covered are the Temple times,
Jews under the power of Rome, Jewish migrations, growth
of the Diaspora, the Rothschilds and their influence, etc.,
etc.
Martin Gilbert showed his skill in depicting events in
all lands, in Israel and in the Diaspora. The manner in
which he portrayed the Jewish role in the United States
gives evidence of the effects of his labors, as the accompany-
ing reproductions of the two pages devoted to the United
States indicate

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