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September 10, 1976 - Image 36

Resource type:
Text
Publication:
The Detroit Jewish News, 1976-09-10

Disclaimer: Computer generated plain text may have errors. Read more about this.

THE DETROIT JEWISH NEWS

36 Friday, September 10, 1976

Ancient Traditions in Common in Rosh Hashana Foods

By RUTH SELIGMAN

World Zionist Organization

JERUSALEM — As we
clip our "halla - or slices of
apple in honey — "it

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admission price.

WEEKDAYS INCLUDING SAT.
OPEN AT 6:45
HELD OVER 2ND WK!
Gene Kelley and Fred Astaire in
"That's Entertainment Part II" (G)
for the entire family
young and old.
"Thats Entertainment Part II"
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Sunday open at 1:45
"Thats Entertainment Part II"
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should be a sweet year - -
are we aware that food
traditions play a signific-
ant part in helping us re-
tain our national iden-
tity, our Sense of people-
hood?
Living in Israel, a land
where more than 70 diffe-
rent ethnic groups have
settled, each bringing his
own customs and folk-
lore, gives one the oppor-
tunity to see the different
ways these groups ob-
serve the holidays. Strik-
ingly enough, the
similarities are perhaps
more numerous than the
differences, emphasizing
again that, in spite of
their different
backgrounds and diffe-
rent cultural experi-
ences, Jews are essen-
tially one people.
For
example, - all
groups, no matter their
ethnic origin, eat "sweet"
foods_ on Rosh Hashana.
Some researchers credit
the prophet Nehemiah
for introducing this cus-
tom, adapting it from the
Persians and urging his
people "to eat the fat and
drink the sweet," includ-
ing honey, dates, figs and
raisins.
Some families also put
raisins in _their halla,

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again to emphasize the again for the same sym-
quality of sweetness they bolic reason. "Actually,"
hope to experience in the notes Prof. Dov Noy, "all
coming year.
of these symbolic foods
Carrots are another are some remnants of
traditional Rosh Hashana what is called `sympathe-
food. Eastern European tic-magic,' that is, there is
Jews often serve them in a some kind of magic at-
"tzimmes, - a form of pud- tached to eating them.
ding which combines meat For example, if you eat
and potatoes along with the head of a fish or of an
the carrots. Oriental Jews ox, you not only will be
tend to cook carrots in a honoring the beginning of
tomato sauce.
the New Year, but you,
Prof. Dov Noy, Israel's yourself, will become
foremost folklore expert strong as befits the. head
feels that carrots are of a household."
eaten, not only for the
All ethnic groups also
quality of sweetness and include a "new" food in
brightness which they their New Year menus.
signify, but also because
the word in Yiddish,
"mehren, - means "to
multiply" and the eating
thereof gives force to the
biblical injunction "to
multiply and be fruitful."
By ALLEN A. WARSEN
Actually, one could also
see in the eating of the
"Courts of Terror
carrot reference to the subtitled "Soviet Com-
basic purpose of the High munal Justice and_Jewish
Holy Days. The word Emigration" Vintage
"carrot" in Hebrew is Books, is the dramatic
"gezer." The three root story of American
letters of this word also lawyers who endeavored
form the word "decree." to free prisoners con-
When combined with the victed on drummed-up
Hebrew word for "judg- charges for trying to
ment" which is "din," it emigrate to Israel.
Authored by Telford
means "verdict."
Whether this is merely a Taylor, professor of law at
play on words or not, such Columbia University, the
interpretations do play a story had its beginning in
fascinating role in what, 1967, but was inaugu-
perhaps, could lightly be rated in 1973.
The lawyers who par-
called "food-lore."
Oriental Jews also ticipated in the project, in
make a point of eating let- addition to Taylor, in-
tuce on Rosh Hashana, cluded Alan Dershowitz,
again perhaps for linguis- professor at the Harvard
tic reasons, Since the Law School; George
word in Hebrew for "let- Fletcher, professor of law
tuce" is "hassa" which at the Law School of the
also means "to protect University of California,
and trust" and it is in the Los Angeles and a
Lord in whom we put our specialist in.Soviet crimi-
nal law; Leon Lipson, pro-
trust.
Orientals also serve a fessor at the Yale Law
sheep's head for the main School and an expert on
course of the Rosh Soviet law; and Melvin
Hashana meal. It is possi-
Stein, Associate General
ble that the ancient Heb- Counsel of the Equitable
rews borrowed this cus-
Life Assurance Society.
tom from Babylonia. In
The lawyers' modus
both cultures, the head operandi was to prove to
quite logically stands for the Soviet authorities
the beginning, or head of that their law enforcers
the year. Others say that violated Soviet law by
this custom commemo- imprisoning and convict-
rates Abraham's sacrifice
ing innocent people.
of a ram in lieu of his son
They based their pre-
Isaac.
sentation on these
Ashkenazi Jews tend to •grounds: Soviet law allows
defendants to choose their
eat the head of a fish,
counsel. But the accused
were forced to accept gov-
Yeshiva U Law
authorized coun-
Grads Accepted ernment
sel. Furthermore, Soviet
NEW YORK (JTA) — law provides for open
Nearly all of the June trials. But the trials of the
graduates of Yeshiva accused were held behind
University who applied closed doors.
The defendants were
for admission to the na-
tion's leading law schools forbidden to call their
have been accepted by at own witnesses. The
least one of those schools, documents presented as
according to a report. treasonable evidence
Also, Stern College for were religious and Zionist
Women graduates, re-
literature. Besides, some
flecting national trends,
of the charges were based
are increasingly applying
on contrived testimony.
to and are being accepted
To illustrate, Alexan-
by those law schools.
der Feldman was given a
A total of 26 members of jail sentence "for
the 1976 YeShiva College
hooliganism committed
class applied to law by knocking a cake out of
a woman pedestrian's
schools and received a
hands and addressing her
total of 80 letters of ac-
ceptance from American
obscenely." Pinhas Pin-
khasov was accused of
Bar Association-
overcharging for services
approved schools. Two
he performed and sent to
others were placed on
waiting lists. 27 law jail for five years.
Characteristic is this
schools had accepted
episode: law enforcers
Yeshiva College and
seized at the home of a de-
Stern College graduates.

Many partake of a new
fruit, one not eaten that
year yet, and on the sec-
ond night of Rosh
Hashana, recite the
"Shehekhyanu" benedic-
tion (Hebrew for He who
has kept us in life) which
is the blessing of
thanksgiving for things
enjoyed for the first time.
Some groups have var-
iations on this theme. An
elderly Iraqi man told me,
for example, that they
make the same basic
meat and rice dish for the
holiday as they do for all
their meals, but on the
New Year they add a new

spice to it.
Interestingly enough,(
no one is required by
Jewish law to eat fish, or
carrots, or dip apples in
honey
on
Rosh'
Hashana. Yet, so widely
practiced are these cus-
toms that, in effect, they
can be said to have the/
trappings of law, al-
though not the force.
They add an extra dimen-
sion to the holidays, an.,
excitement and rie", ess
which is even
)re
meaningful when you
know that all Jews
from all backgrounds —
are following similar suit.

Russian Justice System Exposed
in Taylor's New 'Courts of Terror'

-

fendant a copy of a book
on Soviet anti-Semitism
by Bertrand Russell.
"Ignorant of the illustri-
ous author's identity,
Dubtsov (the prosecutor)
misread the name and
vehemently castigated
the defendants for their
contact with those anti-
Soviet scoundrels Ber-
trok and Ressel, to the
better-informed judge's
great embarrasment."
The American lawyers,
moreover, were concerned
with the "abuses in condi-
tions of confinement. - For
instance, in Camp No. 3,
"The Nazi collaborators
were given for their work
the easier and better jobs,
in which the fulfillment of
the work quotas was pos-
sible. The Jewish prison-
ers were given the hardest
and most unpleasant work,
for which the quotas were
fixed at an impossibly high

level."

Impressive is Telford

Taylor's comment re- I
garding the treatment
the Jewish prisoners re-
ceived -By the camps'
supervisors: "Of all mgt-
ters I learned while pre-
paring the cases, none
surprised me more than
or shocked me as deeply,
as this situation."
Three
times
the,
lawyers traveled to Moss`
cow to present their cases
to Roman Rudenko, the
Soviet Procurator Gen-
eral and others. But then
efforts were to no avail.
It is interesting to note
that Roman Rudenko and
Telford Taylor knew each -
other from the Nurem-
berg trials of 1945-1946.
The former was the •
Soviet chief prosecutor,
while the latter was one
of the American pro-
secutors.
Their acquaintance did
not help the cause of the
Jewish "prisoners of con-
science - .

Robert Stolz' Musical Legacy

Robert Stolz, the emi-
nent Viennese composer,
left an indelible mark and
a notable legacy with his
own works and his in-
terpretive classics, in-
cluding a record just pro-
duced in Vienna by
Alisch-Fuchs.
All titles were arranged
by Arno Flor, and the re-
cord is more evidence of
the maestro's skills.
The first side of this re-
cord includes his way of
depicting, with the
Romantic Symphony Or-
chestra accompanying,
selections from Gigi, West
Side Story, Annie Get

Your Gun and Porgy and
Bess.
The second side fea-
tures his interpretive
skill presenting excerpts
from Carousel, Hello
Dolly, Kiss Me Kate,
Sound of Music and The
Pajama Game. .
The Stolz record un-,
questionably is a classic
that will serve in retain-
ing interest in the crea-
tive works of the eminent
musician and friend of Is-
rael.

Jewish Agency
Names Associate

CHICAGO—
ig Y.
Wolpert: A Retrospec T
tive, a tribute to the
career of the artist, will
open at Maurice Spertus
Museum of Judaica Sun-
day and continue through
Jan. 16, 1977.
The exhibition celeb-
rates Wolpert's seventy-
fifth year and his twen`
tieth year as Artist-in-
Residence of the Jewish'
Museum's (New York):
Tobe Pascher Workshop,
Over 65 works such as
Torah arks, Torah decoH
rations, Hanuka lamp
candelabrum and kid,
dush cups are presented,
in addition to photo:'
graphs of his synagogue,
commissions.

JERUSALEM — S. J.
Kreutner, director-
general of Keren
Hayesod-United Israel
Appeal, has been elected
an associate member of
the Executive of the
Jewish Agency for Israel.
Kreutner was ap-
pointed director-general
of Keran Hayesod in 1968,
and has principal respon-
sibility for the day-to-day
operation of Keren
Hayesod campaigns in 60
countries around the
world. Earlier he served
for six years as director of
Keren Hayesod in
Europe.

Wolpert -Exhibition
at Spertus Mv-"um

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