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August 06, 1976 - Image 7

Resource type:
The Detroit Jewish News, 1976-08-06

Disclaimer: Computer generated plain text may have errors. Read more about this.

Friday, August 6, 1976 7


Israeli, Moslem Officers Confer; Workers Defy PLO at Border

(Continued from Page 1)
Meanwhile, construc-
tion workers in Israel
continue to oppose the
hiring of any Lebanese
for building work because
of the slowdown in con-
struction in Israel which
have left many Israeli
workers jobless.
The Lebanese workers,
whose names were with-
held and whose pictures
were forbidden to be taken
because of fear of terrorist
reprisals, will be paid Is-
raeli wages and will be in-
sured against job acci-
dents on the same basis as
workers from the West
Bank. The workers were
met in Israel by the min-
t --V commander of the
hern region and by the.,

Labor Exchange man for
the area.
Opposition to the
employment of large
numbers of Lebanese
workers have come from
such local labor leaders
as 'Yaakov Pilar, secre-
tary of the Building
Workers Union in the
northern Galilee.
"We are having trouble
enough finding work for
our own members," Pilar
said declaring that his
union would not allow the
Lebanese to be employed
in construction work.
"We should provide them
with food and medical
services as humanitarian
gesture but we cannot
give them our livelihood,"
he said.

The fence along the
northern borddr, which is
now being called "the
good fence," goes back to
the 1930s when the
British Mandate gov-
ernment put up a fence to
prevent the entry into
Palestine of armed Arab
gangs. The British asked
Solel Boneh to build the
fence which entrusted
the work to the Hagana.
It was during the con-
struction that the late
Yitzhak Sadeh, the foun-
der of the Palmach, began
molding the image of the
Hagana since the work on
the fence gave him the
opportunity to legally
train soldiers.
Although the fence was
not needed during World

War II Jewish settlers
along the border main-
tained it and it became the
Israeli-Lebanese border
after the War of Indepen-
dence in 1948. Over the
years Israel has spent
millions of pounds
strengthening and rein-
forcing it.

the question is what will
happen in the future.

Peres noted that Israel
has not intervened in the
Lebanese strife even
though the Palestine
Liberation Organization
has caused a political and
geographic rift in the

Meanwhile, Defense
Minister Shimon Peres
said that Israel has to
closely watch the situa-
tion in southern Lebanon
since the area now exists
in a vacuum. "We must
carefully watch to see if
and by what this vacuum
is filled," Peres said in a
television interview. He
said while the area poses
no threat to Israel now

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Argentina Releases Emissaries

(Continued from Page 1)
Meanwhile, the Anti-
Defamation League of
Bnai Brith expressed
concern over the recent
disappearances in San-
tiago, Chile, of two Jewish
brothers who are be-
lieved now to be political
prisoners. Four other
Chilean Jews are among
hundreds of Chileans
missing there for more
than a year.
According to Burton S.
Levinson, chairman of
ADL's Latin American af-
fairs department, the
brothers, Julio
Schwartzman, who had
held important industrial
posts under the deposed
leftist Salvador Allende

government, were last
seen on July 22.

"It is suspected that
agents of DINA, the Chi-
lean military intelligence
agency, took the brothers'
into custody because of
the similarity of the Bud-
niks' disappearance with
that of other Chileans,"
Levinson said. Au-
thorities there, however,
have disclaimed any
knowledge that the pair
is in custody.

The ADL said the
brothers' office was ran-
sacked and their cars re-
moved from an adjacent
parking lot. On July 24,
the Budnik family re-
ceived an anonymous
phone call directing it to

Position of Rabbi, Cantor
in Synagogue Explained


(Copyright 1976, JTA, Inc.)

In the traditional congre-
gation the rabbi faces the
congregation while per-
forming his function while
the cantor faces the front of
the synagogue while per-
forming his function.
It should be understood
that the two functionaries
have two different roles.
The cantor is offering pray-
ers to the Almighty with the
congregation. His role is not
different than that of the
e is known as a
"Shaliakh Tzibbur" who
acts as the messenger for
the congregation. He ac-
tually keeps the congrega-
tion together during the
communal prayer.
He is actually 'a part of
the congregation. His
prayers, like that of the
congregation, are being
-offered to the Almighty.
he should face in the
Shitie diiection that the
congregation faces during
The direction that one
should face during prayer,
be he a member of the con-
gregation or the cantor, has
been prescribed as that fac-
ing Jerusalem, which in our
hemisphere is eastward. In
accordance with the tradi-
tion should the cantor face
the congregation, he is prac-
tically turning his back on
the Almighty.

The rabbi, on the other
hand, is speaking to the con-
gregation. He is somewhat
of a messenger of the word
of the Almighty. His role is
basically that of a teacher
who engages in dialogue of a
sort_with the congregation.
There are some rabbis
who will not stand with
their, backs to the ark not
wishing to appear as turn-
ing their backs on the source
of holiness. They stand off
on a side while speaking to
the congregation. Yet, all
rabbis indeed face the con-

where the cars were
found, near the national
Subsequently, a San-
tiago newspaper reported
that five political prison-
ers, arrested on July 22,
had been placed in Cuatro
Alamos prison. Several
days later, the family re-
ceived word that the
Budnik brothers would
probably be moved to
southern Chile.
In an effort to aid the
Budnik family, 'Levinson
said, Bnai Brith represen-
tatives have appealed to
the Chilean ambassadors
in the United States and
Canada for information on
the brothers.
Of the other four Chi-
lean Jews who are mis-
sing, the most prominent
is David Silberman, who
had been general man-
ager of Chuquicarnata,
the world's largest copper

Levinson said Silber-
man disappeared while
serving a 13-year sen-
tence at the Santiago
The others are Diana
Aaron, Luis Guendelman
and Juan Carlos Perel-
man. Chilean officials
have consistently denied
that the four were ar-
rested or are in govern-
ment custody, Levinson

area whose affects will be
felt for a long time.
He said it has been es-
timated that the number
of persons killed in the
Lebanese civil war has
passed the 40,000 mark
and that more than one
million persons have left
the country.


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Jewish Federation of Metro-
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from the Department of
Health, Education and Wel-
fare (HEW) to find and up-
grade jobs for Indo-Chinese
refugees in the Chicago


The project will operate
with the cooperation of the
Illinois Department of Pub-
lic Aid and the Illinois Gov-
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resettlement office is a new
one established to supervise
resettlement in Illinois.

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a fool is sent to the market.
—The Talmud

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