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July 23, 1976 - Image 53

Resource type:
The Detroit Jewish News, 1976-07-23

Disclaimer: Computer generated plain text may have errors. Read more about this.


Cable Plant Due

TEL AVIV — Tadiran
Israel Electronic Industries
>Ltd. will be investing $2.5
million in the erection of a
cable plant in Beit Shean.
Scheduled for completion in
1 about 18 months, the enter-
prise is expected to export
20 percent of its production.

Israel's Miss Universe Holds Press Conference in U.S.

first army sergeant to be-
come Miss Universe, Rina
Messinger of Israel, held her
first press conference in
America Tuesday.
Wearing a green dress
and her Miss Universe

Amin Plans Israel Pilgrimage

NEW YORK — Uganda
President Idi Amin is re-
portedly going to Israel on a
pilgrimage, according to
1, Uganda radio, amid reports
that some of his army units
have mutinied against his
) dictforship.
Daily Nation newspa-
, pe_ ...Nairobi, Kenya, said
the Uganda radio broadcast
that Amin would inform
;Israel three to five days in
advance of his visit and that
"the only persons in Israel
to whom he is prepared to
' talk" are former Premier
Golda Meir, former Defense
Minister Moshe Dayan and
Foreign Minister Yigal Al-
) Ion.
Amin's announcement
comes less than three weeks
after Israel raided Entebbe
Airport in Uganda to rescue
more than 100 Jewish hos-
tages held by hijackers. Is-
>rael charged Amin with
complicity in the hijacking,
and the British charge that
I Amin's men killed hostage
) Dora Bloch.
The Daily Nation said
the mutiny of Ugandan
troops came after they
were ordered to prepare
for an invasion of Kenya.
Relations between the two
countries have been
strained after the Israeli
rescue planes landed in
Nairobi following the En-
tebbe raid.

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k your dentist to check
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- lhe

next life they save could
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Cancer Society

Friday, July 23, 1976 53

In a related development
Wednesday, Amin promised
to release the hijacked Air
France jet "without condi-
tions," and asked the
French ambassador to have
the plane flown out of
Amin impounded the
plane after Israel's July 3
raid and demanded pay-
ment for the plane's release.

crown, which she won July
11 in Hong Kong, Miss Mes-
singer said: "I am so sur-
prised by New York City. I
thought New York must be
ugly and unpleasant, you
know, I saw all those movies
about New York . . . but
New York is beautiful and
the people here are really
Miss Messinger, who is
the first Israeli ever to cap-
ture the title of the "world's
most beautiful woman,"
said that she does not see
her future as a movie star.
"All I want is to continue to
study . . . I want to learn
about everything, about
people, about life," she said.
"I am representing my
country," the 5'7 1/2"
beauty with light brown


Red navy danger

It was a grey chilly morning at the beginning of
May that the 162 km-long Suez Canal actually
opened. Two rusted West German freighters,
Munsterland and Nordwind, raised their long-
embedded anchors from the Great Bitter
Lake and, with sirens sounding full blast,
began a seven-hour journey to Port Said at the
Mediterranean end of the waterway. Both had
been trapped in the canal along with 12 other
vessels since the 1967 Six Day War.
The official opening of the canal on June 5
had almost as much pomp and ceremony as
marked its official inauguration by an Egyp-
tian Viceroy by the name of Ismailia in 1869.
Then, half the crowned heads of Europe were
present to mark that opening of the man-made
waterway joining two oceans and two worlds.
So, when the modern Egyptian Viceroy,
,Anwar Sadat, re-opened the canal last week
he was reviving a symbol of an independent
and modern Egypt.

Strategic point for Russia

Western strategists fear that a powerful
Soviet ambush could await ships at the
southern end of the canal. Britain has vacated
its bases East of Aden and the Americans, at
least so far, have been slow to fill the void. In
encroaching on the Horn of Africa the
Russians have secured port facilities in
Houdeida, Aden, and Socotra.
Berbera, in Somalia, is under construction
for Soviet use as a powerful base for their
fleets and air force. The French magazine LE
POINT has pointed out that the Soviet
bomber, Bear 20, can fly non-stop from the
Soviet Union to Somalia.
A full Soviet naval squadron has been
operating independently in the Indian Ocean.
Top ranking US naval offices have warned
that the Suez Canal will allow the Soviets to
operate their Black Sea Fleet in the Indian
Ocean, thus cutting their lines of com-
munications from 12 000 to 15 000 kms down
to 3 000 k ms.
The canal, which celebrated its centenary
six years ago, silent and empty, has always
been at the centre of Egypt's historical stage
and a focus for nationalism. In 1882, when
Arabi Pasha rebelled against the Khedive and
his British overlords, it was near the canal that
he chose to fight. It was at Tel El Kebir, close
to Ismailia, that he was defeated.

Anti-British revolts

When anti-British revolts broke out after
World War Two, the canal again w as the cen-
tre of the action. Anwar Sadat, then a young
army officer on the retired list, took part in the
1952 revolution, which ousted King Farouk.
and in the following guerrilla actions leading
to complete British withdrawal. The Sue/
crisis in 1956 w as ostensibly sparked off 1-w
President Gainal Abdel Nasser's decision to
nationalise the waterway. But the decision


hair and dark blue eyes de-
clared. "As Miss Universe
I can reach people who are
usually not interested in
politics and are not famil-


iar with the problems of
the Mideast. In that way I
can make a modest contri-
bution to peace. And an-
other thing: as Miss Univ-
erse I can show the world
that life in Israel is not all
war . . ."
After mentioning that she
considers former Israeli
Premier Golda Meir to be
the greatest person in the
world today, Miss Messin-
ger said: "I believe that men
and women should be equal.
I believe in equal pay for
women . . . but I must ad-
mit, I like men to open doors
for me or letting me first
out of the elevator."
Asked if she is given extra
security because she is an
Israeli, Miss Universe said:
"I am guarded as any other

Miss Universe would be
guarded. I don't have extra
guards and I don't feel it is
Security, in fact, was
not strict at Tuesday's
press conference. Corre-
spondents walked in with-
out being asked to identify
themselves. Although
Miss Messinger said she
has no extra guards, the
JTA correspondent spot-
ted at least one Israeli se-
cret service man watching
her very closely — more
reasons of security than
Miss Messinger said that
she is contributing part of
her $10,000 cash prize, for
her winning the title of Miss
Universe, to the fund of Is-
raeli wounded soldiers.

meant more to Egyp-
tians as a gesture of
Egypt's final break
with colonialism than
as a takeover of a
lucrative'source of in-
The canal, although
only 160 metres wide,
was to save Egypt from
an Israeli invasion after
the disastrous rout of
the Six-Day War in
1967. For the next six-
and-a-half years, it was
the front line in the
smouldering war.
Then came October 6,
1973, and the
"miracle" that saw the
Egyptian army sweep
across the canal. It was
the start of an 18-day
war that was later to
see an Israeli recovery
and Arab reversals. Of-
ficial Egyptian history
mentions only the first
victorious 24 hours.
The Nile and • the
2anal are Egypt's two
sole waterways and it is
lot absurd to call the
canal a river since
there is a current. It
was never a simple
matter to sail through
the Suez Canal and un-
til 1967 the Canal
:Authority used to
Anchorages are shallows where the Russian fleet anchors to
divide the waterway
efuel and take on supplies. In other places there are buoys on
into four sections, each
which ships can be fastened.
with its own specialist
The enormous Canal Authority, an
Before the canal was closed, about 20 000
organisation employing 100 000 people direct-
ships used it each year. They were divided into
ly or indirectly, started working fulltime. The
three convoys at a time, one sailing
inhabitants of the canal zone are returning
northwards, two southwards. All northbound
home and will again participate in the Egyp-
convoys loaded with oil had priority and were
tian economy. And finally, the canal re-
allowed to sail straight through to Port Said,
opening will bring a considerable amount of,
while the southbound ships had to stop, one
foreign investment. Iran is ready to spend
convoy at Ballah, the other in the Bitter
RI 400 million on various projects. Iran, 4 800
Lakes, to allow the tankers to pass.
kms from Port Said, wants to use the waterway
Passage through the canal takes about 15
to become a modern Mediterranean power.
hours at speeds of eight or nine knots. In 1967,
Nevertheless, Egypt faces great difficulties.
the largest ships that could navigate the
The Canal Authority has been stagnant for
w aterway had a maximum-draught of 38 feet.
eight years. Of its 250 pilots, at least 100 are in-
At the time, ships of that size made up three
experienced. Above all, the reopening will
quarters of the world's merchant fleets. But
create problems for the Egyptian Army: it is
now all but 30 per cent are larger.
one thing to wage war in a deserted area, but
Ben so. the new Canal Authority hopes to
quite another to prepare for war in a region in-
make R315 million from next year's canal
habited by a million and a halt- people and with
charges as against only R175 million in the last
more than 100 merchant ships of all flags sail-
y'ear the canal was operating. Four inter-
ing through the waterway at one time.
national research bodies have assured the
The canal zone of the Nasser-Kremlin axis
Authority it can count on 120 million tons of
has all but disappeared. The propaganda
solid cargo, 1(X) million tons of oil and 250
machine, w hich until % . er\ recently was aimed
million tons from unladen oil tankers each
solidi\ across the Suez at Israel. now faces
year. But Lgy pt know s the w orld has changed
w est to I a with equal hatred.
since 196 7 and the c;iril mint chanac too

. 4

(Editor's Note: The facts presented here are as valid today as they were
when first released by the International Information Center a year ago.)

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