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July 09, 1976 - Image 17

Resource type:
Text
Publication:
The Detroit Jewish News, 1976-07-09

Disclaimer: Computer generated plain text may have errors. Read more about this.

THE DETROIT JEWISH NEWS

Israel Celebrates Hostages' Return;
Mourns the Victims of the Terrorists

(Continued from Page 1)
while Ugandan President
Idi Amin was posing in the
role of a neutral mediator.
Shomron also disclosed that
seven terrorists were killed.
Only four terrorists actually
participated in the hijack of
the Air France "air bus"
after it left Athens Airport
June 27. Three more were
brought in with the consent
of Ugandan authorities to
reinforce the original hi-
jackers.
Gur said the Ugandans
were guarding the entrance
to the hangar where the
hostages were held. They
had watch posts on the gal-
lery that overlooked the
hangar, they were on the
roof of the hangar, and they
were around the hangar, he
said.

According to the accounts
of Shomrom, Gur and
Peres, the soldiers in the
rescue party shouted to the
hostages to keep their heads
clown as they ran to the res-
cue plane but some of the ci-
vilians did not hear or could
not obey that order.
The Israeli soldiers were
ordered to fire on anyone
who fired on them. They
were fired on by Ugandan
troops, some of whom were
in the airport control tower.
During the battle, the Is-
raelis destroyed 6-10 Ugan-
dan air force MIG jets.

Uganda Cooperated
With Terrorists

One of the rescued hos-
tages, Uri Davidson, 17,
said they were awakened
by shots at the Entebbe
Airport and a few minutes
Most Daring
later, to the astonishment
Operation Ever
of all, Israeli soldiers en-
Last Wednesday and tered the hangar and
Thursday, the hijackers whispered to follow them
released 148 hostages, and keep heads down.
He said the Ugandans had
most of them Jews of var-
ious nationalities. They cooperated and collaborated
held 102 persons — about with the hijackers. Ugandan
80 of them Israelis and a army officers came and
number of suspected Is- went as they pleased. The
raelis plus the flight crew night before the rescue,
of the seized French air- President Idi Amin made
liner. The hijackers de- one of his frequent appear-
manded the release of 53 ances to tell the hostages
Palestinian or pro-Palesti- that Israel had agreed to
nian terrorists — 40 of release terrorists for their
them serving prison sent- safety, Davidson said.
ences in Israel and 13 im-
Another young hostage,
prisoned in West Ger- Michael Livni, 15, confirmed
many, Switzerland, that the hostages were
France and Kenya.
guarded by Ugandan troops
Israel agreed on Thursday and by the hijackers. An-
to negotiate for their release other freed hostage said one
and asked the French gov- of the hijackers, a German,
ernment to conduct the ne- had told him he was wanted
gotiations. The hijackers set by the West German au-
a deadline of 8 a.m. Sunday thorities for the past three
(Uganda time) at which years and that Uganda and
time they threatened to kill Libya were the only safe ha-
the hostages if their de- vens he could find.
mands were not met.
In a television interview
Peres told the press con- in New York Wednesday, Is-
ference that it became ap- rael's Ambassador to the
parent that the negotiations United Nations Chaim Her-
were getting nowhere and zog said the. raid may have
that the possibility existed been made easier because
to rescue the hostages. The many Israelis were involved
decision to carry out this ac- in the re-building of En-
tion was taken in view of the tebbe Airport.
grave danger to their lives,
Israelis Celebrate,
he said. He noted that the
Mourn the Dead
operation was the most dar-
ing one ever undertaken by
The general euphoria
the Israeli army because of over the successful rescue
the distance involved and operation in Uganda re-
the short time left for plan- mained unabated Tues-
ning. He said that to the day, but Israel also shared
best of his knowledge, the the grief of the families of
Israeli rescue party did not the four Israelis who lost
request permission to land their lives as a result of the
at Entebbe Airport.
action to free the hostages
No details were dis- at Entebbe Airport.
closed as to the number of
Two of the civilian victims
troops or planes used in — Ida Borowitzn, 56 and
the operation. It was car- Jean Jacques Maimoni, 19
ried out with giant Ameri- — were buried Monday at
can-built Hercules trans- Natanya and Bat Yam, their
ports. Some foreign press respective homes. The third
reports said there was one civilian casualty, Pasco
Hercules and two Boeing Cohen, 45, of Hadera, died
707 military cargo jets.
of his wounds at a hospital
Peres had high praise for in Nairobi, Kenya and was
the behavior of the Air buried at Hadera Wednes-
France flight crew. He said day.
they treated the other hos-
Cohen, his wife and their
tages as their passengers two children, Zipora 6 and
throughout the ordeal. He Jacob, 12, were among the
reiterated that Israel had Israeli hostages on the hi-
consulted with no other gov- jacked Air France jet. Dur-
ernment before it undertook ing the rescue operation,
the operation and bore sole Cohen became separated
responsibility.
from his children. When he

stood up to look for them he
was hit in the back by a sni-
per's bullet. The rest of his
family was unharmed.
One hostage, Mrs. Dora
Bloch, 75, a holder of both a
British and an Israeli pass-
port, was left behind in
Uganda when the rest of the
hostages were freed because
she had been taken earlier
to a hospital in Kampala.
Uganda has told Britain
that it is no longer responsi-
ble for Mrs. Bloch since the
Israeli raid, and does not
know where she is. A Bri-
tish envoy who visited her
hospital room Saturday said
she was guarded by two
Ugandan plainclothes pol-
icemen.
A military funeral was
held on Mt. Herzl in Jeru-
salem Tuesday for Lt. Col.
Yonatan Netanyahu, the
American-born Israeli sol-
dier killed while leading
the rescue assault party.
Burial services were de-
layed one day to await the
arrival of his parents and
two brothers from the
United States.
The 30-year-old former
tank commander was the
son of Prof. Ben-Zion Ne-
tanyahu, who teaches Ju-
daic studies and Semitic
languages at Cornell Uni-
versity. He was born in the
U.S. and brought to Israel
at the age of two. He had
studied at Harvard and at
the Hebrew University in
Jerusalm while pursuing a
career in the Army that
made him one of Israel's
youngest high-ranking com-
manders.
Col. Netanyahu was
wounded in the 1967 Six-
Day War, fought in the Yom
Kippur War and was deco-
rated for his performance in
a special unit that battled
the Syrians on the Golan
Heights where he com-
manded a tank unit. He was
killed during the Entebbe
operation by a bullet be-
lieved to have been fired by
a Ugandan soldier from the
airport control tower.
While mourning the dead,
Israelis appear to have
gained new confidence and
respect for themselves, their
defense forces and their gov-
ernment as a result of the
Uganda rescue. The skepti-
cism and often cynical atti-
tude that has prevailed to-
ward politicians and the
military in general since the
Yom Kippur War seems to
have vanished overnight. A
notable example was the
cancellation of a strike that
had been called by railroad
workers for Sunday morn-
ing.
Similarly, work slow-
downs protesting the un-
popular Value Added Tax
(VAT) that went into ef-
fect July 1 were called off.
Newspapers are carrying
huge ads saluting the
army and government.
Many of the ads were
placed by groups that until
last week had been de-
manding new elections
and a change of the re-
gime.
National solidarity in
fact, seems to have reached

a point equalled only in
times of war.
During the week, individ-
uals and groups have do-
nated millions of Pounds to
the Soldiers' 'Welfare Fund.
Workers who have been de-
manding more pay for
fewer hours are willingly
donating one or more days
of their vacations for the
benefit of Israeli soldiers.
Former Premier Golda
Meir paid a personal tribute
Monday to her successor,
Premier Yitzhak Rabin. She
sent him a wreath of red
roses and a message of con-

(Continued on Page 18)

Friday, July 9, 1976 17

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