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May 07, 1976 - Image 2

Resource type:
Text
Publication:
The Detroit Jewish News, 1976-05-07

Disclaimer: Computer generated plain text may have errors. Read more about this.

THE DETROIT JEWISH NEWS

2 May 7, 1976

Purely Commentary

By Philip
Slomovitz

Jews From Arab Lands, Evicted by the Persecuting Govern
ments, Mobilize to Expose the Prejudices and to Demand Just
Compensation as Refugees . . . Evidential Maps Reveal Terrors

Looking at the Record of Egyptian and Syrian Brutalities Against their Jewish Residents

ulty of Merton College, Oxford. The accompanying maps
and charts are from this pamphlet. It is imperative that the
facts revealed here should be known.
The status of Jews in and from other Arab countries is
exposed in this pamphlet. The crimes listed are indefensi-
ble. The facts are vital to the entire Middle East situation.
In dealing with the problem of refugees, the Jewish esca-
pees from Moslem countries demand consideration and
must receive it. If and when the refugee problem is to be
dealt with, the Jewish refugees from Arab lands must re-
ceive succor. There can be no compensation for Arabs with-
out granting it also to the nearly million Jews who have
suffered at the hands of the Arabs.
The Organization of Jews from Arab Lands is coming
to American Jewry for support in its battle for justice for
the Jewish refugees. They must receive it in full measure.

Israel's antagonists in the United Nations have made it
a practice to level charges of mistreatment of Arabs in Is-
rael and asserting Israel imposes brutal regulations upon
them.
At every opportunity, the Third World nations yielded
to Arab pressures and adopted resolutions charging Israel
with terrorism.
The facts are that El Fatah and PLO activists have
been arrested in Israel, that some have been expelled to Le-
banon or Syria and that suspected terrorists were not
tolerated.
It is possible that some prisoners have been mistreated.
There are unavoidable and very regrettable results from
conflicts affecting the desired good relations between Jews
and Arabs.
But the guilty are seldom exposed. The record of Egyp-
tian and Syrian outrages needs to be made public.
After many years of silence, Jews from Arab lands
have mobilized their forces to make their grievances known,
to place on the record the facts about the cruelties which
caused nearly a million Jews to run from persecutions in
their Moslem homelands, most of them escaping to Israel.
The Organization of Jews from Arab Lands, formed in
Israel recently, provides factual data on the role of Jews in
Moslem countries and their plight since the emergence of
Israel as an independent state which has resulted in mass
emigration due to unimaginable persecutions.
This new organization has published several important
documents stating the case of Jews from Arab lands, and
among the most effective is "The Jews of Arab Lands: Their
History in Maps," compiled by Martin Gilbert of the fac-

* * *

Revealing Historical Analyses

Dr. Martin Gilbert renders a.valuable service with his
data-laden history of Jews in Arab lands by means of maps
in which he traces the struggles Jews encountered in Mos-
lem lands not only in this century and since Israel's rebirth
but also during the era of the settlement of the first Jews
there prior to the Christian era.
An example is the extensive revelatory map dealing
with "The Jews of Iraq: 600 BC-1900 AD." Accompanying
the descriptive map is the following resume of Jewish ex-
periences during those years:
The Jews of Iraq formed large communities
from biblical times, and were settled in hundreds of

towns and villages for more than 1,200 years before
the Muslim conquest of 634 AD. After that conquest
they continued to prosper, despite spasmodic and at
times severe persecution. In 800 AD and again in 850
they were subjected to heavy taxation, restrictions
of their residence, and forced to wear a yellow patch
on their clothing. In 1000 AD they were subjected to
severe oppression, including punitive taxation. In
1333 the synagogues of Baghdad were destroyed and
much property looted. From 1750 to 1830, under
Turkish rule, anti-Jewish measures were so severe
that many fled to Persia and India. By 1900 the Jews
of Iraq, after 2,500 years of continuous settlement,
numbered more than 120,000
Similar tragic stories relate to Yemen. Libya, Morocco,
Tunisia and other areas. They are ugly tales. They ref
the claim that Jews had a paradise under Moslem rule.
Perhaps there still is hope for happier days in the A
ab-Israel relationships. They can come only with total rec-
ognition of Israel's. sovereignty and an interchange of eco-
nomic and cultural relations between the two related
peoples, without restrictions and with an end to saber-
rattling.
In the process, as long as there is grumbling about ref-
ugees, recognition of the existence of Jewish refugees from
Arab lands is vital to every effort at attaining a solution to
the issues that have made a battleground of the Middle
East. Arabs must recognize this fact and the world powers
must join in striving for a just solution by avoiding partis-
anships. The facts are at hand. Is there hope for justice
based on their historical admonitions?

e

I.SR A~ L

18 November 1945 Great Synagogue looted.
Prayerbooks burnt in the street
2 December 1947 Anti-Jewish riots. Many Jews
killed; 150 Jewish homes, 50 shops,
18 synagogues and 5 schools burned
Apri11948 Further anti-Jewish riots. Many
Jews in hiding, in fear of their lives

FiONT1ERS0F;:i

arnie

Port Said

Alexandria

Mansura

Suez
Canal

Zifta

Damanhur

Benha

0

1

Ismailia

•-1
• •

Cairo

1.

Suez

0

ij

Sinai

9

Fayyum 0

Beni Suef

E

SAUDI
ARABIA

/ 1(

Minya

November 1950

Y

E




Kamishliye

amat • P... •



River

J



S Y

R

a

I A

0

1938-39 Towns in which

there were serious anti -
Jewish riots and violent
protests against Jewish
immigration from Nazi
Germany to Palestine

the mob during anti-Jewish riots

Aleppo

Thirty Syrian Jews
murdered at sea
by Arab seamen
paid to take them
by boat to Israel.
20 bodies washed
ashore at Haifa

I

Miles

June 1967 Fifty seven Jews killed by

R

T



Motfala

1844, 1881, 1902 Jews accused

of using human blood for
ritual purposes
1882, 1919, 1921, 1924 Jews
attacked in anti-foreigner
riots

Negev

0

0 20 40 60

JEWISH POPULATION
29,770
1943
18,000
1946
4, 000
1974

THE JEWS OF SYRIA 1936-71

I THE JEWS OF EGYPT

Damascus

Assuit

R A Q

0

2 November 1945 'Balfour Day' riots throughout Egypt.

10 Jews killed, 350 injured. Shops looted and synagogues
wrecked. Scrolls of the Law burnt in the streets
15 May 1948 2,000 Jews arrested. Two weeks later a
Law was passed confiscating the property of those arrested
6 June 1948 New York Times reports large Jewish financial
contributions to the anti-Israeli War Chest and to
Arab refugee relief
June -July 1948 Over 50 Jews killed, some after savage
mutilations. Many Jewish homes destroyed.
22 September 1948 20 Jews killed and 61 injured after
an explosion in the Jewish quarter of Cairo, followed
by Arab looting of Jewish houses, and seizure of
Jewish property by the Government
1956 4,000 Jews expelled. Some allowed to take only a
single suitcase out of Egypt. Those expelled were forced
to renounce all property rights and financial claims
1957 All Jews not in 'continuous residence' since 1900
deprived of citizenship
1960 Many synagogues closed down. Jewish orphanages,
schools and old peoples' homes forced to close. The
Jewish hospital confiscated; its medical staff arrested
May - June 1967 All Jews in official employ dismissed.
500 Jews, including rabbis, arrested. Some brutally
tortured, some released only in 1970, others expelled
with only meagre personal belongings

Golan
Heights

t

0

RESTRICTIONS IN FORCE SINCE 1967

rr

Qena

1 Jews'right to emigrate is completely forbidden.ThiS

co

applies even to Jews in Syria who hold foreign passports

kilometres
2 Jews are forbidden to move more than 3

JOR DAN

1936-9 Headquarters of anti-Jewish

propaganda, intensified after visit of

Nazi officers from Germany
1938 Jews frequently stabbed on streets
June 1945 A Jewish educationalist murdered

JEWISH POPULATION
75,000
1948
350
1974

[0

100

1

Miles

5 August 1949 Bomb thrown in synagogue

on sabbath eve. 12 killed, 26 injured
December 1949 Jewish Community Council
dissolved
8 February 1967 Ministry of Defence
Circular lists 47 Jewish merchants and
forbids army personnel to trade with them
March 1974 Four young Jewesses murdered
while attempting to leave Syria.
Since 1971 at least 50 Jews (men, women
and children) arrested. Many tortured.
Beatings in streets commonplace

0 Towns with flourishing
Jewish communities in 1920

from their place of residence. Those wishing to
travel further must apply for a special permit
3 Identity cards issued to Jews are stamped in red
with the word 'Mussawi' (Jew)

4 Jews are normally subject to a 10 p.m. curfew.
5 Jews allowed six years elementary

schooling only

. 6 Jewish houses in Kamishliye are marked in red
7 Jews barred from jobs in the public service,

in public institutions or in banks

8 Government and military personnel are forbidden

to purchase from Jewish shops

9 Foreigners may not visit the Jewish quarter

unescorted
10 Jews forbidden to own radios or telephones,

or to maintain postal contact with outside world
11 No telephones are. installed in Jewish homes

12 The possessions of deceased Jews are confiscated

by the Government. Their heirs must then pay for the
use of the property. If they cannot, it is handed
over to the Palestinian Arabs
13 Only two Jewish schools open in Damascus. Their

directors and most of their teachers are Muslims.
Exams usually ordered to be held on the sabbath

Martin Gilbert 1975

Reproductions from "The Jews of Arab Lands: Their History in. Maps," Edited

and Researched by Prof. Martin Gilbert, Merton College. Oxford

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