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April 09, 1976 - Image 20

Resource type:
Text
Publication:
The Detroit Jewish News, 1976-04-09

Disclaimer: Computer generated plain text may have errors. Read more about this.

THE DETROIT JEWISH NEWS

20 April 9, 1976

Friedenwald Family-Devoted to Zionism

•MOVING?
.,



HOUSEHOLD SALES •
IN YOUR HOME • BY DR. MAX KEMPELMAN
President, American Friends
• ESTATES LIQUIDATED
of the Hebrew University
: MARION GASPAS :
(Copyright 1976, JTA, Inc.)
626-8907:
626-6795
The Hebrew University-
IRENE EAGLE

Hadassah
Medical School in
626-8907:,
1 ..626-4769

Jerusalem annually enrolls

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an average of 90 young men
and women. Scholarship
grants are the "life-blood"
for many of these students.
This year, a substantial
number will receive grants
bearing the name of Aaron
and Bertha Friedenwald
Memorial Fund.
These scholarship grants
were made possible by a
bequest to the fund from
Dr. and Mrs. Jonas Frieden-
wald, great-grandchildren
of Aaron and Bertha. The
Friedenwald Fund, admi,p-
istered by PEF Israel En-
dowment Funds, Inc., was
established in 1923 by Dr.
Harry Friedenwald of Balti-
more, a founder of PEF.
When referring to the
Friedenwald family, histori-
ans of the American Jewish
community usually mean
the father, son and grand-
son triumvirate — Aaron,
Harry and Jonas. Prodi-
gious figure _ s of inexhausti-
ble energy and diverse tal-
ents, they shared careers as
outstanding physicians, all
specializing in ophthalmol-
ogy (disease of the eye),
each pursuing a broad range
of intellectual and cultural
interests and passionately
devoted to' Zionism.
Their lives and careers,
a continuing pattern that
formed an arch spanning
three generations with Dr.
Harry Friedenwald the
keystone, covered a period
of more than a century,
from 1936 to 1955.

Atlanta Federation
Aids Meal Program

ATALANTA, Ga. (JTA)
— Kosher meals are being
delivered to homes of shut-
in elderly Jews in Atlanta in
a program funded by the
Atlanta Jewish Welfare
Federation.
The new service, cur-
rently limited to 25 meals
per day, is a collaborative
service in which the Jewish
Home prepares the dairy
lunch for both regular and
special diets. Federation of-
ficials said volunteer driv-
ers, recruited from Jewish
.organizations, deliver the
meals five days a week.

Best Wishes for a happy,

healthy and joyous Passover

to the entire community

29300 TELEGRAPH

JUST NORTH OF TEL-TWELVE MALL.

353-9000

What might be described
as extracurricular activities
lends further dimension to
this group portrait of the
three Drs. Friedenwald.
Aaron, in addition to his
busy practice, was president
of the Chizuk Emunah Con-
gregation, which had been
founded by his father, was
active in the Liberal Party
during the political hurly-
burly that followed the Civil
War, and continued his
study and lectures in medi-
cal history.
Harry's interests went
even further afield. No dab-
bler, his study of medical
history, with special refer-
ence to the role of Jews as
healers and scientists, pro-
duced many essays includ-
ing more than 40 which
were included in a two-vol-
ume work, "The Jews and
Medicine," published in 1944
by the Johns Hopkins Press.
He, too, became president of
the Chizuk Emunah Congre-
gation as well as the He-

brew Education Society of
Baltimore.
The grandson, Aaron, has
been referred to as a genius.
How else does one speak of
a medical scientist who is a
talented painter, a serious
mathematician and philoso-
pher? A visiting lecturer at
the Hebrew University of
Jerusalem in 1936, he sur-
prised his audience by
speaking extemporaneously
in Hebrew.
Zionism was the essen-
tial theme in the lives of
the three Friedenwalds.
With his life-long friend,
Henrietta Szold, Harry in
1893 joined Hevras Zion,
possibly the first American
Zionist organization. By
1904, he was elected presi-
dent of the Federation of
American Zionists.
Throughout his many
years as a Zionist, Harry ac-
tively participated in the
successive historic world
meetings at Basel and was a

Increased Penalty Sought
for NY Synagogue Arson

NEW YORK (JTA) —
State Assemblyman
Charles E. Shumer is press-
ing for legislation that
would drastically increase
-the penalty for arson in
houses of worship.
"Right now if you burned
a synagogue or a shack in a
vacant lot you'd get the
same penalty (up to two
years in jail) and rarely do
they prosecute," the Brook-
lyn Democrat said during a
visit to the burnt-out re-
mains of Cong. Anshe Vilna
on Manhattan's Lower East
Side.
The Orthodox synagogue,
built 78 years ago, was de-
stroyed by fire last Nov. 28.
Shumer said it was one of 40
synagogues burned or oth-
erwise vandalized in the
area during the last two or
three years.

Shumer, who wants the
maximum penalty for such
acts increased to 15 years
imprisonment, said his
proposed legislation was
supported by Manhattan
District Attorney Robert
M. Morgenthau and that
he knew of no opponents so
far.

close associate of the verita-
ble pantheon of thinkers
and activists who gave birth
to the Zionist movement and
led it through its first
stormy years. In 1924, he
became a founding Council
member of the Palestine Ec-
onomic Corporation.
Among Zionists and stu-
dents of Israel's emergence
as a sovereign nation there
is general unanimity that
Harry's chief contribution
came during his tenure, fol-
lowing the Balfour Decla
tion, as chairman of ti: -
Commission to Palestine.
The precursor of the Jew-
ish Agency, the Commission
had quasi-governmental
status and was recognized
by the British Army which
then administered the area.
During a six-month stay in
Palestine in 1919, Harry
over the objections of many
in the Yishuv, caused the
commission to move its
headquarters from Tel Aviv
to Jerusalem. There are con-
flicting views on his motiva-
tion, but one thing is clear:
this cast the die for the sub-
sequent establishment of -
the City of David as modern
Israel's capital.

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Shumer said that arson
against houses of worship
was a citywide problem that
involved churches as well as
synagogues.

But synagogues catering
to the largely elderly and
dwindling Jewish commu-
nity on the Lower East Side
appear to have been prime
targets of late. The perpe:
trators are believed to be
youth gangs from the area
or outside it.

Arab Boycott Hits UK Jews

LONDON — The Times of
London reported last month
that the Egyptian govern-
ment will allow companies
to "buy their way" off the
Arab boycott list by invest-
ing as much in Arab coun-
tries as they do in Israel.
- The report came out of an
Arab economic conference
that was held last November
in Teheran.
London's Sunday Tele-
graph also reported thattfie
British Department of
Trade and Industry is pass-
ing on to British firms a
.demand by the Arab Boy-
cott Office in Damascus to
remove Jewish company di-
rectors within 90 days.
The demand is causing
fears in Jewish banking
circles. and other fields in
Britain because of increas-
ing business with the Arab
world.
The newspaper reported
that a Jewish woman ac-
countant with i firm of
British architects may lose
her job because the com-
pany is doing most of its

business in Saudi Arabia
now, and non-Moslems
must produce Christian
baptism certificates in order
to enter the country.

Old age hurries upon him
who commits adultery.
—The Talmud

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and, to peace.

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