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April 02, 1976 - Image 48

Resource type:
Text
Publication:
The Detroit Jewish News, 1976-04-02

Disclaimer: Computer generated plain text may have errors. Read more about this.

THE DETROIT JEWISH NEWS

41 April 2; 1976

Israelis Still Angry at Scranton Debut Despite U.N. Veto

JERUSALEM (JTA) —
The United States veto last
week of a United Nations
Security Council resolution,
which deplored Israeli poli-
cies in the administered ter-
ritories and Jerusalem,
failed to dissipate the anger
and resentment following
the speech by William
Scranton, the U.S. Ambas-
sador to the UN, in which he
charged that Jewish settle-
ments in the territories,
"including East Jerusalem,"

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was an obstacle to success-
ful Middle East negotia-
tions.
Anger, as well as concern
was also expressed over the
fact that 14 of the 15 Secu-
rity Council members —
including England, France,
Sweden, Panama, Japan
and Italy = voted for the
resolution which deplored
Israel's "failure to put a stop
to actions and policies tend-
ing to change the status" of
Jerusalem and called on Is-
rael to refrain from actions
against Arab residents in
the administered territo-
ries.
The resolution also called
on Israel "to respect and up-
hold the inviolability of the
holy places which are under
its occupation," and to
"desist from the expropria-
tion of or encroachment
upon Arab lands and prop-
erty or the establishment of
Israeli settlements thereon
in the occupied Arab territo-
ries."
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Scranton, in vetoing the
resolution which had been
worked out by the Coun-
cil's Third World members
in talks with Arab and Is-
lamic representatives and
those of the Communist
bloc, declared that the res-
olution was unbalanced.
He said it did not corre-
spond to the reality of the
situation in Israeli-adminis-
tered territories and that it
was wrong to charge that Is-
rael intended to change the
religious character of Jeru-
salem. He said that, on the
contrary, Israel's adminis-
tration of the holy places in
Jerusalem "has literally and
actively minimized ten-
sions."
Scranton also stated that
the U.S. was trying to
"regain momentum in the
negotiating process to reach
peace in the Middle East,"
and that the resolution
"would not help" such ef-
forts.
Herzog praised the veto,
noting that it was "an effort
to stem attempts to convert
the United Nations into an
instrument of intransigent
despotism and to turn the
discussion on the Middle
East away from one-sided
fiction back to reality."

Rabbi Alexander Schin-
dler, chairman of the Con-
ference of Major American

Jewish Organizations,
who met with Scranton
prior to the vote on the res-
olution, welcomed the U.S.
veto and praised Scranton.
He said he found the envoy
understanding of and. sen-
sitive to "the concerns of
the American people for
the security- and dignity of
Israel as an essential ele-
ment of the just and last-
ing peace in the Middle
East.
Foreign Minis. ter Yigal
Allon said after an hour-
long meeting with U.S.
Ambassador Malcolm Toon
that "without the veto there
certainly would have been a
big crisis, a far-reaching cri-
sis. But thanks to the veto I
think the situation has been
restored."
Nevertheless, Premier
Yitzhak Rabin declared in a
television interview that the
gravity of Scranton's speech
last week had not been re-
duced by the veto. "No
speeches by William Scran-
ton and no resolutions or

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declarations will alter the
fact of Israel's sovereignty
in Jerusalem," Rabin stated.
"It will continue for genera-
tions."
He said that the U.S. cast
its veto because Israel had
reacted sharply to Scran-
ton's speech and the U.S.
understood the significance
of Israel's protest.
"The timing, the place,
the style and the cumula-
tive effect of Scranton's
statement were damag-
ing," Rabin asserted.
The Foreign Ministry, in
an official statement, also
welcomed the U.S. veto but
took strong exception to
Scranton's speech, objection
to its contents, time and
place.
Meanwhile, Jerusalem
Mayor Teddy Kollek said
that Scranton's speech
seemed to prove that even
"our friends, the last and
only country which re-
mained friendly to Israel,"
do not accept Israel's view
on the Jerusalem issue. But
he also castigated the Israeli
government for its failure to
stress that Jerusalem is the
capital of the Jewish state.
While noting that he was
happy with the statements
and declarations of the gov-
ernment regarding Jerusa-
lem, he added that "those
declarations are worthless,


and statements will not
build this city."
Meanwhile, in New
York, the Zionist Organi-
zation of America rejected
White House denials that
remarks made by the
United States Ambassador
to the United Nations,
William Scranton, before
the Security Council, did
not, in fact, represent a
change in the U.S. position
on the Middle East. A
White House spokesman
had termed the remarks
"a restatement of policy."
Dr. Joseph P. Sternstein,
president of the 120,-
000-member ZOA, called the
statement, "a sign that the
Administration is preparing
to impose its own, non-nego-

tiated solution in the Middle
East."

Dr. Sternstein called the
statements a violation of the
terms of the interim agree-
ment with Egypt in which
the United States agreed to
consult with Israel before
making changes in policy.

He said, "the statement,
by defining the U.S. posi-
tion more specifically than
the words of Resolution 242
is a reversal of the previous
policy of American sup
for this carefully phr
resolution as a basis
Middle East negotiations..
"The Scranton statement,"
he said, "while it purports to
support 242, in fact, under-
mines it."

1st Nationwide Vote Supports
AJCongress Boycott Resolution

ward compliance with Arab
boycott demands.
An AJCongress spokes-
man noting that the Con-
gress owned only five shares
of stock in the company —
hailed the result as "a re-
markable demonstration of
public support of our cam-
paign to expose pressures on
American industry to sur-
render to the Arab boycott."
Edwin M. Epstein, asso-
ciate dean of the school of
business at the University
of California and a leader of
Herzog Blasts Arabs, Soviets
the AJCongress in San
Francisco, presented the
in Reply on Jerusalem Issue
resolution at the meeting.
In a statement following
UNITED NATIONS the Palestine Liberation the vote, Epstein noted
(JTA) — Chaim Herzog, Is- Organization had attacked that the number of votes in
rael's Ambassador to the Israel's rule of the West favor of the AJCongress
United Nations, replying in Bank and East Jerusalem. resolution "comfortably
the Security Council last In his reply, Herzog de- exceeded the three percent
week to attacks on Israel's clared that "this whole cyni- required to place the reso-
rule of the West Bank, de- cal exercise is so distorted it lution on next year's
clared that Jordan and is hardly worth the time we agenda automatically." At
Egypt did not do in their are taking."
the meeting, Epstein said
"occupation" of the West
He said the countries that he was aware that Inter-
Bank and Gaza from denounced Israel have given national Harvester offi-
1948-67 what the Arabs and a new meaning for the say- cials had pledged not to
their supporters are now ing "people who live in glass_ comply with the boycott
asking of Israel.
houses shouldn't throw but that what the AJCon-
Speaking during the sec- stones" since they are all gress wanted was a state!
ond day of the Security countries who persecute ment on actual practices
Council's special session on minorities, arrest people as well as principle.
the unrest in the West Bank without trial, are undemo-
The AJCongress resolu-
and Jerusalem, Herzog cratic and oppressive. He tion will be voted on at 22
quoted Arab newspapers said the various Arab coun- different annual meetings
before the 1967 Six-Day tries attack each other for this year. Last month the
War as charging both Jor- these things.
AJCongress announced it
dan and Egypt with harsh
Herzog, in his reply,
had received written assur-
treatment of the Palestini- specifically took aim at the ances from 22 major U.S.
ans under their rule.
Soviet Union, Egypt,
corporations — including
He quoted from a 1966 Syria, Jordan. He said he General Motors, Scott
Saudi Arabian newspaper was "moved" by the So- Paper and Xerox — that
article which said the resi- viet Union's defense of they would not comply with
dents of Gaza were not al- freedom of religion and he the boycott.
lowed to leave the area and said he hoped, and was
Palestinians were not per- sure many Moslems
mitted to work in Egypt hoped, that this means a Tourists' Costs ,
even without pay.
new policy toward religion
in Israel Low -
Herzog also decried the in the USSR.
LONDON (ZINS) — The)
repeated call for Israel to
The Israeli envoy also re-
evacuate the territories. jected the charge by the So- tourist dollar still buys
more in Israel than in most
"For nine years we have viet Union and the Arab
other places, according to a
heard about the 1967 bor- countries that Israel has
ders," he said, even from "Israelized" the school cur- survey by the Financial
Israel's friends in the riculum in the West Bank. Times of 59 countries. On a
price index scale there are
West. But he noted that He said the Arab schools in
even before 1967 there was East Jerusalem and the 41 countries which are more
no peace and while bor- West Bank all follow the expensive than Israel. The
ders are part of the prob- Jordanian curriculum. He cost of a first-class Israeli
hotel room is $24; a good
lem the real heart of it is added that he hoped the
dinner in a restaurant can
the Arab refusal to recog- Soviet concern for protest-
nize the legitimacy of Is- ing cultures also meant it be had for $5. According to
rael.
will give this same freedom this survey the most expen-
Herzog's remarks came as of expression to Jewish cul- sive city in the world is New
he exercised his right of re- ture and schools in the York, being 187 percent
more costly than Tel Aviv.
ply after 11 countries and USSR.

SAN FRANCISCO (JTA)
— In the first vote of a na-
tionwide campaign, share-
holders of International
Harvester last week cast
1,200,000 votes (or 5.2 per-
cent of the total) in favor of
a resolution submitted by
the American Jewish Con-
gress that would require the
company to prepare a de-
tailed report on its policy to-

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