Defining the Optimacy,
in a Destructive Age
Historic Role of
THE JEWISH NEWS
A Weekly Review
VOL. LXIX, No. 2
To prove the validity 'of Israel's creativity, the reader is
presented with a page, reporting the accomplishments rather
than the anxities of a troubled state and nation.
To emphasize the accumulated proof, the political and
diplomatic wrangles have been relegated to the inside pages.
This is The Jewish News' step in proof of the existence
of devotion to the scientific and cultural in an area where
people also must constantly defend life and limb. It is the
proof of the reality of the sacred slogan: "Out of Zion shall go
forth the law."
So much agony permeates society in this age of insecur-
ity and human weakness that the editor senses the obligation
to prove that not all is destructive in this agonized age.
War-mongering is not the unalterable in Israel. Only a
spiritually and culturally strong Israel can provide the faith
and courage necessary for an appreciation of the people's
There is creativity as the reports in the universities and
technical institutes in Israel indicate, of progress in medical
research and in feeding a hungry world.
f Jewish Events
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March 19, 1976
Bar-llan's Hydro-Electric Supply Tunnel
May Solve Israel's Power,Water Needs
Israel Zoo Leads Growth
of Biblical Re-Population
JERUSALEM — When God created the beasts of the
earth, the fowl of the air, the fish of the sea and every creep-
ing thing, He must have foreseen their role in "Zoo Zion-
ism." At least that's how Professor Aharon Shulov, founder
and current chairman of the Jerusalem Biblical Zoo sees it.
One zoo sign punctured with shrapnel during the Six-
Day War is a mute reminder of 110 animal casualties.
RAMAT-GAN — A 50-mile tunnel to carry water from the Mediterranean to the lowest spot on earth,
the Dead Sea, for the purpose of generating electricity is likely to be economically feasible and a final study
for possible implementation should be undertaken, according to a panel of experts in a recently completed
survey commissioned by the Israeli government.
The project, once termed an impractical pipe-dream, has now become worthwhile, says the panel's
chairman; Prof. Shlomo Eckstein, following the recent skyrocketing of energy costs. According to Prof.
Eckstein, head of economics at Bar-Ilan, the project can generate 800 million kilowatt-hours, enough to
satisfy 10 percent of Israel's peak demand electric power 10 years from now.
The total cost of such a project according to a preliminary estimate would be about $200 million at
1974 prices, which would make the project economically feasible since the same amount of electric
power generated by fuel-oil or atomic energy would cost more per unit. Furthermore, hydroelectric
power can be used more efficiently, the report points out, since it can be turned on and off to accommo-
date peak demand periods, something which is much more costly to do with atomic energy.
The cost of fuel-oil, Prof. Eckstein points out, has increased four-fold in the past two years making its
use for generating electricity more expensive than hydroelectric-generated power. It now comprises about
half the cost of generating electricity. In fact, the report notes, Israel can save at least 175,000 tons of fuel-
oil a year on the proposed hydroelectric project which, at today's prices, is worth between $13-$16 million
With small additional investments the project can provide such other benefits as supplying much
needed sea water for the Dead Sea Chemical Works and for other industries in the Negev desert and
possibly for creating artificial lakes along the way for tourism or commercial fishing. The water in transit
may also be used for cooling other electric generating plants, for flushing out municipal and industrial
wastes, and for distillation for inland irrigation projects and other sweet-water uses.
The survey team of eight experts recommended that the tunnel begin on. the Mediterranean coast
near Ashkelon or Ashlod some 30-40 miles south of Tel Aviv and enter the Dead Sea at its northern,
There is no danger of flooding the Dead Sea, according to Prof. Eckstein, who points out that the
existing drying pans installed by the Dead Sea Works plus the pumping out of sweet water from the
country's northern water sources is slowly lowering the Dead Sea's level at the rate of about one foot per
year. The hydroelectric project, in fact, is designed to restore this imbalance.
(A descriptive map of the proposed Bar-Ilan energy tunnel project, and a related story concerning
a Technion study of the feasibility of uranium production in Israel for nuclear power plant develop-
ment, are found on Page 56.)
Weizmann Mathematician's Work More Than Games
Two tenants of Jerusalem's Biblical Zoo.
The zoo now contains more than 500 animals, in-
'iding a complete collection of the some 120 animals
_entioned in the Bible. Re-introducing extinct or near-
extinct biblical species to Israel is central to "Zoo Zion-
ism," says Dr. Shulov, a professor of zoology at the He-
brew University. For example, the Nubian Ibex (wild
croat), dwindling to only a few pairs by 1948, has been
creased to around 800; and the biblical Fallow Deer
,ii3appearing from Israel during the 20th Century will
soon be reintroduced to the Negev and Jordan Valley.
As another element of "Zoo Zionism" the Cameroun
Sheep has been successfully bred at the zoo and sent to nu-
merous moshavim and kibutzim as livestock.
If preserving the animal life of Israel conjures up im-
ages of a modern-day Noah, that vision may soon be reality.
Plans are well under-way, with rabbinical consultation, to
reproduce the original Ark on zoo grounds.
REHOVOT — A new game of strategy designed by
Weizmann Institute mathematician Aviezri Fraenkel, in
collaboration with Prof. Roger Eggleton of Northern Il-
linois University, is now being marketed by Or Da Indus-
tries of Rehovot. Known as Arrows, the game is similar to
checkers but has some interesting twists; moves can be
made in various directions, but only following the arrows
printed on the playing board.
While most professional mathematicians enjoy occa-
sional excursions into the field of mathematical recreations,
Dr. Fraenkel has made the study and design of games one
of his major research interests — and for good reason. Over
the past quarter-century, games have been used increas-
ingly as models for studying conflict situations in the social
and political sciences.
Dr. Fraenkel has been able to analyze completely
the strategies necessary for winning a number of rela-
tively simple games, ranging from a generalization of
Wythoff's Game, the classical version of which is played
in China under the name tsianshidsi, to several board
games of his own design.
By using combinatorial analysis, a discipline also ap-
plied in statistics and biology, the best strategy can be cal-
culated for many of Dr. Fraenkel's games.
DR. AVIEZRI FRAENKEL
Allied Jewish Campaign Opens Wednesday With Ambassador Chaim Herzog
„ Detailed Campaign Stories on Page 56