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March 05, 1976 - Image 18

Resource type:
Text
Publication:
The Detroit Jewish News, 1976-03-05

Disclaimer: Computer generated plain text may have errors. Read more about this.

18 Friday, March 5, 1976

THE DETROIT JEWISH NEWS

Allon Seeks More Aid for Israel From U.S.

ISRAEL
STAMPS

MIAMI (JTA) — An econ-

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omically strong Israel is vi-
tal to the attainment of
peace in the Middle East,
Yigal Allon, deputy premier
and foreign minister of Is-
rael, declared here as he
called for wider economic
aid to Israel from Jews in
the United States and Can-
ada.
Allon officially launched
the 1976 International Inau-
gural Conference of State of
Israel Bonds attended by
more than 1,000 Jewish
leaders from the U.S. and
Canada.
Calling attention to "the
spectacular proliferation" of
Arab wealth in recent years,
Allon stressed that "it rep-

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resented a thrust of the
greatest magnitude to the
economic stability of Is-
rael." Israel's troubled econ-
omy may become "a weak
link in our chain of defense
against the political warfare
of the Arab world," he
warned.
Israel faces "the danger
of a marked rise in unem-
ployment for the first time
in many years," Allon
said. But he emphasized
that it was the result of
drastic measures taken by
the Israel government to
reduce inflation and in-
crease exports. In 1975 Is-
rael's balance of payments
deficit amounted to $3.9

Jewish Agency Executive Seeks
$502 Million for Fiscal Year

LONDON (JTA) — A
$502 million budget for the
fiscal year 1976-77 was pro-
posed by the Jewish Agency
Executive at its meeting in
London last Monday. The
proposal will be presented
at a four-day meeting in
Jerusalem at the end of
March to be attended by the
agency's buget and financ-
ing committee and the
board of governors.
The amount, which allows
for a deficit of $90 million, is
$38 million lower than the
current year's budget. But
because immigration in
1975 was considerably lower
than expected, only $440
million was actually spent.
The executive also heard a
report on fund-raising ex-
pectations for the coming
year, which indicated that
the amount of money raised
would be some $90 million
less than required.
Before the executive
meeting, the agency's long-
range planning committee,
formed last year, spent a
day looking toward the fu-
ture. Max Fisher, chairman
of the agency's board of gov-
ernors, said that the aim of
the committee — "our
think-tank" — was to "try
and do an even better job
with the money we spend."
Two leading Harvard
professors of business ad-
ministration working with
the committee have drawn
up a preliminary report

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billion, the highest in its
history.
Allon noted that in-
creased unemployment
would be a "serious threat"
to the country's capacity to
provide jobs for new immi-
grants.
Sam Rothberg, general
chairman of the Israel Bond
Organization, who presided,
declared that the recent
Brussels World Conference
on Soviet Jewry "must be
supplemented with concrete
action through the Israel
Bond campaign to create
jobs in Israel for those Jews
who would be permitted to
leave Soviet Russia for Is-
rael in the coming year."

353-9000

advocating some changes
in budgeting procedures.
One recommendation was
that budgets should be
planned on a three-year
basis, instead of annually.
Fisher described the long-
range committee as a "great
step forward in the
agency." While he was not
critical of past achieve-
ments, he hoped that in the
future, "we will be even
more streamlined." This
was the first time that
Yosef Almogi, newly elected
as chairman, and Fisher
had worked together.

Orthodox Score
NY Education Suit

NEW YORK (JTA) — An
Orthodox spokesman
claimed that a suit filed in
New York Federal Court to
enjoin city and federal edu-
cational authorities from
assigning public school
teachers to duties at reli-
gious schools during regular
school hours was "a deplora-
ble attempt to deprive poor
handicapped children of cor-
rective and remedial serv-
ices so that they should not
go through their lives handi-
capped."
Dr. Bernard Fryshman,
chairman of the Agudath Is-
rael of America's commis-
sion on legislative and civic
action, also disputed the
contention that the assign-
ment of public school teach-
ers to religious schools was
in violation of a U.S. Su-
preme Court ruling. The
suit was filed by the Na-
tional Coalition for Public
Education and Religious
Liberty (PEARL) and a
group of taxpayers.
It named as defendants
Irving Anker, Chancellor of
the New York City school
system, Secretary of
Health, Education and Wel-
fare, F. David Mathews and
U.S. Commissioner of Edu-
cation, Terrel H. Bell. The
government officials are
charged with implementing
the assignment policy na-
tionally, and Anker with
doing the same in the city.

Cabinet Considers
Charter Flights

JERUSALEM (JTA) —
The Cabinet has decided by
a majority vote to consider
clear and specific proposals
for introducing charter
flights to Israel on a trial
basis.

Boris Smolar's

'Between You
... and Me'

Editor-in-Chief
Emeritus, JTA
(Copyright 1976, JTA, Inc.)

ACADEMICS ON ISRAEL: More than 500,000 pro-
fessors and instructors — among them about 50,000 who
recognize themselves as Jews — constitute the American
academe.
What are their views on the latest developments in the
Arab-Israel conflict? What is their present attitude toward
Israel and American aid to Israel?
A survey on this subject — now serialized in The
Chronicle of Higher Education — offers food for thought.
The results of the survey indicate that while the college fac-
ulty has a consistent pro-Israel record and a very weak rec-
ord of support for the Arabs, the pattern may now be in a
process of changing under the growing liberal-left senti-
ments in the ranks of American academics.
Sociologists Everett Carll Ladd, Jr. and Seymour Ma.
tin Lipset, who conducted the survey, believe that the Mid-
dle East issue is potentially the most divisive political issue
among non-Jewish professors themselves and among Jew-
ish and non-Jewish professors in particular. A solid major-
ity — 57 percent — of the respondents in the survey stated
that their sympathies "lie predominantly with Israel," as
compared to the eight percent who declared themselves pro-
Arab.
An overwhelming majority of 76 percent reject the
Arab contention — recently accepted by the United Nations
General Assembly and some UN Agencies — that Israel is a
"racist and imperialist country." Similarly, 77 per cent as-
serted that Israel has a right to keep the city of Jerusalem
as its capital. Almost three-quarters, 73 percent, urged that
the United States continue to supply Israel with weapons
and military equipment. Almost two-thirds, 65 percent, ap-
proved Israel's right "to retaliate against Arabs whenever
Arab terrorists commit an act of terrorism."
A MARRED PICTURE: All this is good and well. How-
ever, the intensely pro-Israeli picture emerging from these
responses is strongly marred by the fact that almost a half
of the professors, 46 percent, did not agree with the state-
ment that "the United States has an unquestioned moral
obligation to prevent the destruction of the state of Israel."
The survey shows that the majority of the academics do
not see Israel as an American ally which must be protected
from annihiliation. The responses show a clear unwilling-
ness of the majority to have the U.S. do little more to aid
Israel than to send it arms and equipment.
In spite of their sympathies for Israel, the majority of
the professors favor American pressure on Israel "to give in
more" to the Arab demands.
STAGGERING DIFFERENCES: The survey estab-
lished that Jewish professors — a significant minority of 10
percent among the over 500,000 professors in this country
— are more supportive of Israel than their non-Jewish col-
leagues. The difference is staggering as can be seen from
the following high points in the Ladd-Lipset report:
• Almost two-thirds of the Jewish professors would
favor direct American military intervention to prevent Is-
rael from destruction, as contrasted to 20 percent of non-
Jewish professors.
• More than 90 percent of the Jewish academics believe
that the United States has "an unquestionable moral obli-
gation to prevent the destruction of Israel." Less than 50
percent of the non-Jewish professors hold this belief.
• More than 70 percent of the Jews oppose "American
pressure on Israel to give in more to the Arabs." Among
non-Jews only 47 percent expressed opposition.
• More than 70 percent of the Jewish academics are
against America's pursuing "a more neutral and even-
handed policy" in the Arab-Israel conflict. Among the non-
Jewish academics only 21 percent hold this view.
• Sixty percent of the Jews believe that the U.S. should
withdraw from the United Nations in protest, if Israel is
expelled. Among non-Jewish faculty only 30 percent advo-
cate this step.
On the basis of these findings, the authors sound a
warning that "should future political events threaten the
survival of Israel, or press the U.S. to become more directly
involved as a participant in the Middle East conflict, one
may anticipate a campus so sharply divided on these issu
that the conflicts of the late 1960s will appear as relativel y
peaceful by contrast."

Arab Nationalism Growing in Israel

TEL AVIV (ZINS) —
"Israel's Arabs are now en-
gaged in a process of 'Pa-
lestinianization' which be-
gan immediately following
the Six-Day War and has
been intensified since the
Yom Kippur War." This is
the view of Eliyahu Navie,
noted expert on Arab af-
fairs. Israel's victory in the
Six-Day War and the "open

bridges" policy established
by former Defense Minister
Moshe Dayan made it possi-
ble for Israeli Arab citizens
to establish closer contact

with their brothers in the
neighboring Arab world. As
a result of the Yom Kippur
War, the Arab nationalist
feeling has grown among
Israel's Arabs.

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