Jewish State Opposed
1943 Vatican Papers
Claim WW II Silence
Was to Protect Jews
ROME (JTA) — Documents released by the Vatican last
Friday revealed that during the last years of World War II it
opposed the creation of a Jewish state in Palestine and that
its policy of public silence on the plight of the Jews under
Nazism was an effort to avoid endangering its quiet diplo-
macy on their behalf.
The declassified wartime Vatican papers, titled "The
Holy See and the Victims of the War, January-December
1943," showed that Luigi Cardinal Maglione, the then Vati-
can Secretary of State, expressed grave concern over the ef-
forts of Zionism.
In a letter to the Vatican's Papal Nuncio in Washing-
ton, Amleto Cicognani, Cardinal Maglione wrote: "If Pa-
lestine fell under the rule of the Jews, it would give birth
to new and grave international problems and make the
Catholics of the world unhappy. It would cause righteous
complaints of the Holy See and would poorly reciprocate
the charitable concern that the Holy See has had and con-
tinues to have for non-Aryans."
(Continued on Page 10)
THE JEWISH NEWS
VOL. LXVIII, No. 21 <."1 :-72
A Weekly Review
of Jewish Events
.9 17515 W. Nine Mile, Suite 865, Southfield, Mich. 48075 424-8833
$10.00 Per Year ; This Issue 30c
January 30, 1976
UN's Obstruction and Animosity Assailed
Rabin Counters Ford Diplomatic
Concern With Crucial Arms Plea
Israel Lauds Veto,
Notes UN Erosion
JERUSALEM (JTA) — The Israel Foreign Ministry is-
sued a statement Tuesday praising the United States veto
of the UN Security Council's draft resolution on the Middle
East as "an important contribution to the preservation of
stability in the region and to the advancement of negotia-
tions and peace efforts."
The statement noted that Britain, Sweden and Italy ab-
stained and thus had "not lent their hands" to the draft
"which, had it been passed, would have irreparably shaken
the only agreed basis for any settlement as expressed in
Security Council Resolutions 242 and 338."
The statement "noted with sorrow" that "this
harmful move obtained the support of such friendly
states as France, Japan, Panama and Romania". Ro-
mania was one of the six sponsoring states of the draft
measure that demanded Israel's withdrawal from all oc-
cupied Arab territories and the establishment of a Pales-
tinian state. The others, which, along with the Soviet
Union, France and Japan voted for the resolution, were
Pakistan, Tanzania, Panama, Guyana and Benin (for-
merly Dahomey). China and Libya did not participate in
*he voting after an even stronger amendment against Is-
rael that they supported was defeated.
The Israeli statement asserted that the aim of the draft
resolution had been, in effect, to abrogate Resolutions 242
and 339 "and thus to advance the aims of the Syrian-PLO
conspiracy to foil the negotiating process by abandoning the
principle of negotiation and agreement between equal par-
ties." The statement said that Israel's decision to boycott
the Security Council debate which began Jan. 12 was vindi-
cated by the events of the debate itself.
Israel held firm to the view that new Security Council
debate and resolutions could not he a substitute for negotia-
tions under Resolution 242 and 338. The Foreign Ministry
(Continued on Page 18)
WASHINGTON (JTA) — Premier Yitzhak Rabin of Israel pledged in an address to a joint session of
Congress Wednesday that "however difficult the road, however hard the challenge and however complex the
process, Israel will strive with all its being to contribute to the peace of the world by pressing ahead with its
efforts for peace with the Arab countries. This is the driving goal of all of our policies."
The Israeli leader, the first premier of Israel ever to address Congress, also said, "I today declare I am
ready to meet with any Arab head of government at any time and at any place for the purpose of peace
In his half-hour speech Rabin stressed repeatedly that the center of the Middle East conflict was
not territory or the Palestinian issue but the refusal of the Arab leaders to reconcile themselves to the
existence of the state of Israel. He promised that "in a negotiation whose sincere shared goal is final
reconciliation, we shall go more than half way to assure its success." He called for reconvening the
Geneva Peace Conference on the basis of its original terms and within the framework of UN Security
Council Resolutions 242 and 338.
He bitterly attacked the United Nations where, in its present form, he claimed, Israel could not obtain
justice. He denounced the "organization that calls itself the
PLO" the covenant of which, in every paragraph "spits out the
venom calling for Israel's destruction."
Rabin said Israel was prepared to negotiate the Palesti-
nian issue "within the geographical and political context of
peace with Jordan," adding that "when I say Jordan I do not
discount Palestinian representation in the peace delegation of
NEW YORK (JTA) — The Conference of
that country" and "when I say geography, I do not discount a
Presidents of Major American Jewish Or-
ganizations' special committee on Mexico
Monday called Mexico a friend of the Jewish
the future final peace
people and said that relations should be fully
boundaries of the territo-
normalized. The special committee was
ries involved." He added
formed Jan. 14 at a full meeting of the Presi-
that Israel is ready to
dents Conference's 32 organizations to
"give up much and com-
"reassess" the Conference's policy on Mexico.
much on terri-
The special committee said: "We have
tory" in negotiations
reviewed all relevant actions and state-
whose aims are final
ments by the government of Mexico and,
peace and reconciliation.
in particular, (President) Luis Echever-
ria. We are satisfied that a decided rever-
(Rabin will speak to
sal of Mexico's attitude toward Zionism,
the Economic Club of
Israel and the Jewish people have in fact
Detroit on Monday.
taken place. We are no longer confronting
Max M. Fisher will
Premier Rabin and President
an adversary but have regained a friend.
preside at the affair.)
Ford are shown at a previous meet-
Halting of Mexico
(Continued on Page 5)
(Continued on Page 20)
ing at the White House.
Avrunin to Retire; Drachler, Cohen Named to Federation Posts
William Avrunin, executive vice president of the Jewish Welfare Federation, will
Before coming to Detroit as associate director of Federation in 1948, Avrunin
retire effective June 1, and associate director Sol Drachler has been named to replace him.
was regional director of the East Central States for the Council of Jewish Federa-
--'--deration associate director Samuel Cohen will become associate executive director. The
tions and Welfare Funds, and the executive director of the Fort Wayne, Ind.
tions were approved by the Federation board of governors Tuesday and announced by
Federation President Martin E. Citrin.
During the last 12 years of Avrunin's tenure there
Avrunin has headed Federation, Detroit's major
have been major changes and advances in Federation's
Jewish communal organization, since 1964. As chief ex-
member agencies, including the Jewish Vocational
ecutive of Federation, he has supervised the agency's
and Community Workshop, the new Tewish
annual Allied Jewish Campaign-Israel Emergency
Community Center, Federation Apartmer' purcna..
Fund. He was named executive vice president of Feder-
of Prentis Manor and dedication of Bo•email' Hall
ation in 1967.
(An editorial -oh Feders_ni's change of guard
Avrunin, who intends to stay in Detroit after re-
tirement. said. "After 28 vears in the community, Mrs.
Avrunin and I call Detroit 'home'. I'm immensely proud
Avrunin's succe;sor will have re-
of this community both for our fundraising per capita
sponsibility f ,31• Federation's furf4raising efforts and'
and our initiative in local programming.
central Planning services, grew up and was educated in
"Detroit is blessed with the highest caliber of lay
Detroit. He joined Federation's staff in 1957, coming
leadership, many of whom have accepted responsibility
the Jewish Community Center where he had been
within national agencies and overseas agencies as well.
supervisor of the Jewish Parents' Institute.
I'm proud to be associated with them."
(Continued on Page 6)