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January 23, 1976 - Image 38

Resource type:
Text
Publication:
The Detroit Jewish News, 1976-01-23

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THE DETROIT JEWISH NEWS

38 January 23, 1976

An Early Zionist Suffragette-- Maria Reinus

JOE MILLER

and

HIS ORCHESTRA

BY JOSEF FRAENKEL

Jewish News
London Correspondent

Music For Al! Occasions

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626-2767

Gary Sussman

When Leo Pinsker con- .
vened the first Conference
of the Chovevei Zion in No-
vember, 1884, not a single
woman came to Katowice.
Jewish women showed little
interest in this movement,
which concerned itself al-

Professional Entertaimuellt

The
Sheldon Rott
Orchestra

Yet Thou art holy, 0 thou
most exclusively with the
The problem, however, body.
demand that Jews should did not end with this state-
Mrs.
Mrs. Rosa Ellman in- that art enthroned upon the
work on the land, and with ment, though the protocol formed the Congress that a praises of Israel. In Thee did
supporting the colonies in
makes no further mention "provisional committee our fathers trust; They
Palestine.
of it. Not all the ladies were for the creation of a World trusted, and Thou didst de-
It is doubtful, moreover,
"esteemed guests." Three of Federation of Jewish liver them.
—Psalm 22:4-5
whether a woman, even if a
them, including Maria Re- Women" had been consti-
member of Chovevei Zion,
inus, were delegates in their tuted.
own right.
would have been admitted
Its first international con-
ONE MAN
to the meetings.
Maria Reinus (Reines) — ference met during the
Twelve years later, fol- her name will not be found Third Congress — with the
ORCHESTRA
lowing the appearance of in any book on Zionist his- participation of 51 women.
-
Bar Mitzva's
"The Jewish State,' young tory, the WIZO, or the Had- In January, 1901, the
Candle Lighting
Jewesses in many countries
assah — won equality for "Zionist Women's Society"
Anniversaries-Weddings
raised their voices in order
women during the first Con-
in Vienna invited Herzl to
House Parties-Dances Etc.
to gain support of other gress.
speak to them on "Women
Standards to Rock
Jewish women for the Zion-
She emerged like a glow- and Zionism."
$20.00 Wedding Ceremony
ist cause. They desired not ing torch, fulfilled her mis-
He said: "What do women
Freddy Sheyer 398-246 2
only to fulfill their duty, but sion — and vanished. Maria
mean to Zionism? I won't
also to obtain "rights." _ .
was born in Russia, studied
say: nothing. What can they
YOUR WEDDING —
in Zurich, and came to the
mean, what should they
Hilda Tomaschewsky
BAR MITZVA i
mean? Perhaps everything.
dealt with this question in Basle Congress, where she
was very active. She later And if our campaign goes
an article, "What is Zion-
returned to Russia and mar-
ism Attitude to Women's
the right way, this is bound
ried, and her name and
to happen . . ."
Rights?" (Zion, No. 7/8,
WILL BE
Berlin, 1897), Rosa Pomer- great achievement were
Maria Reinus initiated
anz wrote on "Women and soon forgotten.
"our campaign," and the
The women at the First
Zionism" (Die Welt,
Jewish women themselves
Congress foimed a united
found "the right way."
Vienna, August 20, 1897),
WHEN PHOTOGRAPHED BY
and Zionist women formed group, taking a lively in-
terest in the historic Basle
their own societies —
Only one thing that
"Hadassah" in Vienna, sessions — and participat-
passes never to return is to
"B'naus Zion" in New ing in the voting. When
be deplored, and that is
AND ASSOCIATES
Dr. Kornblueh asked his
York, and others.
youth. (Sabbath 152.)
357-1010,
When the first Zionist question it was probably
Congress was opened by directed against his own
Theodor Herzl on August wife and against women
29, 1897, the delegates and "guests" who voted ille•
guests included a number of gally.
It was the formulation of
women who were swept by
the wave of enthusiasm for his interpellation which
that great dream — the prompted Herzl's reply, as
quoted earlier, since he
Jewish state.
Actually the invitations to strove for a quiet and digni-
The
,
the first Congress were ad- fied Congress and wanted to
JANUARY
dressed to the men, but nev- avoid any excited debates on
( Jewelry
ertheless women came to "women's rights."
SPECIAL
But at this, Maria Reinus
Mayvin
Basle, most of them accom-
stood
up
and
declared
that
panying relatives who were
Specialists In
Authentic Navajo
as a fully-fledged delegate
delegates.
Fine
Costume,
Liquid Silver
Only three had been ac- she had taken an active part
Authentic
Indian,
Necklaces
in
the
deliberations
of
the
tually appointed as dele-
gates by their Zionist socie- Congress and in the voting,
Y Children's Jewelry.
Regular $15.00
ties. Yet all of them figured and that she would continue
I Home Parties Available
to
vote

and
she
did.
in the attendance list of -the
For Appt.
To underline her brief
first Congress: Mrs. Alcalay
NOW
(Belgrade), Blance Bahar speech she produced her de-
Call
968-1945
(Paris), Ernestine Ehren- legate's pass, issued by the
preis (Diakovar), Sara Cite- Congress Office. It may pos-
lowitz (Mariopol), - Klara sibly have slipped Heizl's
Hirschensohn (Jessy), Mrs. mind for the moment that
Kornblueh (Frieberg), Ber- three women had such
tha Markus (Merano), Maria passes. The matter was left
Reinus (Zurich), Klara at that, since Herzl did not
Schapira (Heidelberg), Es- allow a discussion on this
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However, in order to
(Charkov), Marie Sokolov
968-1050
(Warsaw), Rosa Sonnen- demonstrate that women
10 Days
incl.
schein (who published the had equal rights, Maria
Israel
air fare
American Jewess, New Reinus asked to speak on
$649"
York), Hilda Tomaschewsky the third and last day of
from Detroit, First Cl. Hotels, rooms with bath, airport transfers
(Berlin), M. Solowei (Vi- the Congress. Herzl, who
1 Week
0
tebsk), and A. Zimmern had probably ascertained
Hawaii
from
in the meantime that a few
(Ashfore).
depending on Hotel selected, incl. air fare from Detroit
The presence of those women were officially de-
women in Basle evoked legates, promised to allow
2 Weeks
great interest. At that time her the opportunity to
Hong Kong
from
women were not allowed speak.
Air fare from West Coast, 65 days advance bookings required
The
fact
that
she
did,
not
to sit in the House of Com-
( minimum fare may increase up to 20%). Extensions to various
mons. Not only in Eng- speak after all was due to a
cities in the Far East are available.
land, but likewise in "coincidence"; instead, she
Mediterranean Cruises 2 oinks
r oernks $649"
France Austria, Germany, spoke on the equality of the
incl. air fare from Toronto.
the U.S. and other coun- Jewish woman, at the ban-
tries, women had no suf- quet which the students had
arranged for the delegates
fage.
Monte Carlo 1 Week
Depart Feb. 22 from Detroit, air fare,
According to the official during the Congress.
Loew's Hotel, transfers incl. Other departures also available.
protocol of the First Con-
Maria Reinus had suc-
gress, no woman had taken
Miami Beach 7 Nights
part in the discussion, and cessfully concluded her mis-
there is only one reference sion. It was followed by the
after March 1, $249 in February incl./Room with bath, Beach-
front Hotel, airport transfers, air fare from Detroit. Special fam-
to "women's rights," as fol- "official" legislation of the
ily plan available.
Jewish woman's political
lows:
Dr. M. Kornblueh: "I, equality.
s69900
The Preliminary Confer-
Tahiti & Moorea
would only like to ask
whether the ladies are en- ence in Vienna before the
incl. air fare from W. Coast, accommodations, sightseeing. Meal
second Zionist Congress
plan 7 Days 'Tahiti addition.
titled to vote or not?"
ALL RATES BASED ON SHARING TWIN BED ROOMS WITH BATH.
President (Herzl): "The (1898) decided that "women
Most departures require ADVANCE BOOKINGS. CALL US WITH-
ladies are, of course, our should also be entitled to a
OUT DELAY!
very esteemed guests, but seat and a vote." In fact,
do not participate in the women were again elected
AUTHORIZED ELKIN & ELLIOTT AGENTS
and appeared again as one
voting."

.

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