THE DETROIT JEWISH NEWS
38 January 23, 1976
An Early Zionist Suffragette-- Maria Reinus
BY JOSEF FRAENKEL
Music For Al! Occasions
When Leo Pinsker con- .
vened the first Conference
of the Chovevei Zion in No-
vember, 1884, not a single
woman came to Katowice.
Jewish women showed little
interest in this movement,
which concerned itself al-
Yet Thou art holy, 0 thou
most exclusively with the
The problem, however, body.
demand that Jews should did not end with this state-
Mrs. Rosa Ellman in- that art enthroned upon the
work on the land, and with ment, though the protocol formed the Congress that a praises of Israel. In Thee did
supporting the colonies in
makes no further mention "provisional committee our fathers trust; They
of it. Not all the ladies were for the creation of a World trusted, and Thou didst de-
It is doubtful, moreover,
"esteemed guests." Three of Federation of Jewish liver them.
whether a woman, even if a
them, including Maria Re- Women" had been consti-
member of Chovevei Zion,
inus, were delegates in their tuted.
would have been admitted
Its first international con-
to the meetings.
Maria Reinus (Reines) — ference met during the
Twelve years later, fol- her name will not be found Third Congress — with the
lowing the appearance of in any book on Zionist his- participation of 51 women.
"The Jewish State,' young tory, the WIZO, or the Had- In January, 1901, the
Jewesses in many countries
assah — won equality for "Zionist Women's Society"
raised their voices in order
women during the first Con-
in Vienna invited Herzl to
House Parties-Dances Etc.
to gain support of other gress.
speak to them on "Women
Standards to Rock
Jewish women for the Zion-
She emerged like a glow- and Zionism."
$20.00 Wedding Ceremony
ist cause. They desired not ing torch, fulfilled her mis-
He said: "What do women
Freddy Sheyer 398-246 2
only to fulfill their duty, but sion — and vanished. Maria
mean to Zionism? I won't
also to obtain "rights." _ .
was born in Russia, studied
say: nothing. What can they
YOUR WEDDING —
in Zurich, and came to the
mean, what should they
BAR MITZVA i
mean? Perhaps everything.
dealt with this question in Basle Congress, where she
was very active. She later And if our campaign goes
an article, "What is Zion-
returned to Russia and mar-
ism Attitude to Women's
the right way, this is bound
ried, and her name and
to happen . . ."
Rights?" (Zion, No. 7/8,
Berlin, 1897), Rosa Pomer- great achievement were
Maria Reinus initiated
anz wrote on "Women and soon forgotten.
"our campaign," and the
The women at the First
Zionism" (Die Welt,
Jewish women themselves
Congress foimed a united
found "the right way."
Vienna, August 20, 1897),
WHEN PHOTOGRAPHED BY
and Zionist women formed group, taking a lively in-
terest in the historic Basle
their own societies —
Only one thing that
"Hadassah" in Vienna, sessions — and participat-
passes never to return is to
"B'naus Zion" in New ing in the voting. When
be deplored, and that is
Dr. Kornblueh asked his
York, and others.
youth. (Sabbath 152.)
When the first Zionist question it was probably
Congress was opened by directed against his own
Theodor Herzl on August wife and against women
29, 1897, the delegates and "guests" who voted ille•
guests included a number of gally.
It was the formulation of
women who were swept by
the wave of enthusiasm for his interpellation which
that great dream — the prompted Herzl's reply, as
quoted earlier, since he
Actually the invitations to strove for a quiet and digni-
the first Congress were ad- fied Congress and wanted to
dressed to the men, but nev- avoid any excited debates on
ertheless women came to "women's rights."
But at this, Maria Reinus
Basle, most of them accom-
panying relatives who were
as a fully-fledged delegate
Only three had been ac- she had taken an active part
tually appointed as dele-
gates by their Zionist socie- Congress and in the voting,
Y Children's Jewelry.
ties. Yet all of them figured and that she would continue
I Home Parties Available
in the attendance list of -the
To underline her brief
first Congress: Mrs. Alcalay
(Belgrade), Blance Bahar speech she produced her de-
(Paris), Ernestine Ehren- legate's pass, issued by the
preis (Diakovar), Sara Cite- Congress Office. It may pos-
lowitz (Mariopol), - Klara sibly have slipped Heizl's
Hirschensohn (Jessy), Mrs. mind for the moment that
Kornblueh (Frieberg), Ber- three women had such
tha Markus (Merano), Maria passes. The matter was left
Reinus (Zurich), Klara at that, since Herzl did not
Schapira (Heidelberg), Es- allow a discussion on this
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However, in order to
(Charkov), Marie Sokolov
(Warsaw), Rosa Sonnen- demonstrate that women
schein (who published the had equal rights, Maria
American Jewess, New Reinus asked to speak on
York), Hilda Tomaschewsky the third and last day of
from Detroit, First Cl. Hotels, rooms with bath, airport transfers
(Berlin), M. Solowei (Vi- the Congress. Herzl, who
tebsk), and A. Zimmern had probably ascertained
in the meantime that a few
depending on Hotel selected, incl. air fare from Detroit
The presence of those women were officially de-
women in Basle evoked legates, promised to allow
great interest. At that time her the opportunity to
women were not allowed speak.
Air fare from West Coast, 65 days advance bookings required
to sit in the House of Com-
( minimum fare may increase up to 20%). Extensions to various
mons. Not only in Eng- speak after all was due to a
cities in the Far East are available.
land, but likewise in "coincidence"; instead, she
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France Austria, Germany, spoke on the equality of the
incl. air fare from Toronto.
the U.S. and other coun- Jewish woman, at the ban-
tries, women had no suf- quet which the students had
arranged for the delegates
Monte Carlo 1 Week
Depart Feb. 22 from Detroit, air fare,
According to the official during the Congress.
Loew's Hotel, transfers incl. Other departures also available.
protocol of the First Con-
Maria Reinus had suc-
gress, no woman had taken
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part in the discussion, and cessfully concluded her mis-
there is only one reference sion. It was followed by the
after March 1, $249 in February incl./Room with bath, Beach-
front Hotel, airport transfers, air fare from Detroit. Special fam-
to "women's rights," as fol- "official" legislation of the
ily plan available.
Jewish woman's political
Dr. M. Kornblueh: "I, equality.
The Preliminary Confer-
Tahiti & Moorea
would only like to ask
whether the ladies are en- ence in Vienna before the
incl. air fare from W. Coast, accommodations, sightseeing. Meal
second Zionist Congress
plan 7 Days 'Tahiti addition.
titled to vote or not?"
ALL RATES BASED ON SHARING TWIN BED ROOMS WITH BATH.
President (Herzl): "The (1898) decided that "women
Most departures require ADVANCE BOOKINGS. CALL US WITH-
ladies are, of course, our should also be entitled to a
very esteemed guests, but seat and a vote." In fact,
do not participate in the women were again elected
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