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December 26, 1975 - Image 29

Resource type:
The Detroit Jewish News, 1975-12-26

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Story of 'The Plough Woman' Recently Reissued
for Pioneer Women's Golden Anniversary

In honor of the 50th anni-
versary this year of the
founding of Pioneer
Women, the Women's Labor
Zionist .Organization, Herzl
Press in New York has re-
issu-ed in paperback "The
Plough Woman: Memoirs of
the Pioneer Women of Pa-
"The Plough Woman"
first appeared in English in
1932. It was edited by
Rachel Katznelson Shazar,
o emigrated to Palestine
m Russia in 1912, was a
leader of Pioneef Women
and the wife of the third
president of Israel.
• The translator was the
late Maurice Samuel, one of
the most eminent transla-
torsand writers of this cen-

ish workers a new spirit was
darkness two Arabs driving
born in the colony. There
animals before them.
was singing and dancing-in
"He shot three times and
the evenings. The children
the Arabs fled. Cases of this
of the settler colonists — a kind were frequent before
handful of youngsters —
winter came; and on one
were drawn toward the Jew- - occasion the thieves were
ish workers. The apathy able to get away with a cou-
which had brooded over the
ple of mules.
place was dispersed, and
"Then the Shomer or-
those colonists who had
ganization insisted that
fought for the Jewis-h Arabs who did not live in
guards felt themselves Corri-,. the village, but- who came
pletly vindicated.
there only for the day's

Michigan's Governor
William G. Milliken is
shown presenting a state
proclamation to Ruth
Miller, president of the
Greater Detroit Council of
Pioneer Women, in recog-
nition of Pioneer Women's
50 years of service to the
women and children of Is-

Mrs. Shazar, during the
1920s, became increas-
ingly invovled with the
cultural activities of the
* * *
women workers' move-
ment. It was during this and- work of the early pi-
period that she edited the oneers and the women's
anthology - "Divrei struggles to work side-by-
Poalot," which was pub- side with the men.
The anecdotes, brief de-
lished in 1930. Dedicated
to the struggles of the Jew- scriptions of harrowing pi-
ish woman worker in Pa- oneer life, and selections on
lestine, "The Plough the settlers' battles with the
Woman" is the English land, Arab neighbors and
governments brings to life a

It was also published in
Yiddish, German and Bul-
The book is a collection of
essays written by the
women pioneers, beginning
with the period of the Sec-
ond Aliya, 1904-14. The
brief essays depict the life

Anne S. Ellias
Plans- to Marry


Mr. and Mrs. Harold M.
Ellias announce the engage-
ment of his daughter Anne
Susan to Dr. Eugene Green-
stein, son of Mr. and Mrs.
- eodore Greenstein of
ker Heights, Ohio.
' Miss Ellias, daughter of
the late Mrs. Ester Ellias,
earned a BA(degree in edu-
cation and MA degree in
remedial reading at the Uni-
versity of Michigan.
Her fiance earned a BS
degree in electrical engi-
neering at Case Institute of
Technology, an MBA degree
at Wayne State University
and a PhD degree in electri-
cal engineering at Case
Western Reserve Univer-
sity. He was associated with
Tau Beta Pi and Eta Kappa
Nu honorary fraternities.
A spring wedding is -


chapter of Jewish history
which can be veiled in the
regular history books.

For - example, Chaya
Sarah Chankin describes
the first night that the
Jewish guards, the Hash-
omer organization, took
over from hired Arab
guards at Kfar tabor in

"One of the women work-
ers, S., told a friend that she
did not want to work in the
kitchen: she loved the sil-
ence and the darkness of the
night, she loved weapons
and horses, and she wanted
to join the guard.
"The young man had con-
fidence in her. He obtained
weapons for her, also an
Arab abaya (cloak) and a
whistle. When nightfall
came they told no one, but
rode out to their posts, and
divided the beat between
"In those days the Jewish
colonies in Galilee were
ringed in by walls., The
young man took the eastern
side of the colony; the
woman took the western

"When the first rounds
had been finished it was
the custom for the guards
to meet and report, and the
presence of the woman
was discovered.

"The comrades were
somehow pleased by the
idea: all except one, who
argued that this sort of
thing could not go on. "We
must not forget," he said,
"that we may have clashes
with the Arabs — and par-
ticularly with the men who
were employed as guards
before we came."
"The man's objections
were received in silence —
and-the woman remained at
her post. But it was decided
to let no one in the colony
"With the coming of the.,
Jewish guards and the Jew-

"The guards were at
their posts- from early eve-
ning until six in the morn-
ing. All night long they
circled the walls on the qui
vive, listening for tke-
slightest stirring out in the

"A whisper, a faint mo-
tion, a glimmer somewhere,
and the nerves jumped. On
the first round they tried all
the gates and doors. On
later rounds they focussed
their attention on the sur-
rounding fields.
"One night, during the
second round, the shomer
noticed that a stall had been
opened. He loaded his gun
and entered the yard. Sud-
denly he perceived in the

December 26, 1975 29

ague Cullen


Weddings—Bar Mitnas

Susan Faye-Gray and
Jerry Allen Lebowitz were

married Dec. 21 in Newport
Beach, Calif.



11 Mile at Telegraph
11-6 Sun.
Daly 10-9:30
13 Mile at Woodward
9:30-9 Daly

work, should not be al-
lowed to stay overnight.
So, step by step, the epi-
demic of thieving was

Sum 12-5


A brief synopsis on each
of the contributors to "The
Plough Woman" appears at
the back of the book, along
with definitions of the var-
ious terms, types of settle-
ments, and some - of the or-
ganizations that are
"The Plough Woman" is a
fascinating account . . . not
only of the pioneer women,
but of all the early settlers
of Palestine and the per-
sonal hardships- and strug-
gles they endured to claim
and tame the land. -

The Weisses Plant Woodland
for Their Golden Anniversary

in Florida.
Their son,. Ernest, and
daughter-in-law, _ Ellen,
their daughter, Rose, and
son-in-law, Hyman Weiner,
and grandchildren and
many friends will attend
the golden wedding in Bal

Sizes 2 to 4 -- 4 to 6x

Reg. $24

Sizes 7 to 14


Mr. and Mrs. Eugene
Weiss of Southfield are
marking their golden wed-
ding anniversary by plant-
Mg a woodland of 2,500
trees in Kiryat Shemona, Is-
rael, through the Jewish
National Fund.
The Weisses are longtime
supporters of JNF. They are
active in the Jewish commu-
nity and in synagogue af-
Mr. Weiss served as presi-
dent of Cong. Bnai Moshe
and was chosen- "Man of the
Year" by Israel Bonds.

They are generous con-
tributors to the Allied
Jewigh Campaign-Israel
Emergency Fund and they
have also contributed to
Yeshiva Beth Yehuda, to
the Jewish Theological
Seminary and to many
other causes.

Mr. Weiss was for many
years in the meat packing
business. The Weisses are
celebrating their 50th wed-
ding anniversary on Jan. 3,
Wlio is honored? He who

honors others, as it is said:
For them that honor me I
will honor, and they that de-
spise me shall he held in
— The Talmud

'34 to 548


Why Go Elsewhere?

-111 ■ I1R. AND MRS. WEISS

to $34

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Winter Coats


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