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November 28, 1975 - Image 4

Resource type:
The Detroit Jewish News, 1975-11-28

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Incorporating The Detroit Jewish Chronicle con, men•iug with the issue of July 20. 1951

Member American Association of English-Jewish Newspapers, Michigan Press Association, National Editorial Association.
Published every Friday by The Jewish News Publishing Co., 17515 \V. Nine Mile, Suite Sti5, Southfield, Mich. 4;4075.
SecOnd-Class Postage Paid at Southfield, Michigan and Additional Mailing Offices. Subscription $10 a year.

Editor and Publisher



Advertising Manager

Business Manager

Alan Hitsky, News Editor . . . Heidi Press. Assistant News Editor

Sabbath and Hanuka Scriptural Selections

This Sabbath. the 25th day of Kislev, 5736, is the first day of Hanuka, and the following scriptural selections will be
read in our synagogues:
Petateuchal portion, Gen. 37:1-40:23 and Num. 7:1-17. Prophetical portion, Zechariah
Sunday, Num. 7:18-29; Monday, Num. 7:24-35; Tuesday, Num. 7:30-41; Wednesday, Num. 7:36-47; Thursday (sixth day
of Hanuka and Rosh Hodesh Tevet), Num. 28:1-15.and 7•42-47; -Dec. 5 (seventh day of Ha it uka and second day Rosh
Hodesh), Num. 28:1-15 and 7:48-53.

Candle lighting, Friday. Nov. 28,


Page Four



Friday, November 28, 1975

Inextinguishable Lights of Hanuka

Lights are shining on . the hills of Jerusalem and in the valleys of Judaea, in the settlements
of the Negev and the Galil and the homes of Israelis and their kinsmen, wherever they may be.
The Menora is lit and is the symbol of life for Jewish communities globally.
Hanuka lights will be shining for eight nights in windows of hundreds of thousands of Jewish
homes throughout the world — even in cities that are dominated by Moslem antagonists and Krem-
lin obstructors.
This is the reality of Hanuka. It is the inextinguishable ray of light for Jewry everywhere.
Glorified for its military significance, because the heroes were the Maccabees and the triumph
was over tyrants and idolators, Hanuka was an occasion for pride in the ability of Jewry's ancestors
to resist danger to its very existence. The festival's importance is not limited to the physical and
the prowess of a nation. It has great spiritual value.
The combined merits of adherence to faith and defense of heritage and resistance to oppression
and the threat of destruction was emphasized in a memorable poem by Emma Lazarus who ex-
pressed her pride in this epic poem, "The Banner of the Jew":

By Emma Lazarus
Wake, Israel, wake! Recall to-day
6 for Jerusalem's trumpet now,
The glorious Maccabean rage,
To blow a. blast of shattering power,
The sire heroic, hoary-gray,
To wake the sleepers high and low,
His five
-fold lion lineage:
And rouse them to the urgent hour! -
The Wise, the Elect, the Help-of-God,
No hand for vengeance — but to save,
The Burst-of-Spring, the Avenging Rod.
A million naked swords should wave.

From Mizpeh's mountainside they saw •
Jerusalem's empty streets, her shrine
Laid waste where Greeks profaned the Law,
With idol and with pagan sign.
Mourners in tattered black were there,-
With ashes sprinkled on their hair.

Oh! deem not dead that martial fire,
Say not the mystic flame is spent!
With Moses' law and David's lyre,
Your ancient strength remains unbent.
Let but Ezra rise anew
To lift the banner of the Jew!

Then from the stony peak there rang
A blast to ope the graves: down poured
The Maccabean clan, who sang
Their battle-anthem to the Lord.
Five heroes lead, and following, see
Ten thousand rush to victory!

A rag, a mock at first — ere long,
When men have bled and women wept
To guard its precious folds from wrong,
Even they who shrunk, even they who slept,
Shall leap to bless it and to save.
Strike! for the brave revere the brave!

The strength of a people with a will to live, the treasured legacies whose inheritors defied
humiliations to retain the faith under duress, the determination to hold aloft the banner marked
by continuity in a destiny of the indestructible — to make Hanuka the great festival that has
provided joy for young and old. Memories become realities for the present while perpetuating recol-
lections of the past. Endless inspiration of the-Hanuka spirit has enabled Jews to carry on their
message of faith against hordes of enemies — through the ages and in the present conflict in which
Israel emerges with Maccabean valor. This is the significance of the eight day Festival of Lights
which will illuminate Jewish homes and communities in the coming eight days.

Avoiding the 'Tired Liberal' Menace

Serious responsibilities confront the liber-
als in all democratic countries. The dangers that
stem from the autocratic and dictatorial re-
gimes, the threats to democratic ideas in many
parts of the globe, the religious wars in some
parts of the world — all call for vigilance and for
action in time to avert trouble.
Because so many appeals to reason fall on
deaf ears, many of the vigilant often become
frustrated, and frustration caused many to be-
come tired of struggling for justice and pleading
for fair play.
More than anything else, the need for the
liberal forces to retain their strength and their
willingness to act in time of crisis is vitally
On issues devolving upon Jews who have
been honored with leadership, this need of pre-
venting tiredness is especially valid.
The battle against the bigots in the United
Nations is a continuing one and may never end,
but the voice of the decent people and the em-

phasis on freedom for even the tiniest of nations
must never - end. The record must be kept
straight. It must not be polluted with the vi-
ciousness of the barbarians.
The Soviet Union and the Communist bloc
is still to be reckoned with, and silence must not
be tolerated. The demonic role of the Kremlin is
in matters involving the Middle East remains an
example of diplomatic terror to be battled
against. The scandalous and prejudicial position
of the Soviet Union on the Nobel Peace Prize
that was awarded to Andrei Sakharov is another
proof of bigotries to be fought to a finish.
In the Third World there are so many evi-
dences of medievalism that the more enlight-
ened people everywhere must be on guard to
prevent escalation of hatreds.
So much needs to be done that the doers
must not tire. The prevention of tiredness is a
major obligation in the ranks of liberals in Jew-
ish communities and the vigilant fighters for
freedom everywhere.

Israel's Zionist, Messianic
Aspects Defined by Dr. Polish

Dr. David Polish, whose Zionist devotions date back to the decade
preceding the rebirth of Israel, has chosen a most appropriate time for
the publication of his sermons and essays on subjects dealing with the
Zionist ideal and Israel's role in the world.
In "Israel — Nation and People" (Ktav), Rabbi Polish has incorpo-
rated a number of his basic works in which he has defined the Jewish
national goals and aspirations, blending them with historical realism
resulting in the statehood for which the Zionist movement had laid the
In the aftermath of the October 1973 tragic events for Israel,
Rabbi Polish supplemented theory with pragmatism in reviewing a
state of affairs that calls for Diaspora-Israeli cooperation and practi-
cality in approaching challenges that could menace the state's security.
The totality of historical analyses which mark these e ays is em-
phasized in the title of the first article in the series — "For Zion's
Sake." In evidence throughout the treatment of Israel's position in the
world is the author's emphasis on the prophetic, and the religious as-
pect receives thorough treatment. He points to the importance of the
messianic idea in Jewish nationalist aspirations in the process of the
striving for redemption. In this respect, viewing Israel's emergence
from the earliest experience in United Nations deliberations, the his-
toric role of Israel and the significance of Jewish aspirations are thus
defined by Dr. Polish:


"We are confronted with United Nations declarations on Is-
rael. We are confronted with church pronouncements on a new
approach to the Jewish people, prompted, we are told, by compas-
sion for the martyrdom of Israel. But we must not permit the world
to appropriate our achievement. The messianic passion came froth
within Israel, not from the world. The United Nations responded
to the reality of a Jewish community in Eretz Yisrael, which it had
to recognize. And the religious community of the world was moved
to a spiritual reassessment by the reality of Israel and not of
Auschwitz. If all that postwar Jewry had been left with had been
the soil of the death camps and not the soil of Israel, then it is
questionable whether the pronouncements would have been forth-
coming. Instead, there is ample evidence to indicate that a massive
effort would have been launched to persuade the people of Israel
that the lesson of its ordeal was the acceptance of the truth of
Christianity. I say this not for polemical reasons but simply to il-
lustrate the more positive truth that just as the Exodus was not
from the side of Egypt, the twentieth-century redemption was not
from the side of the world. 'Not by might and not by power, but by
My spirit, says God.' "

For both Galut — Diaspora — and Israel there are impress'
interpretive definitions as to their inter-relationships and existing
tus in the Polish essays.
Deeply moving is the concluding chapter, a poetic tribute to the
heroes of the Warsaw Ghetto Uprising. In "Reprise: Warsaw — 1943"
Dr. Polish expresses the admiration for courage displayed by those
who resisted the Nazis and declaims a paean of faith in the ultimate
triumph of justice.
"Israel; Nation and People" adds splendidly to Dr. Polish's liter-
ary accomplishments as a rabbi and as a dedicated Zionist.


Par Lagerkwist's Poems

Wayne State University Press has enriched its catalogue with the
publication of "Evening Land" ("Aftonland") by the 1951 Nobel Prize
`winner, Par Lagerkwist (1891-1974) from the Swedish, in translations
by W. H. Auden and Leif Sjoberg.
The classics for which Lagerkwist was aqclaimed included "The
Death of Ahasuerus."

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