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November 21, 1975 - Image 22

Resource type:
The Detroit Jewish News, 1975-11-21

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22 November 21, 1975


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Ethiopian Jewish Residents Facing Cultural Extinction

NEW YORK — The head
of an organization that sup-
ports Ethiopian Jews said
that the ancient community
of Falashas is in danger of
cultural extinction.

Graenum Berger, a re-
tired New York social
worker and the founder of
the American Association
for Ethiopian Jews, said
that he had been told by the
Jewish elders that young
Falashas were leaving the
traditional life of their scat-
tered villages.

Berger, a 67-year-old for-
mer executive of the Federa-
tion of Jewish Philanthro-
pies in New York, has been
committed to the Ethiopian
Jews for the last 20 years.

He has assisted some 400
of them to settle in Israel
and has battled on their
behalf against what he
says has been the indiffer-
ence of internaional Jew-
ish organizations and
some sectors of the Israeli

an interview with New York
Times correspondent Mi-
chael T. Kaufman, is that
not all Jews have been ready
to accept the Falashas, who
are dark-skinned, as coreli-
He added that there has
been little concern shown in
aiding their evacuation to

Israel. Also, at the moment,
the Ethiopian Government
has prohibited anyone from
leaving the country.

Berger said that those
who had gone to Israel had
adapted well and worked as
teachers, policemen and bus

HIAS Reunites Soviets, Kin

The problem, he said in

Two sisters embrace at New York's Kennedy Air-
port after a separation of 36 years, as they and other So-
viet Jewish refugees, brought to the U.S. with the help
of HIAS, are reunited with friends and relatives. HIAS,
the worldwide Jewish migration agency, has brought
4,100 Soviet Jews to this country during the first nine
months of 1975, and expects 5,000 by year's end. Eighty-
eight communities in 29 states are settling the newcom-
ers. An estimated 160,000 Soviet Jews are still waiting
for exit visas from Russia.

Jews Abhor Use of Slander

Judaism takes a definite
stand on slander.
In order to invest the
prohibition of defamation
with the greatest possible
weight, talmudic jurists in-
terpreted the biblical in-
junction, "Thou shalt surely
rebuke thy neighbor, and
not bear sin because of him"
(Lev. 19:17), as meaning
that you may reprove your
neighbor so long as you do
not insult him: but if you
make him blush or turn pale
from shame or fury, then
you have incurred guilt be-
cause of him.

Other biblical exhorta-
tions — like "Thou shalt
not go up and down as a
tale bearer" (Lev. 19:16),
or "Thou shalt not utter a
false report" (Ex. 23:1),
or "Thou shalt not hate
thy brother in thy heart"
(Lev. 19:17), "Thou shalt
not take vengeance, nor
bear any grudge" (ibid.,
18), and "Love thy neigh-

• ' '

Feminist Claims
Movement Used
for Anti-Zionism




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CHICAGO — Interna-
tional Women's Year is
being used by USSR and
Arab countries to promote
Anti-Zionist sentiment, ac-
cording to the president of
America's largest feminist
Karen Decrow said dele-
gates to the international
women's conference in Mex-
ico City last June failed to
"endorse a statement con-
demning sexism . . . on the
other hand, they could en-
dorse a statement condemn-
ing Zionism."
Equating anti-Zionism
with sexism, she said most
delegates at the conference
represented "the nations of
the world . . . (that) ap-
prove of sexism and practice
it . . . the same nations are
anti-Semitic and practice

bor as thyself" (ibid.) —
have all been summoned to
help invest the prohibition
of slander with biblical au-
thority, says the Encyclo-
paedia Judaica.

Instances of punishable
slander are insulting a
scholar, widows and or-
phans. "Mistreating" wid-
ows and orphans means, lit-
erally, causing them
distress. If one causes them
distress by insulting them,
God will heed their outcry
as soon as they cry out to
Him. His anger will, blaze
forth and He will put the
slanderer to the sword, and
his wives shall become wid-
ows and his children or-
phans (Ex. 22: 21-33). This is
a typical instance of Divine
The punishment there-
fore is expressly prescribed
in the Torah: "and a coven-
ant was concluded between
them and the Creator of the
World, that whenever they
cry, He hears them and

Slandering the dead is
also regarded as a great
sin to be expiated by fast-
ing and prayers, while a
court may punish it by
fine, the Encyclopaedia
Judaica reports.

The sages have said that
"he who makes another's
face turn pale in public, has
no share in the world to
come. Therefore, everybody
must be very careful not to
abase another man in pub-
lic, not to call him a name
which puts him to shame,
nor to say anything that
might embarrass him."

Warsaw Ghetto
Wall Destroyed

LONDON — The London
Jewish Chronicle reported
that the last remnant of-the
Warsaw Ghetto wall has
been torn down by Polish
Authorities to make way for
a children's playground.

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