18 November 21, 1975
THE DETROIT JEWISH NEWS
Arab Black-Listing of Ships Seen as Breach of Agreement
JERUSALEM (JTA) —
Israeli circles said last week
that the Arab League's an-
nouncement that it was
black-listing ships that car-
ried Israeli cargoes through . complied with by Egypt
the Suez Canal was an at- -would constitute a clear
tempt to negate a vital prov- breach of the interim agree-
ision of the Israeli-Egyptian ment.
interim accord and that if
The announcement, made
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Other officials here
noted that Mahjour's an-
nouncement had not been
endorsed by the central
boycott office and that
even if it were, Egypt was
not obliged to comply.
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From the desk of
and that aln't no bull
in Damascus by Mohammed
Mahjour, commissioner of
the Arab League's Boycott
office, called on all member
nations to refuse vessels
carrying Israeli cargoes an-
chorage at their ports and to
deny them the necessary
Dr. Meir Rosenne, legal
advisor to. the Foreign Min-
istry, said that this referred
to such services as pilotage
and in some cases fueling
without which transit of the
canal is not possible.
The Damascus announce-
ment said the Greek
freighter, Olympos, which
was the first vessel to carry
an Israel cargo through the
Suez Canal with a consign-
ment of Romanian cement
bound for Eilat, has already
been placed on the black-list
by the regional boycott of-
fice in Egypt.
Two weeks ago, the Liber-
ian flag freighter Sea Bird
passed through the canal
enroute from Eilat to Ash-
dod and was reportedly
scheduled to carry an Israeli
cargo from Ashdod to an
Iranian port via Suez.
The French yacht St.
Anne also passed through
the canal bound for Eilat al-
though her destination was
given as Djiboutie, Ethiopia
when she entered the canal.
The St. Anne is owned by
Club Mediterranee, a
French firm that maintains
vacation resorts in countries
all over the world, including
Israel and several Arab
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(Copyright 1975, JTA, Inc.)
THE EDUCATION FRONT: Jewishness in the
United States stands on four pillars: fund-raising for Jew-
ish communal purposes, interest in Israel, the synagogue,
Jewish education is last on the list; it should be nearer
the top. Without a Jewishly-educated generation, fund-rais-
ing will decline, interest in Israel will evaporate, syn-
agogue affiliation — already low to a point where 50 per-
cent of all Jewish families in the country are not members
of any synagogue — will go down even lower.
Jewish communities do not give to Jewish education
the priority it deserves as a cornerstone of Jewish life and
as insurance for Jewish continuity. The organized Jewish
communities raise about $500 million a year for Jewish pur-
poses, but contribute only about $18 million to Jewish edu-
cation. The Jewish Federations have gone up 127 percent in
their allocations for educational work during the last dec-
ade, and are now more interested in the quality of Jewish
education. However, education is still handled as a step-
Chicago, not New York, occupies first place among
federations allocating funds for Jewish educational pur-
poses. This exposes the New York federation to a very un-
comfortable position. The Jewish population in Chicago is
less than 300,000, while in Greater New York it is about
2,500,000; the number of Jewish schools in New York in
need of assistance is far larger than in Chicago, and the
New York federation raises more funds than the federation
in Chicago. Yet Chicago's allocations for local Jewish educa-
tional purposes is about $2 million a year while New York's
is proportionately very much smaller.
The Philadelphia Federation occupies the third place,
after Chicago and New York, in supporting Jewish educa-
tional projects. Its allocations for education reach $1.3 mil-
lion a year. The Los Angeles Federation spends over $1 mil-
lion and Detroit and Cleveland each allocate about $1
million a year for educational institutions.
The cost of Jewish education in this country is esti-
mated to be a quarter of a billion dollars a year. What does
it bring? The question can hardly be answered with cer-
tainty under the present circumstances, despite the fact
that the future of Jewishness in America hinges on it. All
that is being heard is that the quality of Jewish education
needs improvement and that not enough is being done for
Jewish education by the organized communities.
In the Jewish school system there is, of course, income
from tuition. But, according to the American Association
for Jewish Education, the national average income derived
by the schools from tuition fees is only about 45 percent of
A STARVATION BUDGET: Suffering from lack of
funds — and therefore unable to fully meet its require-
ments as the central body of the Jewish education system
— is the American Association for Jewish Education.
The Association, whose function is to coordinate Jew-
ish education, keep a finger on its weak spots and create a
better atmosphere for Jewish eddcation — to mention just a
few of the provinces of its work — could probably do much
more than it is doing were it given the tools to perform the
job. As it is, the AAJE is hampered in its work by a starva-
tion budget of $700,000 a year, of which one-half must be
raised through "shnorerei" from private sources.
The lack of financial means for the AAJE, as well as
the decentralization of the various groups involved in var-
ious forms of Jewish education, make it difficult to measure
the achievements of Jewish education, or to put a finger on
Perhaps the time has come to arrange for a national
conference of all organizations involved in formal and infor-
mal Jewish education — plus the leadership of the Council
of Jewish Federations and Welfare funds — and to draw a
balance of the achievements, failures and needs in the field
of Jewish education.
The General Assembly of the Council of Jewish Federa-
tions — which takes place this week in Miami — has on its
agenda the Jewish education problem. The CJFWF is striv-
ing towards the creation of a comprehensive national
agency for service and innovation. To what extent this move
will lead to the placing Jewish education higher on the
priority list of the allocations by the organized Jewish com-
munities remains to be seen. However, the move in itself is
significant and timely.
Israel Is Given Large Contribution
. . .
.. . .
. .... .
r NY • •
LONDON (JTA) — An
anonymous donor has given
one million pounds sterling
(more than $2 million) to
The money is earmarked
for Israeli social welfare
institutions, with particular
emphasis on facilities for
the handicapped. The only
condition set by the donor
was that no details be di-
vulged about his or her