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October 17, 1975 - Image 4

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Text
Publication:
The Detroit Jewish News, 1975-10-17

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THE JEWISH NEWS

Incorporating The Detroit Jewish Chronicle commencing with the issue Qt . July 20, 1951

Member American Association of English-Jewish Newspapers, Michigan Press Association, National Editorial Association.
Published every Friday by The Jewish News Publishing Co., 17515 W. Nine Mile. Suite Sti5, Southfield, Mich. -1S075.
Second-Class Postage Paid at Southfield, Michigan and Additional Mailing Offices. Subscription $111 a year.

PHILIP SLOMOVITZ

Editor and Publisher

CARMI M. SLOMOVITZ

Business Manager

DREW LIEBERWITZ

Advertising Manager

Man Hitskv. Neus Editor . . . Heidi Press. kssistani Nes,. Editor

Sabbath Scriptural Selections

This Sabbath, the 13th day of Heshvan, 5786, the following scriptural selections will be read in our
synagogues:
Pentate-uchal portion, Gen. 12:1 17:27. Prophetical portion, Isaiah 40:27-41:16.

-

Candle lighting, Friday, Oct. IT, 6:30 p.m.

VOL.

LXV111, No. 6

Page Four

Friday, October 17, 1975

Human Right to Live and to Differ

John Stuart Mill (1806-1873), the famous
British economist and philosopher, made the
important point that to establish truth only one
person need be viewed as an authority. In
. science and philosophy, in historic studies,
many often differed with a single person or a
few opponents. When the latter proved correct it
didn't matter if the entire society with which
they were affiliated differed. Mill maintained
that if the entire world opposed the one person
of truth, that person emerged as the acceptable
authority.
This human truth compels recognition of
many basic differences that divide people in our
time, in all historic experiences.
It is a basic fact applicable to the disputes
that affect this country in relation to the Middle
East and the Arab-Israel problem.
Drawing upon the views of an authority of
a century ago becomes a necessity when an im-
portant newspaper resorted to sensationalism
in discussing differing views on the current
pressures emanating from the State Depart-
ment and the White House for partial decisions
affecting the war-theatening situations in the
Middle East. The resort to numerical strength of
the Zionist movement as a contrast to the much
larger figure of Jews in the United States was a
shibboleth so puzzling, so confusing, that the
need for proper understanding of the major is-
sues involved becomes a necessity.
In a wholesome society the differing views
on the latest negotiations instituted by Secre-
tary of State Henry A. Kissinger, with the bless-
ings of Preside,nt Gerald R. Ford, do not neces-
sarily imply either obstruction or unjustified
negation. Jews, as well as their kinsmen, have a
right to division in the ranks on the proposed
role for technicians, as well as on the matter of
territorial divisions of the Sinai area
The fact is that since the rebirth of the state
of Israel the Jewish support of the Zionist idea
has become near-unanimous. The lesser numeri-
cal strength of paying memberships in the Zion-
ist movement in no sense reduces the priority of
Zionist thinking. It is regrettable that Zionist
numerocity is not larger, as it should be. But the
supporting factor in Jewish ranks is unquestion-
able.

But even if the lesser figure were to be ac-
cepted as a basis for argument it does not mean
that the minority, if Zionists are to be viewed as
a minority, renders the views of the smaller
group less acceptable to fact.
The Zionist leadership has a viewpoint. It
calls for action and for caution. That compels
vigilance, and the militancy that has been ques-
tioned applies, as it was intended, both to the
U.S. Administration's viewpoint as well as to
Jewish leadership.
An end to secret diplomacy, uncovering of
all facts, might well have avoided the confusions
which have intruded into the vitality of human
relations and the future of the most vital area in
the world where security has become difficult as
a result of the East-West tensions. The debates,
the editorial disputes, the venimous United Na-
tions outpourings could have been avoided, as
they should be, if a single basic factor were to be
dealt with humanely: the fact that the smallest
of the nations involved, Israel, is fighting for its
very life and must not be denied the right to a
normal existence. Only one truth dominates the
entire conflict: the right of Israel to live and to
function amidst the overpowering 20 Arab na-
tions whose wealth has become a threat to the
entire world because of the domination of oil
interests.
Is it too much to ask that civilized society
should recognize that right and should assist in
assuring a small nation's safety?
Unless a great injustice is to be perpetuated
as a demand by a new form of racism and anti-
Jewishness, there remains the hope for an eleva-
tion of the highest principles of humanism. The
press can play its role, especially if it recognizes
the right to differ. Primarily, government, the
religious elements, the press, civilized society,
must adopt the rule of even the smallest of na-
tions' right to live and to function as part of the
world civilized society. Once the path to such
basic rights is denied even to a very minor ele-
ment in the world, no other group is safe and
even the mighty may fall.
Let the mighty judge aright, in defense of
the small and the war-threatened, in the best
interests of all mankind.

Jewish Leaders hip Dilemmas

Spokesmen for the Zionist Organization of
America, who were critical of the Conference of
Presidents of Major American Jewish Organiza-
tions at the recent Chicago convention sessions,
were not alone in demanding a democratized
form of Jewish representative leadership for
American Jewry. The present central body —
and the Conference of Presidents must be ac-
knowledged as, presently, the spokesman for
U.S. Jewry — may have found itself helpless in
tackling the serious issues involved in the Arab-
Israel crisis. But there are occasions when deci-
sions should be made in more consultative fash-
ion. The pressures on Israel, and unavoidably
also on American Jewish leadership, by the Is-
raelis as well as the State Department and the
White House, might have had the same response
if there were a democraticly organized assembly
rather than picked leadership of presidents who
are not obligated to report to the larger Ameri-
can Jewish constuency periodically. Neverthe-

less, closer contact with constituents and a more
consultative form of representative community
would clarify and resolve the serious problems
that have plagued and will continue to torture
Jewry.

An opposition to the Ford-Kissinger propos-
als for the newest Sinai accord was in evidence
at U.S. Senate hearings. It stemmed from the
Zionist Revisionist as well as Kahane's Jewish
Defense League which had utilized a distorted
form of "Conference of Presidents" for its pur-
pose. A democratized form of Jewish activism
would serve to clarify justification for opposi-
tion. A lack of more consultative status for rep-
resentative action adds to distortion, misunder-
standing and such puzzling judgment of Jewish
public opinion polling as caused one Detroit
newspaper to go off on a tangent of misjudg-
ment and uncalled for indictment of the major
Zionist leadership in America.

Yaacov Herzog's Literary
Legacy: Posthumous Essays

The Herzog name is written indelibly in Jewish history. Isaac
Halevi Herzog was Chief Rabbi of Israel. His wife, Sarah Stillman
Herzog, was imbued with dedication to learning and this year earned
an honorary doctorate from Bar-Ilan University. Their son, Chaim
Herzog, became an authority on Israel's military needs, was head of
intelligence in the Israel army and presently is Israel's chief delegate
to the United Nations. Another son, Yaacov Herzog, gained so much
fame as a rabbi and scholar that he was offered the Chief Rabbi's post
in Great Britain. He declined it out of a desire to continue his services
to Israel and to remain an independent advocate of Jewish aspirations
and as an adviser to Israel's chief administrators. He died shortly
after the coveted invitation from British Jewry in 1972.
The latter, posthumously, continues through his writing to be a
spiritual and cultural guide to his people. Herzog's "A People That
Dwells Alone," published by Sanhedrin Press, a division of Hebrew
Publishing Co., is filled with a wealth of literary gems about Israel and
world Jewry, about Jews and their spiritual treasures.
Edited by Moshe Louvish, the volume commences, appropriately,
with two tributes to Yaacov Herzog by the late President Zalman Sha-
zar of Israel and Sir Isaiah Berlin.
The writings and speeches of Yaacov Herzog which provide the
wealth of reading material in this volume present a veritable portrayal
of Jewish experience through the ages, with many emphases on Israel
and the Jewish state's role in this century of turmoil.
Especially noteworthy is the address he delivered May 18. 197-1, in
Durban, South Africa, on "The Permanence of Israel," in which he
expressed confidence in Israel's future, asserting:

A British statesman said to me some months ago: 'Maybe
your analysis is correct, but can you take it, have you the
strength? And who will stand with you? Are you sure that
your people throughout the world are with you?' I said: 'I have
no doubt.' And we in Israel have no doubt. "My friends, the
nature of this epoch is so stirring: it has revolutionized an en-
tire people; it has revolutionized the inner springs of perspec-
tive across the world towards us. With firmness touched with
generosity, with strength uplifted by spiritual understanding,
we can move ahead. We can make this the true beginning of a
new epoch of endless vistas. We face perils. No man can guar-
antee that fighting will not resume tomorrow, that our sol-
diers will not have to again fight bloody battles. But we know
we have the strength to withstand them. The balance of arms
is in our favour at the moment. The strategic balance is with
us because we have the most advantageous strategic lines.
"We may face political isolation and pressures, but we face all
this in the knowledge that we belong to a new epoch and that
the Jew has changed — in Jerusalem, in Israel and across the
world. And though at times it looks dark, the light will reap-
pear. With all the difficulties, with all the pressures, we are
the generation of redemption. Let us indeed be worthy of this
priVilege that defies human logic and supersedes human
vistas."

Many Israeli meanings are defined here. The state building and
citizenry protecting it are analyzed skillfully. In totality, these essays,
speeches and commentaries form a worthy addition to Jewish and Is-
raeli history.
Comments on Israel's relations with the United States and Can-
ada and the Diaspora influences additionally enrich this volume. Arti-
cles on personalities, Theodor Herzl, for example, David Ben-Gurion
and others, and on religious topics, Hanuka, Yom Kippur, and other
occasions, are equally meritorious.
The late Dr. Yaacov Herzog's collected works leave a rich legacy.

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