Jews in Detroit's Automotive History:
The Reflections of An Auto Executive
and Remembering A Truck Pioneer
by S. A. Baram
THE JEWISH NEWS
VOL LXVIII. No. 3
The back page of this week's Jewish News has two follow-up stories to last week's features on Jewish
pioneers in the automobile industry and the Austrian Jewish perfector of the automobile, Siegfried Marcus.
Mrs. Julian Krolik provided information about the activities of Max Grabowsky, who was one of the
early developers of a truck plant in Detroit, and then Pontiac, which was later purchased by the General
Motors Corp. Mrs. Krolik's father, Bernard Ginsberg, was a vice president of the Grabowsky Power Wagon
Co., and Adolph Finsterwald was treasurer.
Frank L. Theylig, for more than 30 years an automobile executive in the Detroit area, writes about the
dearth of Jewish executives in the automobile industry, and lists the few who approached, but never were in
the top ranks of the industry's decision-makers. He also points to a constructive way of altering the
These articles on Jewish executives in the automobile industry and Max Grabowsky's Power Wagon Co.
appear on Page 48.
A Weekly Review
f Jewish Events
17515 W. Nine Mile, Suite 865, Southfield, Mich. 48075 424-8833
in the Law:
$10.00 Per Year ; This Issue 30c September 26, 1975
Jewish Organizations Act to Halt
Comforting of Boycotters by U.S.
Detractors Twisting Facts
to Hurt Israel's U.S. Image
BY MURRAY ZUCKOFF
Editor, Jewish Telegraphic Agency
NEW YORK (JTA) — Within three weeks of the latest Israel-
Egypt interim accord, what President Ford called a "fair and balanced
agreement" had all but been turned against Israel into a most unfair
and unbalanced portrayal of the Jewish state as lusting after U.S. mili-
tary weapons almost at the expense of America's own military needs
and placing burdensome demands on America's strained financial re-
sources as the price for having consented to the accord.
The major dailies in New York and Washington embarked on a
concerted campaign focusing on what they made to appear as Is-
rael's insatiable appetite for U.S. aid, leaking texts and secret
memorandums and undertakings between Israel and the U.S.
The net results of these reports created the distinct impression that
the "most historic" achievement had not taken place between Israel and
Egypt but between Israel and the U.S. and that Israel was the sole
Unquestionably, the leaks to the press reflected the sentiments of
the differing, even warring factions within the State Department, the
Pentagon, the Administration and Congress.
On Sept. 18, Drew Middleton wrote in the New York Times that the
possibility that Israel will acquire medium-range and long-range sur-
face-to-surface missiles "is regarded by qualified informants in Wash-
ington and Western Europe as a significant step toward expanded war-
fare in the Middle East."
Drew Middleton "balanced" his report by relating Israel De-
fense Minister Shimon Peres' statement to the National Press Club
that Israel was prepared to offer a guarantee not to convert the
Pershing missiles with nuclear warheads. But the Times expert im-
mediately redressed this "balance" by showing that Israel had nu-
clear potential and had converted earlier weapons from the U.S.
and Britain to her needs."
In addition, Pentagon officials were quoted in the press as insisting
that the military establishment had not been consulted about the
"agreement." It was also intimated by these officials and dutifully
"disclosed" by the press that the supply of Pershings and F-16s was a
virtual pay-off to Israel for signing the accord.
(.cording to well placed "leaks" funneled to the press, the U.S. had
not '; undertaken a number of secret military accords with Israel
that 1—Liuded pledges for military hardware that could very well dimin-
ish existing U.S. arms inventories but also substantial financial aid that
would take an enormous bite out of American taxpayers' pocketbooks.
Rep. Lee Hamilton (D-Ind.) alluded to the latter when he asserted
last week that the Sinai accord will cost the U.S. $4 billion to implement
which, he asserted is "mighty expensive real estate."
J. William Fulbright (D-Ark.), the former chairnian of the Sen-
ate Foreign Relations Committee, also denounced the Sinai accord
as too costly. Neither Congressman offered a feasible alternative.
Meanwhile, Kissinger reiterated time and again that Israel would
not have consented to the Sinai pact unless the U.S. agreed to station
civilian personnel there and, in fact, had insisted on this proviso as a
prerequisite for agreeing to the accord.
(Continued on Page 6)
WASHINGTON (JTA) — The American Jewish Congress filed suit under the Freedom of
Information Act Monday to require the Department of Commerce to make public the names of
American companies involved in the Arab boycott of Jewish business interests or companies that
trade with Israel. Secretary of Commerce Rogers Morton and Rauer H. Meyer, director of the
Department's Office of Export Administration, were named as defendants in papers filed in the
U.S. District Court for the District of Columbia. On Sept. 10, the Anti-Defamation League of
Bnai Brith filed a similar suit in New York.
The AJCongress action seeks an injunction to bar the federal officials from withholding
their files on U.S. firms that are asked to comply with the Arab boycott. The suit also asks for a
declaratory judgment "that such withholding is not authorized by law." The suit was brought
after the AJCongress exhausted its efforts to obtain the material from the Commerce
Last week, in a letter to the AJCongress, Morton rejected the organization's appeal
from an earlier ruling by Meyer refusing to make the information available. In his letter,
dated Sept. 17, Morton said that reports on Arab boycott requests filed with the Commerce
Department by American companies under the Export Administration Act of 1965 were
"confidential" unless he judged that withholding them was "contrary to the national
Asserting that he was "unable to conclude that withholding of the material you have re-
quested would be contrary to national interest," Morton wrote that disclosing the identity of such
firms "might reveal to their trade competitors valuable intelligence" and could expose them "to
obvious countermeasures and pressure by various individuals and groups."
On Monday, Morton also refused to divulge the information or, for the second time, comply
with a congressional supboena. He told the House oversight and investigations subcommittee
that Attorney General Edward Levi had ruled that he was not obliged to supply the information
which had been collected "in confidence" by the Commerce Dept.
Morton insisted that he did not condone boycotting, but was protecting confidential
House sources indicated that subcom-
mittee chairman John Moss (D-Calif.)
would decide within a week of what action
to take. Moss suggested a congressional ci-
including demonstrations in Cairo, deliberations in
-Congress and Israeli reactions are in stories on
tation against Morton, an investigation of
Pages 10, 13.
(Continued on Page 9)
1975 Book Fair Attracts Noted Authors
Setting a new record for recognition of Jewish literary achievements in
this country, the annual Jewish Book Fair, sponsored by the Jewish Com-
munity Center, with the co-sponsorship of a score of major organizations,
will present 18 noted authors at the programs that will start on Nov. 8 and
will continue through Nov. 16.
Book Fair's opening speaker, Saturday night, Nov. 8, will be Gen. Chaini
Herzog, author of "War of Atonement," who has just assumed the post of
Israel's ambassador to the UN.
The current Book Fair will mark a farewell to the Center on Curtis and
Meyers, with the 1976 Book Fair to be held in the new Center building in
The program will include authors Ruth Rubin, comedian Sam Levenson,
Lucy Dawidowicz, Anne Bernays, Midge Decter, Frank Gervasi, Nazi-hun-
ter Beate Klarsfeld, Dorothy Goldberg, Prof. Henry L. Feingold, Yuri
Suhl, Rabbi Lawrence Kusheer, Zelda Popkin, Rabbi Jack Riemer, Prof.
Jospeh Gutmann, Yehuda Elberg, Miriam Schneid and Esther Broner.
The 24th Annual Book Fair will also include special books and theater
presentations for children and a Yiddish theater evening with Ginetta La-
Bianca, Herschel Gendel and the Music Study Group Chorus.