The Sinai Accord
THE DETROIT JEWISH NEWS
Friday, September 5; 1975 85
New Defenses, Hopes for Peace
Shown at left are five phases of partition of the land of Israel, with the Jewish
area shaded: the 1937 Peel plan, the 1938 Woodhead plan, the 1946 Jewish Agency plan,
the 1947 UN partition plan and the 1949 armistice lines. At right, New York Times
show the change in positions
from the 1974 interim agreement between Israel
and Egypt in the Sinai and the new accord initialled this week.
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TEL AVIV (JTA) — The
The Israeli army is avast- That military disadvantage
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Israeli army's evacuation ing no time in establishing is balanced by the political
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from the areas of Sinai its new defense lines in ac- advantage of freeing the
I - agreed
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to in the interim ac- cordance with the interim Egyptians from fear that Is-
mites 2s . ..: '
cord will take up to five agreement and milita ry rael may tr y
to clo se th e
months and is not expected leaders are assuring the canal. If the Arabs have Force (UNEF) according to Volved in
ian activities. pieces including heavy mor-
to be completed until Febru- public that the ne w lin es peace of mind, th
e ge neral
rocedures worked out by Israel has agreed to leave in- tars whose range shall not
ary, 1976, military sources are more advantageous to said, they may become less working
existing civilian instal- exceed 12 kilometers.
Israel than the old ones.
suspicious of Israeli inten- Aircraft of each side will be
The withdrawals will be-
The total number of per-
evaluation, by Chief tions which could contribute permitted to fly freely up to
The annex provides for a sonnet on both sides cannot
- gin only after the comple- of Staff Gen. Mordechai to the success of the new
the forward line of that continuation of aerial recon- . exceed 8,000:Both sides
tion of negotiations in Ge- Gur over the weekend was interim accord.
naisance missions by the agree not to locate weapons
neva on the military elaborated by Res. Gen.
The burden of establish-
Reconnaisance aircraft U.S. over the area covered in the area which could
reach the lines of the other
interview. According to lines and the evacuation of of either party may fly up by the agreement. The U.S. side.
to the middle line of the will make the reconnaisance
The latter will contain the Gen. Ben-Ari, the main ad- the present lines will fall
buffer zone. Within the results available to both Is-
They also agreed to con-
details and timetable of the vantage to Israel is the mainly on the army engi-
buffer zone there will be rael and Egypt and to the struct no new fortifications
Israeli evacuation;, the as- greatly enlarged buffer neer corps and on military
sumption of control by zone.
established, under Art. IV chief coordinator of the UN or installations greater than
sappers who face the tough of the agreement, an early peace-keeping mission in those agreqci to. The parties
United Nations forces of the
He considers it an asset to and dangerous job of clear-
will not place anti-aircraft
areas evacuated; and the Israel's early warning sys- ing minefields and destro y- warning system entrusted the Mideast.
missiles within an area of 10
advance of Egyptian forces tem in the event that Egyp
un erground bunkers, as detailed in a separate
The agreement limits kilometers from their re-
in the limited forces spective lines. UN forces
the agreement, mainly
proposal which is part of
The wide area of the
zones of both sides to: eight will conduct inspections to
along the coast of the Gulf northern Sinai plateau is military installations that the agreement.
cannot be moved, military
Authorized personnel will standard infantry batal- insure that the agreements
ideal for the marshalling sources said.
have access to the buffer lions; 75 tanks; 60 artillery are observed in all -respects.
Egyptian civilian oil ex- of Israeli armor and
The new line runs south- zone for transit to and from
perts are expected to take should the Egyptians at-
over the evacuated Abu tempt to break through the wards from the Mediterra- the early warning stations.
Rodeis oilfields in south- Mitle and Gidi passes, nean, near Rumani, through In that area, the UNEF will
western Sinai within they would be involved in a a hilly region where it turns assure that there are no mil-
about two weeks. They tank battle under condi- eastward to the entrances of itary or para-military forces
the Gidi and Mitle passes of any kind or military for-
will be working with Ital- tions favoring Israel.
and then west again toward tifications or military in-
ian experts who were oper-
Gulf of Suez.
ating the oilfields for the
stallations. It w
The agreement will
new line runs parallel checkpoints andill establish
— In broad terms, the
Egyptians prior to the 1967
not be effective until
second stage accord ini-
Egypt and Israel have
the Suez Canal, he said.
tialled by Israel and negotiated technical
of the Abu Rodeis oilfields. perform its functions.
Egypt this week contains
The army is already en-
protocols to the agree-
* * *
Egyptian civilians and
gaged in a massive moving
four parts: a public Israe- ment and the U.S. Con-
third-country civilian oil-
operation that will remove
li-Egyptian agreement gress approves the em-
field personnel will have the
U.S. Jews Mixed on Accord
every portable object of right to enter and exit from
covering new lines in
ployment of American
NEW YORK (JTA) — The
Sinai and political
But Dr. Joseph P. military value including
civilian technicians to
work and to live in the area
Conference of Presidents of Sternstein, president of pre-fabricated structures,
pledges; an appendix con-
of the oilfields, except for
man the monitoring
Mainr American Jewish the Zionist Organization observation posts and
taining maps and guide- stations. Reportedly
izations and the of America, urged that the barbed wire.
lines for negotiators in
they will not number
. ___—__ :.an Jewish Commit- American people "not beA new line of bunkers is
Geneva who will work more than 200.
tee expressed 'fie this misled into understanding being built on the new
out the exact new troop
will be allowed to perform
The understanding be-
week that the new Israeli- the agreement as the re- lines and as minefields are
positions that will follow
tween Israel and the U.S.
Egyptian interim agree- suit of brilliant diplomacy cleared in the area that
a further Israeli pullback
will be given to the rele-
among the civilian popula-
lead to a just or as a triumph of a ne
will become the United _ tion in such numbers and
in Sinai; a doc- vant committees of the
an last i ng peace in the tiation for peace."
ument covering the sta- House and Senate but
equipped with such weap-
tioning of American civil- will not be announced to
He asked instead that the zone, new minefields are ons as provided for in the
Rabbi Arthur Hertzberg, accord be viewed as "the being laid in the forward military protocols to be
ian technicians in the the public, an official
acting chairman of the Pres- product of brute and cruel areas of the Israeli mili- worked out at Geneva.
buffer zone between Is-
idents Conference, declared pressure that has. victimized tary zone.
raeli and Egyptian
He said the amount of
Entry and exit from the
in a statement issued late Israel and encouraged
The last positions to be area by land, sea or air
troops; and an under-
increased U.S. aid to Is-
Sunday: "Israel has taken enemies to regard the evacuated by Israel will be
standing between the
rael called for under the
will be only through
the risks for peace that United States as their new- Balooza on the Mediterra-
United States and Israel agreement has not been
UNEF checkpoints which
'resident Ford and Secre- est bludgeon against the nean coast and Tassa, on the will be established on the
containing 26 paragraphs determined. Israel re-
tary Kissinger have said Jewish State." Refidim-Suez Canal road.
which will not be made portedly has requested
dividing lines of the buffer
were essential to progress
The Zionist leader under-The new lines are defined zone and at other oints.
public. more than $2 billion.
toward ending the conflict scored in this connection in the annex to the interim
The two sides report- It was also announced
Their precise location will
in the Middle East.
that American behavior was agreement. As in the earlier
edly agreed that there that Egypt would not
be determined by the mili-
"We can afford no illu- in "contradiction of pledges disengagement agreement,
would be two manned make a public promise to
sions about this or any other given by President Ford and the buffer zone is flanked on Access to air space and
American monitoring ease the economic boy-
stations and four un-
agreement; no arrangement his predecessors that the both sides by zones of lim- the coastal area evacuated
cott against Israel or
is better than the intentions U.S. would not impose a set- ited forces and armaments. by Israel will be limited to
manned stations in the
tone down its political
performance of the par- tlement between Israel andAccess to the buffer zones unarmed civilian helicopters
buffer zone to detect viol-
propaganda but would
ations of the cease-fire
,ies." the Arab states. will be controlled by the and transport planes and
give secret undertakings
over the next three years.
United Nations Emergency unarmed civilian vessels in-
on those matters.
The New Sinai Agreement