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August 22, 1975 - Image 18

Resource type:
Text
Publication:
The Detroit Jewish News, 1975-08-22

Disclaimer: Computer generated plain text may have errors. Read more about this.

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18 Friday, August 22, 1975

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THE DETROIT JEWISH NEWS

Arabs Plan to Pare Boycott List

NEW YORK (JTA) — The
Arab Boycott office an-
nouncement Monday that
Volkswagen may be re-
moved from the Arab
blacklist because it has
given "satisfactory" evi-
dence of boycotting Israel
was termed by the Anti-
Defamation League of Bnai
Brith "a typical Arab ploy."
According to Seymour
Graubard, ADL chairman,
Volkswagen, one of the larg-
est car-selling agencies in
Israel, never violated Arab
boycott regulations which
prohibit such things as part-
nerships, plants and patents
in Israel, but not sales in
that country of finished
products manufactured out-
side.
An ADL investigation of
the announcement in Cairo
by Arab Boycott Commis-

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Invitations and
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sioner Mohammed Mahgoub
revealed that VW is continu-
ing to sell its cars in Israel,
Graubard said.

A VW official said that
the company is negotiating
with the Arab Boycott of-
fice with the obvious pur-
pose of getting itself re-

Hadassah Hospital
Wing Dedicated
on Mount Scopus

JERUSALEM, (JTA) —
The first dedication cere-
mony to take place at Had-
assah's Mount Scopus Hos-
pital since 1948 was
celebrated here last week to
mark the dedication of the
Joseph and Rebecca Meyer-
hoff emergency wing.
The Mount Scopus Hospi-
tal was opened by Hadassah
in 1939 to become a famed
medical center in the Middle
East and then evacuated in
1948 when access was cut
off by Jordan. For 19 years
the hospital lay dormant in
a UN-supervised no-man's
land until Jerusalem was
reunited in 1967.
Joseph Meyerhoff, the
Baltimore philanthropist
and communal leader, is
chairman of the Bnai Brith
Hillel Foundations and a
former United Jewish Ap-
peal national chairman.

Pia no Lessons

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ABE CHEROW, President

moved from the blacklist
but refused to comment
further.

Audi, a VW subsidiary,
had licensed production in
Israel of the Wankel Rotary
Engine before Audi was
purchased by VW. That li-
cense is still in effect and is
being implemented by an Is-
raeli company which is
manufacturing the engine.
More than 100 other com-
panies, including the British
automaker Leyland, have
also presented "satis-
factory" evidence to the
Arab Boycott of Israel office
that they have severed rela-
tions with Israel.
Mahgoub said that boy-
cott officials N•ill decide Sat-
urday whether to remove
the companies' names from
the blacklist that prevents
them from doing business in
any of the 20 Arab League
nations.

A number of large com-
panies such as Ford Motor

Jewish Philatelic
Reference Printed

TORONTO — "Judaica
Post," the pioneering publi-
cation in philatelic Judaica
and the standard reference
in its field, will resume pub-
lication this fall according
to an announcement by its
publishers, "Holy Land Ju-
daica" of Toronto.
The hi-monthly, 32-page
journal will cover the entire
range of Judaica as re-
flected philatelically and
numismatically: the Bible;
history of the Jews; the ori-
gins of the Judeo-Christian
civilization; contributions of
Jews to Western civiliza-
tion; Jews on stamps; the
Jewish religion; Jewish in-
stitutions; the role of non-
Jews in Jewish history; the
land of Israel and the state
of Israel.
The "Judaica Post" is ed-
ited by Dr. Eli Grad, an in-
ternationally known phila-
telic-numismatic scholar
who is president and dean of
faculty of the Hebrew Col-
lege of Brookline, Mass. He
is a former educational di-
rector of Detroit's Cong.
Shaarey Zedek.
For subscription informa-
tion, write Holy Land Ju-
daica, 3018 Bathurst St., To-
ronto, Ontario, Canada,
M6B 3B6.

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Co., Sony Corp. and Coca
Cola may remain on the
bladklist even though they
have presented docu-
ments, Mahgoub said,
"because we believe their
data are not fully satisfac-
tory."

Henry Ford II told The
Jewish News several weeks
ago that his company would
like to do business in Arab
lands, but will continue to
do business in Israel.
Meanwhile, Elmer L.
Winter, president of the
American Jewish Commit-
tee, has applauded the ac-
tion of State Rep. Arthur L.
Berman (D-Chicago), who
recently introduced in the
Illinois legislature three
bills designed to combat
Arab pressures on banks,
government agencies, and
shipping companies to dis-
criminate against Jews and
corporations that do busi-
ness with Israel.
The three bills prohibit
discrimination by state-
chartered banks against in-
dividuals or companies be-
cause they appear on Arab
blacklists; prohibit financial
institutions, government
agencies and shipping com-
panies from entering into
contracts containing provi-
sions that discriminate on
the basis of race, color,
creed, national ancestry,
sex, or ethnic or religious
background; and forbid dis-
criminatory acts by foreign
governments on the basis of
ethnicity or religion.
The bills have been passed
by the legislature and now
await the signature of Gov.
Daniel Walker.
* * *

French Car Firm

to Build in Syria

PARIS (JTA) — Peugeot,
the French automobile firm,
has contracted to build an.
assembly plant in Syria.
The $20 million contract
covers the construction of a
plant which will assemble
10,000 automobiles a year.

Helping Poor Israel Youth
Seen as Full-Time Task

By MINDY YOCHELSON

(('opyright 1975, JTA, Inc.)

One of the most crucial
problems facing Israel to-
day is its depreciating man-
power. "Every individual
must produce more or our
society cannot survive," said
Dr. Chaim Adler, director of
the National Council of Jew-
ish Women's (NCJW) Cen-
ter for Research in Educa-
tion of the Disadvantaged.
According to Dr. Adler, a
section of the population
that must he pushed up the
education ladder are the dis-
advantaged so "they can be
of greater avail to Israeli
society." The Israeli disad-
vantaged or individuals "not
able to fulfill their potential
and are thus handicapped in
assuming social roles," are
mainly Jews that immi-
grated to Israel in the 1950s
. from the Oriental or Mid-
eastern countries such as
Iraq, Iran, Morocco, Tunisia
and Algiers.
These people had large
families but few opportuni-
ties for increased income.
Although they had a high
commitment to education
(80 (7; of all Israeli young-
sters went on to the ninth
grade before it was made
compulsory in 1969) the
children of the Oriental
Jews, according to Dr. Ad-
ler, "couldn't make it in
school."

He attributed this to two
causes. First, the Oriental
Jews came from countries
where there was no tradi-
tion of modern education.
In addition to learning a
new language, the parents
of these youngsters
couldn't help them with
school because they had no
education themselves. The
second cause of the school
failure among the Oriental
Jews was the absorption
policies of Israel in the
early 1950s.

But today, Dr. Adler
noted, the outlying towns
have developed to self-suffi-
ciency: There has . been a
chan-ce for certain people in
Racquet Club
the town to become the
"local elite." The towns now
to Be Largest
have upper, lower and mid-
. The world's largest indOor dle classes and the people
tennis facility is now being living there have a commit-
constructed in Southfield by ment to their localities.
the International Tennis
To deal with the disadvan-
Corporation.
taged, the Ministry of Edu-
The complex, which is due cation took 20 priority
for completion in early 1976, areas, in both slums and
will he composed of the re- developing towns, and de-
novated Franklin Racquet cided to concentrate their
Club and additional con- efforts in solving the prob-
struction which will create a lems of education for the
building with 20 indoor ten- disadvantaged in these 20
nis courts and 20 handball/ areas. Projects range from
rackethall courts, plus five those involving early child-
outdoor tennis courts and hood education to remedial
four platform tennis courts. work to working with par-
The complex will also be ents.
the home of the Franklin
The main job of the
Tennis Academy, the Mid- NCJW center is to do follow-
west's biggest teaching fa- up evaluation and research
cility. The Academy will be on projects devoted to aiding
the center of activity for the the disadvantaged. The cen-
Racquet Club's Department ter is financed through a
of Tennis Education.
grant from the NCJW and
supplemental funds come
from the Ministry of Educa-
Man Is Judged
tion. The 12 researchers at
As he is now, man's the Hebrew University cen-
judged on high, not as he ter work in evaluating five
may be by-and-by. main areas: pre-school pro-

ml

out-of-school education, in-
tegration and policy or-
iented research. •

Dr. Adler explained that
since 1948 Israel has had
three major plans for
tackling the problems of
education for the disad-
vantaged. The first plan
took the form of "admin-
istrative measures" such
as the abolishment of class
repetition or what Dr. Ad-
ler calls "white washing of
problems." An example he
gave of white washing is
the lowering of scores on
secondary school scholar-
ship exams so Oriental
Jews and other disadvan-
taged youth would be able
to take advantage of de-
creased tuition.

The second phase was
what Dr. Adler calls
"compensatory education."
Disadvantaged students
were compensated for their
poor environment by being
given more time in school
with special classes.
Although phases one and
two were not entirely given
up, Israel is now in its third
phase of education for its
disadvantaged. This phase is
what Dr. Adler calls "in-
tegration" and has set the
tone for educational reform -
in Israel since 1968.
The Israeli school system
was formerly divided into a
compulsory kindergarten-
through-eighth grade; sec-
ondary education was nei-
ther free nor compulsory, he
said. Since 1969, ninth grade
has been added as compul-
sory and the system has
been divided into kindergar-
ten-through-sixth grade and
a seventh-through-ninth
grade junior high school.

There are now four jun-
ior high schools in Jerusa-
lem, 50 percent of which
are academic. All of Haifa
and part of Tel Aviv is on
this new system, expected
to be completed in the late
1970s. Dr. Adler feels that
with a new curriculum,
new teachers and new
buildings "disadvantaged
students will have a
chance of being success-
ful."

The NCJW center must
now discover just how suc-
cessful or unsuccessful this
third education plan of inte-
grated junior high schools
has been. The center does
the follow-up studies of so-
cial reform while they're
being implemented.
Although the Oriental
Jew has been pictured as the
disadvantaged, locally-born
children of all backgrounds
have advantages over recent
immigrants, such as chil-
dren from the Soviet Union.
"The Russians that come
from the urban areas are al-
ready Westernized. They fit
well into Israeli society and
ha. ve advantages over the
second generation Orien-
tals. But the Russians who
are not from big cities are
parallel to the Oriental Jews
when it comes to coping
with schoOl," he said.
Even immigrants from
North America have their
special problems in coping
with the Israeli school sys-

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