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July 11, 1975 - Image 20

Resource type:
Text
Publication:
The Detroit Jewish News, 1975-07-11

Disclaimer: Computer generated plain text may have errors. Read more about this.

20 Friday, July 11, 1975

THE DETROIT JEWISH NEWS

Resolution Applauds MSU

State Sen. Daniel S.
Cooper (D-Oak Park) has in-
troduced a resolution in the
Legislature commending
Michigan State University's
refusal to participate in an
evaluation of the University
of Riyadh, Saudi Arabia,
after a Jewish professor at
MSU was barred from

working. on the program.
MSU, and the Universi-
ties of Indiana, Illinois, Wis-
consin and Minnesota an-
nounced last week that they
are ending the project after
MSU's Dr. Ralph Smuckler,
dean of international pro-
grams, was refused a visa
for an inspection visit.

History of Jewish music

Detailed in 'Encyclopedia'

NEW YORK — Exhaus-
tive musicological and bio-
graphical information about
Jewish music, its compos-
ers, and musical develop-
ments are brought together
for the first time in Cantor
Macy Nulmari's "Concise
Encyclopedia of Jewish
Music" (McGraw-Hill).
This one-volume compila-
tion introduces the reader to
Jewish music of every pe-
riod and place throughout
the ages, and brings the mu-
sical practices of Judaism
into contemporary focus. It
discusses such topics as
aliya and hatikva which
have appeared in general en-
cyclopedias but have never
before been studied in terms
of musical history, general
information, and meaning.
The background of many
compositions and songs that
utilize the Jewish idiom and
are currently performed
throughout the world, such
as Jeremiah Symphony,
Havah Nagilah, La Juive,

and Jerusalem of Gold, is
also covered in this compre-
hensive work.
Music is discussed as it
relates to the Bible, Mish-
nah, Talmud, and Codes,
and as it is used on the
Sabbath and festivals in
the synagogue, home, and
community. Technical
terms and vocabulary
found in Jewish music are
full explained.

Featured among the 500
entries, arranged alphabeti-
cally, are articles on Jewish
musical instruments, Kol
Nidre, its liturgical back-
ground and characteristics,
Israeli music, and the prac-
tice of Psalm singing in the
Jewish culture. A chronol-
ogical listing of highlights
in the history of Jewish
music is also provided.

Director of the Cantorial
Training Institute of Yesh-
iva University, Cantor Macy
Nulman also holds a profes-
sorship in music at Brook-
lyn College.

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Behrmann Elected

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Behrmann has been elected
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British Block Condemnation, Equate Bombing With Moyne

PARIS (JTA) — A resolu-
tion before the European
Common Market parlia-
ment which condemns last
Friday's terrorist bombing-
in Jerusalem and cites the
Palestine Liberation Organ-
ization as a threat to world
peace, was blocked Tuesday
by British representatives
who compared the Jerusa-
lem outrage to the assassi-
nation of Lord Moyne by
two members of the Jewish
underground Stern Group
in Cairo in 1944.
As a result, a vote on the
draft submitted by socialist,
Christian Democrat and lib-
eral members, was post-
poned.
Peter Kirk, a conservative

MP who heads the British
delegation to the Common
Market parliament cur-
rently in session in Strass-
hourg, argued that it was a
mistake to try to make-dis-
tinctions between individual
acts of terror.
He said the Jerusalem
blast and the assassina-
tion of Lord Moyne, the
British Resident Minister
in the Middle East, were
equally reprehensible,
even if separated by 30
years. He noted that the
bodies of Moyne's killers
were returned to Israel by
Egypt a week ago and
given a state funeral with
full military honors in Je-
rusalem.

*

Terror Bombing Condemned

NEW YORK (JTA) — The
terrorist bombing which
killed 14 persons and
wounded 73 in Jerusalem
was condemned by Frank R.
,Lautenberg, general chair-
man of the United Jewish
Appeal, who declared:
"This is a time of shame
and horror. Wanton violence
again stains the Jewish
homeland and everyone of
our lives. Such savageness
reflects the cowardice of
those who live by violence,
and the indifference of a
world which has allowed hu-
man suffering to continue in
the Middle East.
"For this evil to occur on
July 4th, a day all Ameri-
cans take great pride in, is
to recall our own nation's
struggle for freedom and
safety, and remind the
world that those who live by
violence are sure to lose
their cause and pay the cost.
I'm sure that this terrorism
will only strengthen the
morale of the people of Is-
rael and the American Jew-
ish community will draw
great strength and courage
from their brethren."
About 100 persons joined
in a demonstration Friday
sponsored by the Student
Struggle for Soviet Jewry to
protest the terrorist. bomb-
ing. The group assembled at
the Isaiah Wall across from

the United Nations and then
marched to the United
States Mission to the UN
where they demanded that
the U.S. provide adequate
security for Israel.
In London, The Board of
Deputies of British Jews
and the British Zionist Fed-
eration registered their
profound horror and out-
rage at the terrorist bomb
atrocity. Lord Fisher, the
Board president, cabled a
message to President
Ephraim Katzir.
The British ZiOnist Feder-
ation, in a statement, also
offered its deep sympathy
and condolences to the state
and people of Israel and said
it was "alarmed at the world
community's failure to out-
law Arab terrorism, and in
particular the PLO with its
murderous offshoots, whose
stated policies lauded as
heroic acts find expression
in cowardly massacres of
women and children."
The ZF also called upon
the British government "to
use its good offices in the
United Nations, as well as
with those governments
that permit the free opera-
tions of PLO offices in their
respective countries, to ban
their insidious and destruc-
tive activities which pose a
direct threat to their insti-
tutions and way of life."

Kirk also warned that the
resolution could jeopardize
the European-Arab Dia-
logue which he termed "one
of the most fruitful initia-
tives taken by the (Euro-
pean Economic) Commu-
nity." The resolution urges
the EEC to break off the
dialogue until the PLO ren-
ounces the use of force.
The Vatican meanwhile

Cultural Center
Donated to Israel

NEW YORK (JTA) — The
Paley Center, a new three-
level cultural facility de-
voted to an extensive study
of both Jewish and Arab
arts, was donated to the Is-
rael Museum by William S.
Paley, chairman of the
board of CBS Inc.
Ground will be broken for
the center by Aug. 1 and is
expected to be completed
within a year. The center
will cost an estimated $1
million, including the price
of the land which was do
nated by the Israel Mu-
seum.
The building is being es-
tablished by Paley in honor
of his mother, Mrs. Goldie
Drell Paley, 94, of Philadel-
phia and Palm Beach.

has condemned both the ter-
rorist bombing in Jerusalem
and Israeli retaliatory raids
into southern Lebanon that
followed. Vatican spokes-
man Federico A lessandrini
told reporters Monday that
"the deploration and pain of
the Holy See for episodes of
terrorism and acts of vio-
lence have been expressed
more than once. _
"They are vigorously cor
firmed today, not only fC
the Israeli incursion which
has struck Lebanon which
moreover is going through a
difficult moment in its life,
but even before. the attack
which spread a massacre
last Friday in Jerusalem
and for which Palestinian
organizations have claimed
responsibility."

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The first verse of the
"Shema" is chanted when
taking out the Torah on the
Sabbath and on festivals
and not on weekdays.
Not all the prayer books
include this chant. For ex-
ample, the oriental Se-
phardic prayer books in
many versions do not con-
tain it. The source for in-
cluding it is the Talmudic
tractate Masseket Soferim
(Chapter 14). The reason
seems to be rather vague.
Some claim (Rabbi Jacob
Emden) that this is done for
the sake of those who may
have come late to the Sab-
bath morning services and
missed the recitation of the
.Shema in its appropriate
time. Since the "Shema"
.must be recited by a certain
time,theyre in riodjosition

to wait until after the read-
ing of the Torah to recite it
and so it is recited before
the Torah reading.
Basically, the first verse
of the Shema is the Jew's
basic declaration of the
faith. Since the faith of the
Jew is inextricably bound
up with the Torah, the oc-
casion of taking the Torah
from the ark is indeed an
occasion for the proclama-
tion of the faith.
The reason for its absence
on weekdays is because on
weekdays the services are
held earlier so that people
can get to work — thus the
worshippers will indeed be
reciting the Shema on time
even if some recite it after
the Torah reading. Also, the
week-day morning services
are shorter than that of the
Sabbath and so some ad-
denda were eliminated on
weekdays.



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Chanting the `Shema'

By RABBI SAMUEL FOX
(Copyright, JTA, Inc.)






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