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July 04, 1975 - Image 4

Resource type:
The Detroit Jewish News, 1975-07-04

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Incorporating The Detroit Jewish Chronicle commencing with the issue of July 20, 1951



Member American Association of English-Jewish Newspapers, Michigan Press Association, National Fditiwial Association.
Published every Friday by The Jewish News Publishing Co., 17515 W. Nine Mile, Suite Sli5, Southfield, Mich. -N175.
Second-Class Postage Paid at Southfield, Michigan and Additional Mailing Offices. Suhscription $10 a year.




Editor and Publisher

Business Manager

Advertising Manager

Alan Hitsky, News Editor . . . Heidi Press. kssistant Ne%,s Editor

Sabbath Scriptural Selections

This Sabbath, the 26th day of Tammuz, 5735, the following scriptund selectimps will be read in our synagogues:
Pentateuchal portion, Num. 30:2-36:1.1. Prophetical portion, Jeiviniall
Wednesday. Rosh Hodesh A r, Num. 28:1 15.


Candle lighting, Friday. July 4, 8:53 p.m.

LVN II, No. 17

Page Four

Friday, July 4, 1975

The Fourth: Liberty's Cornerstone

This Fourth of July, being observed on the
eve of the Bicentennial of the American Revolu-
tion, symbolizes more effective than ever the
basic principles on which this Republic was
The democratic ideal remains the guiding
factor for the people whose existence began with
the Revolution and whose greatness grew with
its adherence to the dedicatory aspirations that
are rooted in humanism.
Benjamin Franklin had a definition for the
American spirit when he declared: "They that
give up essential liberty to obtain a little tem-
porary safety deserve neither liberty nor
This is both an affirmation of faith and an
admonition to the people to whom it was ad-
dressed not to abandon it.
Numberless interpretations exist of the
American ideal of liberty and the dream of its
fulfillment. Few match in power the words of
Emma Lazarus which have been inscribed on
the Statue of Liberty. The words she has penned
out of her devotion to and for the American ideal
have been quoted and have been set to music.
They merit repetition at this time, since this
year marks the 90th anniversary of her having

written these words in "The New Colossus":
Not like the brazen giant of Greek fame,
With conquering limbs astride from land to
Here at our sea-washed, sunset gates shall
A mighty woman, with a torch, whose flame
Is the imprisoned lightning, and her name
Mother of Exiles. From, her beacon hand
Glows world-wide welcome; her mild eyes_ com-
The air-bridged harbor that twin cities frame.
"Keep, ancient lands, your storied pomp!" cries
With silent lips. "Give me your tired, your

Your huddled masses yearning to breathe free;
The wretched refuse of your teeming shore—
Send them, the homeless, tempest-tossed, to
I lift my lamp beside the golden door!"
In this spirit, the observance of the Fourth
of July in the year prior to the Bicentennial an-
niversary assumes new significance. Again, his-
tory is being recalled and recorded, with a dedi-
cation to the undying process of America's
democratic strength.-

Mergers: The Valid and the Operative

Abandonment of plans for the merger of
the American Jewish Congress with the Ameri-
can Jewish Committee meets with regret and
will undoubtedly arouse widespread disappoint-
ment in Jewish ranks.
Viewing the developments in American
Jewish life which should encourage unification
of such efforts, the failure to effect the merger
must arouse puzzling questions why, having
begun a most necessary task the inaugurators of
the plan did not bring it to a positive conclusion.
The American Jewish Committee, having
functioned for some seven decades, was able
from its very beginnings to reach personalities
of many nations, especially the American, in
battling for just rights for Jews, whether they
were in Russia or Romania in the early years
and later in Germany and elsewhere. The strug-
gle for just rights often necessitated demands
for justice to the American Jew in universities,
hospitals, in business and other relationships.
Until recently, however, the Committee was an
isolated group of individuals and its efforts ap-
proached shtadlanut, intercessions for Jews by
A clamoring for the democratization of
Jewish movements in this country inspired the
formation of the American Jewish Congress.
The late Supreme Court Justice Louis D. Bran-
deis was among the major architects of the
movement, together with the late Dr. Stephen S.
Wise, and numerous other notables. The Con-
gress role was as vital as that of the Zionist
movement in bringing to fruition the ideal of the
State of Israel and the rebirth of national sover-
eignty for the Jews who settled in the land of
Israel. Many other aims made the Congress one
of the most vital forces in Jewish life, and the
World Jewish Congress, an outgrowth univer-

sally from the American Jewish Congress, now
has the most effective world Jewish position.
New conditions have arisen. The Committee
has become a membership organization and its
approaches to Jewish communal tasks have a
democratic base. The research work for many
Jewish needs are more productive in Committee
planning than perhaps in any other Jewish un-
dertaking. The likenesses in Congress and Com-
mittee far outrank whatever little is left of
Is there any reason, therefore, why Con-
gress and Committee can't unify their tasks? Is
there a valid reason why Bnai Brith and Anti-
Defamation League can not be partners in such
a merger? Is unity inoperative? The challenging
question needs a valid answer.

Bicentennial Lessons

Ceremonially, everything currently is
geared towards the observance of the Bicenten-
nial of the American Revolution. Practically
there remains the duty to learn the lessons that
were taught by the Revolution and American
precedents for freedom.
It all began with a craving for independ-
ence, and in the process of nation-building great
ideal were imbedded in the mortar for liberty.
These are the ideals to be learned if the Bicen-
tennial celebration is _ to have proper merit.
The American Jewish Historical Society
has already commenced a program of sponsor-
ing special publications and literary research re-
lated to the Bicentennial. Congregational groups
are evidencing the need of linking the program-
ming for the coming year with the important ce-
lebration. Jewish programs in the year ahead
are certain to be seriously influenced by the
traditions inspired by the effects of the Ameri-
can Revolution.

We feel there d strong basis of
common interest, common heritage
and a common {Tiny between Israel—
the small democracy and USA —

the great - democracy ll yrizHAK RABIN

4 ■


Emergence of House of Worship

Synagogue Origin Studies
Compiled by Dr. Gutmann

Dr. Joseph Gutmann, professor of art history at Wayne State
University and editor of the library of Jewish art of Ktav Publishing
Co., has compiled a most impressive history of the synagogue.
In "The Synagogue: Studies in Origins, Archaeology and Archi-
tecture" (Ktav), Prof. Gutmann has incorporated authoritative writ-
ings of a number of Jewry's most eminent scholars and theologians.
Richly illustrated, fully annotated, with a 16-page Prolegomenon
by Dr. Gutmann in which the editor of the volume provides an inform-
ative definition of the studies included here, this volume fills a vital
need in providing knowledge necessary for an appreciation of syn-
agogue developments.
As a major authority on the subject under discussion, Dr. Gut-
mann's selected bibliography on synagogue art and architecture adds
immensely to the value of this anthological work.
The eminence of the authors of essays in this volume attests to
the significance of historical research incorporated in the collective
work. Dr. Louis Finkeistein's opening article on the synagogue's origin
sets an impressive mark for the study. It is notably followed by Prof.
Solomon Zeitlin's "The Origin of the Synagogue: A Study in the Devel-
opment of Jewish Institutions."
In addition to his Prolegomenon, Prof. Gutmann has added to the
studies his own essays, "The Origin of the Synagogue: The Current
State of Research" and "Programmatic Paintings in the Dura Syn-
Noted scholars in fields of archeology and architecture, and in
theology, represented in the 19 essays in this collection, include Dr.
Sidney Hoenig, Martin Hengel, Joseph M. Baumgarten, Gideon Foers-
ter, Michael Avi-Yonah, Andrew Seager, Morton Smith, Israel Renov,
Franz Landsberger, Rachel Wischnitzer, Helen Rosenau and Alfred
Dr. Gutmann's introductory essay evaluates the authors and
their approaches to the subjects of their essays, and makes these
"Jewish tradition claims that 'as a gazelle leaps from place to
place, and from fence to fence, and from tree to tree, and from booth
to booth, so God jumps and leaps from synagogue to synagogue so that
he may bless Israel' (Numbers Rabbah 11.2).
"For nearly 2,000 years, the synagogue has been the most impor-
tant institution of Judaism — the hub around which the spokes of
Jewish religious, educational, charitable, social, political, and eco-
nomic life revolved. Its functions are clearly delineated in the ver
names it bears — bet ha-tefillah (house of prayer), bet ha-midra
(house of learning or study), and bet ha-knesset (house of assembly).
"There can be little doubt about the crucial role of the synagogue
in the development of Christianity and Islam. It has been rightly
called the spiritual mother of the church and the mosque. Yet, its
pivotal role notwithstanding, many questions concerning the origins,
functions, and development of the synagogue remain unanswered. It
is the purpose of this volume, through 19 authoritative essays by lead-
ing international scholars, to shed new light on many aspects of syna-
gogal architecture and art which are in need of clarification for fur-
ther exploration."
Dr. Gutmann, who has just co-authored with Prof. Stanley F.
Chyet the voluminious and impressive volume "Moses Jacob Ezekiel,"
has degrees from Temple University (BS, 1949); New York University
— Institute of Fine Arts (MA 1952); and Hebrew Union College —
Jewish Institute of Religion, Cincinnati (Rabbi, 1957, PhD 1960). His
articles have appeared in journals including the Art Bulletin, The
Journal of Aesthetics and Art Criticism, Speculum, Jewish Quarterly
Review, The Encyclopedia of World Art and Encyclopedia Judaica. He
is the author of six previous books.

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