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July 04, 1975 - Image 15

Resource type:
Text
Publication:
The Detroit Jewish News, 1975-07-04

Disclaimer: Computer generated plain text may have errors. Read more about this.

THE DETROIT JEWISH NEWS

Friday, July 4, 1975 15

Future Aid to Syria Depends on Treatment of 4,500 Jews

WASHINGTON (JTA) —
Congress will allow the
Ford Administration to
make an additional eco-
nomic loan of $58 million to
Syria without opposition,
but with ample warning
that further financial as-
sistance will be opposed
with floor action unless the
plight of Syrian Jews is alle-
viated.

House members who
chose to make a fight
against the second loan to
the Damascus government
have found they had vir-
tually run out in their legis-
lative time to block the Ad-
ministration's action.

On the first loan of $25
million granted earlier this
year, Congress made no
move to prevent it in view of
Secretary of State Henry A.
Kissinger's preparation at
the time for his ill-fated
venture for a second Egyp-
tian-Israeli interim agree-
ment. Congressional sup-
porters of a better
atmosphere for Syrian Jews
felt pressure against Syria
would be considered by the
Administration as jeopar-
dizing the Kissinger mis-
sion.

The Administration's
move to allow a second
loan for Syria brought
angry opposition at a
hearing in which Adminis-
tration policy was roundly
scored as detrimental to
American interests since
principle was being sacri-
ficed for pragmatic deals
which, as Rep. Benjamin
S. Rosenthal (D-NY) and
others indicated have re-
sulted in failure in other
parts of the world.

At the hearing, Harold M.
Saunders, assistant deputy
secretary of state, con-
tended that the question of
Syrian Jewry should be sub-

merged and handled with
"quiet diplomacy" in the in-
terests of the "overriding
objective" of a peace settle-
ment in the Middle East.
Saunders was supported
by Robert H. Nooter, assist-
ant administrator of the
Agency for International
Development (AID), who
interpreted the U.S. law on
aid to Syria being contin-
gent on improvement of the
lot of the 4,500 remaining
Jews in Syria as being "not
a legal prohibition" but a
sense of Congress and
should be dealt with as
such.
Rosenthal said that when
the State Department gave
Syria $25 million in aid last
February, "none of us res-
isted" because "we expected
improvement" in Syrian
emigration policies." But, he
added, there has been no
"measurable" improvement.

Saunders contended,
under pressure from Ro-
senthal to discuss the issue
in public and not in private
session as Saunders had
requested, that there had
been improvement. He
said that journalists and
others have stated on tele-
vision and in the public
prints that the situation of
Syrian Jewry had im-
proved.

A. F. BURSTROM Et SON, INC.

4

President and at the hear-
ing, Congressmen charged
that granting financial aid
to Syria without improve-
ment in the lot of the,re-
maining 4,500 Syrian Jews
violated the U.S. Foreign
Assistance Law.

Noting that the long over-

43

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The goal of SMI is "to
change the nature of aliya
from a personal choice to a
community obligation," ac-
cording to Barry Topf, di-
rector of the SMI's Jerusa-
lem branch which will open
July 17 under the auspices
of the Jewish Agency's
Aliya Department.

Yehoshua Yadlin, direc-
.or of the Aliya Department
of the Jewish Agency in the
United States, remarked,
"to decide to make aliya, it
is not necessary to ask what
you can do for Israel; rather
see what Israel can offer
you — a challenge, a feeling
of being needed, motivation
or a personal identity."

Marc Schulman, the
founder and chairman of
the SMI, is a 20-year-old
New Yorker and graduate
of Columbia University.
He leaves for Israel Thurs-

Nothing here:

day and until his Novem-
ber induction in the Israeli
army will assist other olim
in the SMI center in Jeru-
salem.

A 50-year-old widow and
mother of two daughters,
one 16 and the other 26, who
has been residing in Israel
for the past two years, one
of the few adult members of
the group, confronts her
more difficult problem of
adjustment realistically and
happily.

The widow, who asked
that her name be withheld,
said: "I want to live in Israel
no matter how hard it is for
me to adjust to the new way
of life. I love the feeling
among my own people and
belonging to the land."
The SMI was created in
reaction to Yasir Arafat's
appearance at the United
Nations and Gen. George S.
Brown's anti-Semitic state-
ments in November 1974.
The SMI's only precept is
"activism," both through
political means and the
promotion and encourage-
ment of aliya. '

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Special Student ()him Group
in Israel to Focus on Aliya

NEW YORK (JTA) — The
first group of 90 American
Jews will soon depart for Is-
rael under the coordination
and guidance of the Student
Mobilization for Israel
(SMI).

'I-
*


-L. WOLUERINE MOUING & STORAGE CO.• -

The subcommittee agreed
without dissent to accept
Saunders' request that the
details of the Syrian Jewish
problem be discussed in ex-
ecutive session. Saunders
said also that "our prupose"
in providing aid "is to draw
Syria into the peace-making
process."

Dr. George E. Gruen, di-
rector of Middle East Af-
fairs for the American Jew-
ish Committee, stated that
despite token actions to im-
prove the public image of
Syria in the United States,

580 POOL
DOCTORS

the Syrian government con- due presentation by the early this month, advocates
tinues to impose heavy re-
Administration of its for- of assistance to Syrian Jews
Weekly Cleaning & All Repairs
strictions on its Jewish com- eign aid program for the indicate they will center
munity.
new fiscal year for Israel, their efforts to block finan-
Mark Orechkin & Tom Stubbs
In addition to the opposi-
Jordan, Egypt and Syria cial aid to Syria in the pro-'
557-2657
tion at the public hearing,
will probably be presented gram for the coming year.
57 House members called on
President Ford to take up ++++++++44+++++++++++++++++++
the issue of harrassment of 43
Syrian Jews and refusal to
allow them to emigrate with
Syrian Foreign Minister
Donald M. Stern, President
Abdal Halim Khaddam dur-
Agents for El Al Israel Airlines & Zim Container Lines
ing his recent visit here. The
Si*
President, it appears, did 43
not refer to the issue with
AND
ti*
Khaddam in their one-hour
White House meeting, but 41
Administration sources
hinted that it was men-
tioned in "diplomatic chan-
Allied Van Lines Agents
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nels."
Both in their letter to the 4s
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