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June 27, 1975 - Image 6

Resource type:
Text
Publication:
The Detroit Jewish News, 1975-06-27

Disclaimer: Computer generated plain text may have errors. Read more about this.

6 Friday, Jane 27, 1975

THE DETROIT JEWISH NEWS

Politicizing of UN Agencies Widely Protested

WASHINGTON (JTA) —
Strong Congressional op-
position, centering in the
Senate, was forecast against
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Congress May Cut 11.0 Funds Following PLO Entry to Parley

continuing payment of
United States contributions
to the International Labor
Organization because of its
grant of observer status to
the Palestine Liberation
Organization.
Delegations representing
United States trade unions,
the U.S. government and
American employers,
walked out of the ILO an-
nual conference in Geneva
last week after the United
Nations specialized agency
voted observer status to the
PLO.
In the latest Senatorial
expression of opposition to-
ward a UN agency extend-

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ing recognition to the PLO,
Sen. Richard S. Schweiker
(R-Pa.) served notice he
would urge Congress to
withdraw U.S. financial
support from the ILO for
"legitimizing" Arab terror-
ists. The House Appropria-
tions Subcommittee has
approved funds totaling
nearly $30 million for pay-
ment by the U.S. of its 25
percent share of the total
ILO budget, as requested by
the State Department.

"The United States has
nothing in common with
an arm of the UN which
recognizes the PLO as a
bona fide spokesman for
the Arab people," Schwei-
ker said at a Jewish
United Fund of Chicago
meeting. "This intentional
isolation of Israel from the
international community
is a grave threat to the via-
bility of the United Na-
tions itself."

which helps finance the

an official of the PLO,
Gamal Surani, left Aus-
At the month-long ILO tralia after a 10 day visit
conference, worker repre- failed to secure a commit-
sentatives from the U.S., ment from the Australian
Sweden, Australia, Colom- government to open a PLO
bia, Canada, Britain and information office in Mel-
West Germany proposed an
bourne.
amendment to the confer-
Surani, the director of the
ence rules limiting invita- PLO's Cairo office and its
tions to liberation move- representative on the Arab
ments that recognize the League, claimed earlier that
"right of existence" of the as a result of his visit there
organization's member would be favorable changes
countries.
in Australia's attitude to
Meanwhile,
Gideon recognizing the PLO and
Ben-Israel of Histadrut that it would soon have an
was elected to the govern- information office here with
ing board of the ILO.
diplomatic status. He made
In a related deVelopment, his prediction after a meet-

- ILO.

NY Times Hits Increasing
Bias of UN Affiliates

Politicizing of UN agen
cies was assailed in an edito
rial in the New York Times
Saturday under the heading
"Gnawing at the U.N."
The editorial follows:
The condemnation and
isolation of Israel from the
regionals councils of the
United Nations Educa-
tional, Scientific and Cul-
tural Organization is
proving far more destructive
than originally perceived.

Senators Schweiker, Clif-
ford Case (R-NJ) and Hu-
bert Humphrey (D-Minn.),
all members of the Senate
Appropriations Committee,
were among those instru-
mental in convincing the
U.S. delegation to the World
Health Organization to op-
pose recognition of the PLO
which the WHO did not ad-
mit.
The Pyrrhic victory
Congressional foes of the
PLO also are looking into scored by the Arab, Third
the UN Development Fund World and Soviet bloc in

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Paris last fall has embol-
dened these countries to
make new attempts to cut
off Israel from the special-
ized agencies and to politi-
cize activities that have
nothing at all to do with
the Middle East conflict.

The International Labor
Organization and the World
Health Organization are the
latest targets of the Arab
offensive against Israel. At
the conference of the ILO in
Geneva, the Palestine Liber-
ation Organization was
granted observer status.
The American delegation
walked out, calling the vote
a tragic decision because the
PLO was a political, not a
labor, entity under the ILO
charter: And the American
position was made official
by Secretary of Labor John
T. Dunlop, who had planned
to address the conference
but refused to attend after
the vote to seat the PLO.
UNESCO itself has al-
ready suffered. Some of its
important programs are
imperiled because the
United States and other
concerned nations have
properly resisted making
contributions to the agency
while it violates its mandate
and tradition of nonpartis-
anship. The other day the
original creators of the
UNESCO headquarters and
its art works — including

Marcel Breuer, Alexander
Calder, Joan Miro, Henry
Moore and Isamu Noguchi
— called for an end to all
sanctions against Israel.
Instead, UNESCO again
succumbed to Arab pres-
sure and hardened its posi-
tion.

The United States con-
tributes a significant
amount of funding to the
specialized agencies, in
some instances as much as
a quarter of their total
budgets. The $16 million
contribution to UNESCO
has been held up; the $29
million for WHO in next
year's authorization mea-
sure has also been de-
layed. A large group of
members of Congress have
warned WHO's director
general that expulsion of
Israel would undermine._
support and confidence in
the international health
organization.

It has become clear that
the Arab bloc — the great-
est beneficiaries, along with
the Third World nations, of
UN aid and expertise — is
willing to risk destruction of
the specialized agencies
even if this means depriving
millions of people, including
its own, of health, welfare,
educational and other direct
assistance. And too many
shortsighted members of
the UN, prey to Arab petro-
politics, have acquiesced or
abstained when the agen-
cies are locked into positions
that degrade the organiza-
tion's charter and coven-
ants.

Politicization of the or-
ganization's specialized
agencies — the most effec-
t.i-ve and humanizing parts
of the UN structure —
needs to be resisted by all
countries; at stake may be
the future of the United Na-
tions itself.

ing with the Prime Minis-
ter, Gough Whitlam, in
Canberra.
In contrast to a visit last
month by two representa-
tives of the General Union
of Palestinian Students, a
PLO affiliate, Surani's visit
was marked by an absence
of violent clashes between
Jewish demonstrators and
PLO supporters.

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