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June 27, 1975 - Image 37

Resource type:
The Detroit Jewish News, 1975-06-27

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Friday, June 27, 1975 37

`Jews in Russia' Volume Chronicles 200 Years of Bias

"Hindered from openly
practicing their religion,
deprived of their cultural
ties, cut off from all contact
with Jews of other lands,
and_denied the right to leave
their country. the Russian
Jews who lived through
Stalin's reign experienced
the saddest, most murder-
ous and inhumane era in
their modern history."
Although he was assess-
ing the plight of the Jews
during the Stalinist period,
Gerald Israel, author of
"The Jews in Russia," could
have been talking about to-
''?y. In his book, published
St. Martin's Press and
translated from the French
by . Sanford L. -Chernoff,
author Israel traces the his-
tory of the Jews in Russia
over the past 200 years.
In his informative histori-
cal work Israel ties in rele-
vant events in the history of

Europe and the eastern
world, including the emer-
gence of the state of Israel.

erable hovels, 10 to a room;, napped and tortured many
still others had been given young children. For Jews,
permission to live in the 25 years of military - service
Beginning with the synagogue to protect them-
was required, usually from
reign of Alexander I, au- selves against the cold of a
age 18 to 43.
thor Israel recapitulates rigourous winter. Epidem-
Under Alexander II
the tales of persecution ics broke out among these
arose a new phenomenon
and terror which in 200 unfortunates, and the mor- — the pogrom. The first
years haven't changed ality rate rose to alarming
broke out in 1871 at Easter
much. Only the bloodshed proportions."
and by Easter 1903, Russia
The reign of Nicholas I experienced its most infa-
has slowed.
was no better, especially for
mous pogrom, in Kishinev.
Under the reign of Alex-
ander I, the Jews were ghet- the children who at age 8 But a revolutionary spirit
toized into miserable condi- were subjected to military was taking root and accord-
tions. Describing the conscription. Bent on de-= ing to Israel, the "Bund, the
ruination of Russian Jewish stroying the Jewish commu- first Jewish labor party,
community, Israel quotes nity, the czar's army kid- provided a natural body for
the organization of self-de-
historian Simon Dubnov
fense." This socialist revolu-
who wrote:
JNF Trees
tionary movement sought
"These exiles found re- Protect Settlers
solidarity among Jewish
fuge with their wives and
workers and equal rights for
children in the overpopu-
JERUSALEM — After all Jews. It had achieved cul-
lated cities and towns; some the destructive spring floods tural autonomy for the Jews
of them wandering in the in the Arava Valley and of Russia, restricted, but
streets, their clotfils in tat- along the shore of the Eilat autonomous nonetheless.
ters, finding no shelter; oth- Gulf, the Afforestation De- •
ers were crammed into mis- partment of the Jewish Na-
tional Fund checked the Israel Identifies
condition of the trees it had War Fatalities
planted — many of them
Kol Wants Egyptian Tourism;
only a few weeks before.
U.S. Pilgrimages Encouraged
At Di-Zahav where the remains of 23 of the 39
JNF planted mature palm bodies of Yom Kippur War
trees, not one tree was dam- dead returned to Israel by
NEW YORK — Israel Joshua," a series of tours
even though as a result Egypt nearly two months
Minister of Tourism Moshe in Israel sponsored by the
of the floods, the waters ago have been positively
Kol has publicly urged university
programs de- reached the tree tops. Many identified. In the process,
Egyptian President Anwar
people escaped by climbing the fate of three missing
Sadat and the Egyptian partment of the United the
Appeal, will begin
crewmen of the Israeli tank
Minister of Tourism to re- Jewish
sixth season in Jerusa-
At En Yahav Tamarisk Z-109123 was finally deter-
consider their rejection of its
lem, July 6-Aug; 12.
trees had been planted sev- mined.
an open-bridges policy for
years ago along the
The body of the tank com-
tourists across the Suez
"Operation Joshua" intro- edge of the Nahal Arava wa- mander, Lt. Yair Sharak,
duces American students to
The suggestion that the the complexities of modern tercourse in order to protect was identified last week.
canal be opened to traffic by Israeli society. The tours the settlement and its fields The remains of two of his
tourists between Egypt and "encourage meetings with from the rare floods it car- crew members, Giora Mai-
Sinai was presented by Is- men and women from ries. It was found that zler and Motti Shamir were
rael in the March shuttle ne- throughout the world, social wherever trees grew, the identified earlier.
Although a photograph of
gotiations of U.S. Secretary workers and others striving wadi banks remained intact
crippled tank with three
of State Henry Kissinger, to improve the quality of life ened.
bodies nearby was pub-
but was turned down.
At Neviot, where the JNF lished in Egyptian newspa-
According to Kol, an
planted a belt of trees pers some time ago, the
open-bridges policy, similar
to the one now in effect can students participated in 30-40 meters wide around Egyptians refused to pro-
across the Jordan River, 1974, and many subse- the settlement in order to vide Israeli authorities with
would permit U.S. and other quently led their campus protect the houses from the negative that might have
wind and sand, JNF forest- made identification possi-
tourists to visit Egypt, Jor- UJA campaigns.
ers found that the trees had hie.
dan and Israel with greater
withstood the storm and
They also refused to
ease than is now the case.
had protected the settlers search the area near where
"Such an agreement
lonesco Cited and buildings.
the tank was found.
would also facilitate a bet-
ter atmosphere for further
by Tel Aviv U.
negotiations," he added.

Kol addressed a group of
nearly 300 Jewish Organi-
zational and communal
• leaders meeting at the
Waldorf-Astoria Hotel at a
specially convened North
American Conference on
Israel Tourism. The meet
ing resolved to establish a
nationwide network of
tourism volunteers "to
work toward significantly
travel to Israel."

The resolution makes pil-
grimage to Israel a prime
community objective.
The resolution also called
n all national Jewish
organizations to hold con-
ventions in Israel regularly
and called upon every con-
TEL AVIV — Playwright.
gregation and synagogue to
revive the ancient tradition Eugene Ionesco of France
of "Aliya La Regel", as a was presented with an hon-
orary doctorate degree by
means of further encourag- Tel
Aviv University.
ing pilgrimage to Israel.
Ionesco, who was to re-
Israel Zuriel, Israel Com- ceive
the honor in March but
missioner for Tourism for
was ill and could not attend
North America addressed a the
ceremony, was cited for
letter to the conference
his "original and decisive
promising to have the volun- contribution to contempo-
teer network in operation by rary drama" and his strug-
the Jewish holidays in the gle as a humanist against
totalitarian ideologies, The
Meanwhile, "Operation Jerusalem Post reported.

In easily understood lan-
guage, author Israel traces
the Lenin era and the
bloody Stalin rulership com-
plete with details of "The
Doctors' Plot" and purges
against Jewish intellectuals
in which Stalin "eliminated

238 writers, 106 actors, 19
musicians and 87 painters
and sculptors."

The rise of Zionism
brought penalties for the
Jews, and in the Khrush-
chev era Zionism became a
crime. It has not changed,
as the followihg can attest
to: Dr. Mikhail Stern, the
Poltinnikovs, Mark Nash-
pitz, Boris Tsitlionok and
countless other Soviet
Jews who have been perse-
cuted for seeking exit visas
to Israel.

Men Outnumber
Women in Israel

The latest population census
shows that there are now
1,660,500 males against 1,-
647,000 females.
At the same time, how-
ever, the government agency
points out that men out-
number women only up to
the age of 30. At that point
women begin to outnumber
the men.
Some of the reasons cited
are: the casualties suffered
during the wars and the
larger percentage of men
who are victimized by heart

Gerald Israel's "The Jews
of Russia" is an important
addition to the chronicles of
Jewish history and should
be regarded as must reading
for all Jews.



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