Congress, Committee Unity Plan Abandoned
NEW YORK — The American Jewish Congress and the American Jewish Committee announced that discus-
sions between these two organizations concerning a possible merger have been discontinued.
Both groups agreed that the discussions, which have been intensive and cordial, have provided them with a
deeper understanding of each other and their respective programs.
The Joint Congress-Committee memorandum states that the two organizations will continue to cooperate as
they have done in the past on specific domestic and foreign problems that confront the Jewish community today, -
and they will seek to explore ways of enlarging such cooperation.
THE JEWISH NEWS
A Weekly Review
of Jewish Events
VOL. LXVII, No. 16
17515 W. 9 Mile Rd., Southfield, Mich. 48075
June 27, 1975
Terrorists Training in China
as Fighter Pilots; Iraq, Libya
Revealed as Anti-Israel Bases
Russian Army Col. Lev Ovisher, shown left, and Col. Ye-
fim Davidovich participated in a demonstration of 1,000 Jews
March 2 to commemorate the 200,000 World War II victims of
the Minsk ghetto. Col. Davidovich was subsequently
stripped of his rank and pension.
Support for Colonel
Urged by the SSSJ
NEW YORK — What keeps a man going after his fifth heart -
attack — especially if he is constantly hounded by Soviet police
agents in the city of Minsk? For Col. Yefim Davidovich it is a
simple matter of justice.
According to the Student Struggle for Soviet Jewry, Davidov-
ich was a teenager in 1942 when he joined the Red Army. He rose
quickly to the rank of major, was decorated 15 times, then came
home to find his father, mother, brother and 78 close relatives had
been slaughtered by the Nazis. He decided on a military career to
best serve his country, and retired with distinction after a heart
attack in 1969.
In the following years, his study of Jewish heroism during
the Holocaust turned to revulsion at the re-emergence of anti-
Semitism in Minsk, this time by Soviet authorities. Letter after
eloquent letter of protest, then an application- for exit to Israel,.
finally met with official retaliation. His home was searched, and
he was arrested, released only after Western protest.
His friends were interrogated about an "illegal under-
ground Jewish organization." The continual harassment took
its physical toll; four heart attacks followed. It was difficult to
call an ambulance — Davidovich's phone had been discon-
nected by police — and he was saved each time only by the
dedication of his wife Maria, a nurse.
On March 2, Col. Davidovich put on his old army uniform'.
with its rows of decorations. Carrying a large floral wreath with
Yiddish and Russian inscriptions, he led 1,000 Jews to the single
monument commemorating the martyrdom of 200,000 Jews in
the Minsk ghetto. Disregarding the warning of KGB "observers;"
he spoke of the suffering and resistance of Russian Jews during
He said, "Neo-fascism is raising its head again. They want to
do what Hitler did not succeed in doing — to destroy completely
the Jewish nation. Let us swear on the memory of our dear apes
who lie-in this grave, in the name of our children and grandchil-
dren, in the name of future generations — we will do everything
to prevent the repetition of the terrible catastrophe which befell
our people during the years of World War II."
Nine days later Col. Davidovich, who had served as an
officer for 27 yeais, was stripped of his rank and army pen-
sion. Although he has almost no other income, he and his
friends continue to pen letters of protest.
A spokesman for the Student Struggle for Soviet Jewry de-
clared, "The courageous voice of Yefim Davidovich must not be
stilled. We urge all those who abhor the presence of official anti-
Semitism in the USSR to send strong letters of support to Yefim
Davidovich at: Kubisheva 55; apt. 77; Minsk; Byelorussian SSR:
TEL AVIV (JTA) — Reliable sources said here that Palestinian Arab terrorists are being trained at air force
bases in the People's Republic of China to pilot fighter planes and helicopters. The terrorists are undergoing
-similar training at bases in Iraq and Libya but not in any Arab countries with borders contiguous to Israel, the
sources said. They said it was assumed that once their training is completed, the terrorist flyers would be ab-
sorbed into air force units of Arab countries and would not form a separate formation of their own.
Pilot training is the newest addition to the increasingly sophisticated military training being given to mem-
bers of terrorist organizations. Their armament already includes anti-aircraft guns, missiles and artillery. It was
learned, in addition, that terrorist groups are making use of students in the administered territories. A Bethle-
hem student who was killed over the weekend while assembling a bomb is believed to have been working at the
instructions of a terrorist organization.
The latter are said to use threats, blackmail and offers of money to coerce students into their service and to
come to neighboring Arab countries during their summer 'vacations for training in terrorist techniques and
Meanwhile, Israel will exchange 20 live Arab terrorists for the bodies of two Jews hanged in Egypt 30
years ago. The terrorists, former residents of the Gaza Strip and Sinai-, are all serving prison terms. They
were released to Egypt under the terms of an agreement reached through the offices of Secretary of State
Henry A. Kissinger during his "shuttle" diplomacy last March.
Egypt will return to Israeli authorities the remains of Eliyahu Hakim and E-liyahu Bet-Tzuri, members of
the underground Stern group of the pre-statehood era who were sent to Cairo in 1945 to assassinate Lord Moyne,
the then British Resident Minister in the Middle East. They were captured, sentenced to death and executed in
Cairo. They will be re-buried on Mt. Herzl in Jerusalem with full military honors.
In Jerusalem, a 17-year old yeshiva student was remanded in custody for 10 days by a magistrates court on
suspicion of incitement to violence against Arabs. He was one of four youths brought before the court in connec-
tion with an illegal organization known as "Terror-Anti-Terror" which advocates reprisals against Arab terrorist
Shimon Lerner, the apparent leader of the group, admitted that he was 'a member of the Jewish Defense
League in the past but claimed that he was no longer connected with that organization. He also claimed that he
has nothing against Arabs and was opposed in principle to counter-terrorism as an act of vengeance.
Lerner was convicted two years ago in a case of arson against a missionary institution. He conveyed
an impression of innocence in the court but police described him as "a cunning fox" who refused to cooper-
ate with them and refused to give the name of his father. The police requested that- he be detained because
they believe him to be a key figure behind the organization that sends young Jews into East Jerusalem for
reprisal acts of violence and sabotage against Arab residents.
It also was reported that families all over Israel are asking to adopt seven-month-old Assaf Mordechai whose
parents were killed by terrorists in Kfar Yuval June 15. The infant, who underwent surgery for the removal of
grenade fragments at Safed Hospital, was reported to be improving. His mother, 22-year-old Simha Mordechai,
died in the hospital of wounds inflicted by a grenade. The same grenade killed her husband, Yaacov Mordechai
who had joined an army unit assaulting his home in Kfar Yuval where four terrorists were holding members of
his family hostage. All four terrorists were killed, two of them by Mordechai himself before he was fatally
His brother, Bezalel Mordechai, also wounded by the terrorists, is recovering in Safed Hospital. An Israeli
soldier wounded in the assault was discharged from the hospital.
President Ephraim Katzir meanwhile - visited Kfar Yuval and said he was deeply impressed by the courage
and determination of the Kfar Yuval settlers, young and old, in face of the dangers arising from the village's
proximity to the- Lebanese border.
(See related story on Page 15)
Soviet Prisoners of Conscience
Freed as Jail Sentences End
NEW YORK (JTA) — Three Soviet Jewish prisoners of conscience,
two of them sentenced-in the second Leningrad trial, have been released
on completion of their five-year prison terms, the National Conference
on Soviet Jewry reported.
,The two Jews sentenced in May 1971 at the second Leningrad trials,
both on charges of anti-Soviet slander, are Lassal Kaminsky and Lev
Yagman. The third -Jew is David Chernoglaz, who was sentenced in June
1971 at the Kishinev trial on charges of anti-Soviet agitation and propa-
ganda. The releases came on the fifth anniversary of the 1970 mass
arrests which led to the Leningrad trials of 1970 and 1971. The anniver-
sary was marked by plans for hunger strikes by Jews throughout the
In Washington, August Stern, son of Dr. Mikhail Stern, appealed
to President Ford to urge the Soviet authorities to grant clemency to his
father who is serving an eight-year sentence in a Soviet labor camp.
Stern met with Philip Buchan, President Ford's counselor, at
the White House and appealed for intervention by the President and
(Continued on Page 20)
I 'ietv Nuclear
as Negev Boon
TEL AVIV (JTA) — An invest-
ment of $800 million for a nuclear
reactor in the Negev region could
provide in 10 years both desalinated
water and enough electric power to
turn the Negev into a green pasture.
That was the forecast Raanan
Weitz, head of the Jewish Agency's
settlement department, presented
to the Engineers Club here.
He said a reactor could provide
120,000 cubic meters of desalinated
water annually which combined
with another 100,000 cubic meters
of water from treated sewage from
the Tel Aviv region could make fer-
tile a million dunams of parched
land, he said.