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CARMI M. SLOMOVITZ
Editor and Publisher
Editor . . . Heidi Press. k,sistani Ne.s, Editor
This Sabbath, the 14th day of Sivan, 5735, the following scriptural selections will be read in our synagogues:
Pentateuchal portion, Num. 4:21 7:89. Prophetical portion, Judges 13:2 25.
Candle lighting, Friday, May 23. 8:35 p.m.
VOL. LXVII, No. 11
'Leaks' Are Diplomatic Catastrophes
On one of his last shifts from Arabian coun-
tries into Israel during his Middle East "shuttle
diplomacy," Secretary of State Henry A. Kissin-
ger reportedly pleaded with the corps of corre-
spondents on his plane to avoid "leaks" and to
prevent their being spread. He implied that the
delicate negotiations he was then conducting
could end disastrously if rumors were to substi-
tute for official statements. This, at least, was
Now it is becoming more evident with time
that "leaks" are both unavoidable and near-cal-
amitous. The revelations about the effects of
"secret diplomacy," the branding of would-be
friendships as fables, the ironies that oversha-
dow aspirations for good will in the ranks of
statesmanship — these and many other factors
multiply in the process of international diplo-
matic transactions being conducted in camera.
Human nature is a factor that adds to the
speculative risks in such transactions and in se-
cret diplomacy. The stealing of documents for
public gain, the breaking of confidence resulting
from a desire to profit from sale or publication
of documents that are kept from immediate
publication, the anxiety of newsmen and com-
mentators to lay their hands on such hidden evi-
dence of talks which often involve the destiny of
nations — the craving for notoriety adds to
these elements in human relations which lead to
"leaks" and could well result in calamities.
Saddening developments often emerge in
the publication of off-the-record statements by
diplomats who are as apt to lose their tempers
when dealing with the animus of contending na-
tions as would average citizens of lands involved
All of which proves the realism of silence
being golden, but anger is uncontrollable and
"leaks" can add rather than detract from anger.
The latest "leaks," those involving Dr. Kis-
singer, could seriously affect his diplomatic in-
volvements and the tasks aimed at assuring bet-
ter relations between nations and a possible
peace between those now so far adrift as Arabia
In the long run, the major sufferer may be
Secretary of State Kissinger rather than the na-
tions whose destinies he was directing. Taking
Israel as an example, it is apparent that the ur-
gency of the emerging problems continues to
call for a great deal of firmness in acquiring the
security that is so brittle in an area in which
Israel is so minute numerically. There can de-
velop — as there has between Prime Minister
Yitzhak Rabin and former Foreign Minister
Abba Eban — a feud based on great difference
of opinion over the state's policies as well as an
assumed quest for power. But these are routine
results from political differences and aspira-
tions. If not for the somber state of affairs in
Israel, such occurrences as the Eban attack on
Rabin would be viewed as normal. Under exist-
ing conditions they are deplorable. Nevertheless,
they vanish when the issues assume mere per-
sonal feuding. They remain internal problems,
unlike those involving the external dangers rele-
vant to "leaks" affecting Kissinger.
Whatever the speculation, the new chapter
in diplomacy labelled "leaks," especially those
now being temporarily suppressed by the Israeli
censor, do not augur well for current negotia-
tions by the head of the U. S. State Department.
The setbacks already recorded are serious blows
to his status as one of the world's major archi-
tects for what had been hoped for as an ap-
proach to international stability. The new
"leaks" and the continuity of such breaks in se-
cret diplomacy are temporarily harmful to Dr.
Kissinger. It is to be hoped that they should not
be immeasurably harmful to the nations of the
world, especially to Israel and the United States.
A Lull Over Remembrance After the Holocaust
A ruling in France for an end to observance
of the anniversary of the defeat of Nazism as a
means of remembering the Holocaust has
caused considerable disturbance in anti-Nazi
ranks and in the Jewish community.
Attention to the French president's declara-
tion is especially drawn by the Movement
Against Nazism and Anti-Semitism and for
Peace whose leaders declared: "We cannot build
a democratic Europe today by forgetting Naz-
ism and the sacrifices we made to destroy it." It
is emphasized that the only way of preventing
more calamities is by recalling the beastialities
of the past and striving to prevent their recur-
An important question is thus posed: who
really does remember the Holocaust, and how
can its horrors be kept in view as an assurance
that it won't happen again?
Many books are published on the subject.
Volumes dealing with the Warsaw Ghetto Re-
volt, with the tragedies of the 1930s and 1940s,
with the Nazi barbarities and related occur-
rences. Are these works being read? Is the Holo-
caust really being defined so that the Hitler ter-
ror should be fully understood?
Most of the published works are by Jews,
and the impression is that they are intended
mainly for Jewish readers.
Christian humanitarians who show a deep
interest in the tragedy that is within the recol-
lections of this generation join effectively in
reminding the world of what had occurred.
But the readership of this material is lim-
ited, the textbooks in the public and high schools
of this country are devoid of mention of the Hol-
ocaust and the age of forgetfulness of the tragic
events is upon this era of emerging indifference.
Contributing to the indifference, forgetful-
ness and a measure of ignorance of the Holo-
caustian experience are the evidences of a re-
birth of Nazism, the proposals to build
monuments for Hitler by bigots who could rein-
troduce the massacres of the beasts they admire
and apparently would gladly imitate.
New developments admonish the concerned
elements to strive for a remembrance, to reject
callousness about the shelving of the warnings
against the recurrence of Hitler terrorism. The
anniversaries of the Holocaust must not be for-
gotten, lest the very tenets of human decency
should be relegated to the gutter.
'Studies in Jewish Thought'
The late Simon Rawidowicz occupied a unique position in modern
Judaism. He combined solid historical and philological scholarship
with a leader's concern for the Jewish community of his day and an
ideologue's attempt to shape the forces that determine the Jewish peo-
A thinker and scholar of high distinction, as well as a forceful
polemicist, at the time of his death, in 1957, he was professor of Jew-
ish philosophy and Hebrew literature and chairman of the Depart-
ment of Near Eastern and Judaic Studies at Brandeis University.
"Studies in Jewish Thought," a recent publication of The Jewish
Publication Society of America, offers samples of Rawidowicz's stim-
ulating scholarship and provocative thought.
Some of the essays appeared previously (in English) in various
sources, most of them out of reach of the common reader; others were
translated specially for this volume from the original Hebrew and
The collection affords a cross-section of Rawidowicz's wide range
of Jewish concern. There are essays on Saadya Gaon and Moses Mai-
monides, as well as on Moses Mendelssohn and Nachman Krochmal.
Rawidowicz's philosophy of Jewish history is represented by his key
essays "Israel's Two Beginnings" and "Israel: The Ever-Dying People,"
which plead for the unity of the Jewish people in its land and in the
"Israel," in the Rawidowicz formulation, is a single entity, encom-
passing both Zion and the Diaspora and indicating the creative part-
nership role of the state of Israel and the Jewish communities of the
Simon Rawidowicz was born in a town near Bialystok. He re-
ceived a thorough traditional Jewish training, and at an early age be-
came active in behalf of modern Hebrew culture. In 1919, he went to
Berlin to study philosophy and to spread the Hebrew language and
He established two Hebrew publishing houses and founded the
Brit Ivrit Olamit (Hebrew World Union). In 1933, he moved to Eng-
land, and for some time taught at Leeds University. In 1947, he arrived
in the United States, and ultimately settled at Brandeis University,
where he remained until his death.
The present volume was edited by Professor Rawidowicz's friend
and colleague, Nahum N. Glatzer, with a foreword by Abram L. Sa-
char, Chancellor, Brandeis University. Benjamin C. I. Ravid, son of the
late author, has contributed a moving biographical tribute.
Covering 25 Years
Sermonic Tests of Time
Rabbi Israel Mowshowitz of the Hillcrest Jewish Center, Flush-
ing, N. Y., has selected 25 of his sermons — representing the 25 years
he has served his congregation — for his volume, "To Serve in Faith-
Having taken into account all of the major events of the quarter-
century that was filled with many challenges to Jewish life, to Israel
and to America, Dr. Mowshowitz's sermons chronicle every important
development of interest to Jewry and to mankind.
Israel and the Arabs, the United Nations and the American role
in world affairs and especially in the Middle East, the after effects of
the tragedies of the 1930s and 1940s — there is a totality of testing of
human experiences in these collected essays.
The Jewish educational needs, the philanthropic aspects, the spir-
itual values in Jewish life — these supplement an ingathering of ideas
that enrich this interesting volume of sermons by a prominent rabbi.