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May 16, 1975 - Image 25

Resource type:
Text
Publication:
The Detroit Jewish News, 1975-05-16

Disclaimer: Computer generated plain text may have errors. Read more about this.



THE DETROIT JEWISH NEWS

Friday, May 16, 1975 25

A New Look at Russian Terror

By ALLEN A. WARSEN

To the vast "Gulag" litera-
ture was added "An Ameri-
can in the Gulag" by Alex-
ander Dolgun with Patrick
Watson (published by
Alfred A. Knopf). It is a
chronicle of man's inhu-
manity to man. It brings to
mind the torture and
slaughter of the Russian
Yiddish poets, novelists, art-
ists, and many other out-
standing Jewish personali-
ties. It reminds us of the
suffering of the Jewish ac-
tivists whose only wish is to
get out of the "Archi-
pelago."
The book tells of the phys-
ical and mental suffering of
an American employee of
the U.S. Embassy in Mos-
cow who had been kid-
napped by agents of the
MGB (Ministry of State Se-
curity) and hailed to the in-
famous prison Lubyanka
popularly known as "Gos
Uzbas," the Government
Terror.
He was accused of espio-
nage, political terrorism,
and anti-Soviet propaganda.
From the Lubyanka he
was transferred to the Lo-
fortova prison and from
there via the Butyrka
prison to Sukhanovka, the
"legendary horror prison
of Russia" from where, it
is rumored, nobody re-
turns alive. The prisons
were Dolgun's home for 18
months.
It is important to record
the reasons people in Russia
were imprisoned:
• Engineer Dmitri Rago-_
zin upon his return from
abroad was accused of

"conspiring with the inter-
national bourgeoisie and
high treason."
• Feldman, a correspond-
ent for the "Red Star" in
London was sent to a prison
camp for making a joke
about Russia.
• Biologist Wladimir Ef-
froimson served two 10 year
sentences for disagreeing
with Lysenko's theory that
"environment and behavior
can change hereditary char-
acteristics."
• Ophthamologist Albert
Feldman, an Orthodox Jew,
for praising religion and
criticizing atheism served 15
years in a labor camp in
.Central Asia.
• Teacher of English in
Moscow, Norma Schickman,
a girl from Brooklyn, served
25 years in a slave labor
- camp on a charge of espio-
nage.
Dolgun's interrogators
were vile, subhuman crea-
tures — all high ranking
officers of the MGB. How-
ever, the most ferocious in-
terrogator was Gen. Ryu-
min next in rank to Victor
Abakumov, the minister of
state security, the right-
hand man of Lavrenti Beria.
Eventually all three were
executed.
The following is an exam-
ple of an interrogation:.
"Ryumin yelled. He knocked
me off the chair with a blow
to the head. It hurt like hell.
I roared as I fell on the floor
. . the blows (with a.rub-
ber club) went right on the
sciatic nerve, blew up inside
my head, all over my body,
total explosions of pain. I
passed out."
What happened_to Dolgun

as a result of the blows?
"What I do remember —
and I still feel the shock that
came with seeing the sight
that will still form itself
horrifyingly in front of me
if I let it — is that somehow
I was naked. It must have
been at the bath.
"I looked at my shrunken
body and I saw a devastat-
ing thing: my knees were
thicker than my other parts
of my legs! I nearly fainted
to see this.
"The terrible thilig that
swam into my mind was a
photograph in "Life"
magazine of some survi-
vors of Belsen or Ausch-
witz
some one of the
Nazi
extermination
camps. The staring crea-
tures were not really -peo-
ple. They stood or lay or
clung to fences, sur-
rounded by the bodies of
those who had died the
morning of liberation or
perhaps the day before,
and some of those bodies

xv FOUND IN ;<('
.,
DETROIT

had been torn open for
their livers and other soft
parts."
No wonder people would.
confess to crimes they never
committed and involve other
people they never saw or
heard of.'
From the Moscow pris-

ons, Dolgun "by decision of
the Special Committee of X THE LOST ART x
the Ministry of State Secu- X OF TAILORING
rity (the MGB)," was sent-
At Steve Petix, the
enced to serve 25 years in a X Where?
home of the immaculate
"corrective labor camp" at
fit in custom, tailored-to-
Dzhezkzgan in Central Asia.
measure or quality brand X'
clothing.
After Stalin's death, Dol-
X
Open 94'
gun and thousands of the,
5:30 Sati_
other of the 17 million polit-
9-9Thurg.".9 Fri-
teveTt 4,,
Ant* Ple/nna ,
ical prisoners were freed.
CHIldit cede
aPnepted
Alexander Dolgun's "An
American in the Gulag" is a X31455 SOUtHFIELD ROAD / 645-5560 >1(
,,
Between 13 & 14 Mile
r 1\
story freedom loving people X
'XXXXXXXXXXXXXI
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Israel, Europe A ccord Examined

TEL AVIV (ZINS) — Rat- have represented a protec-
ification of the European tive tariff, as it were, for
Common Market's agree- domestic production. Aboli-
ment with Israel has a spe- tion of the import duties
cial significance.
will compel -the Israelis to
From a political angle the face up to open competition
agreement comes at a time with European producers.
of intensified economic
Arab boycott of Israel.
From the economic 'side the Libya Tried to Buy
agreement now affords Is- Bomb from China
rael an opportunity to ex-
pand its exports to Europe — NEW YORK — Libyan
since it will have the same leaders tried td buy a nu-
privileges as those enjoyed clear bomb from Peking for
by other countries that have use in war against Israel but
ties to the Common Market. failed in late 1969 or early
The agreement obligates 1970, according to extracts
Israel to free the import of published this week in Lon-
European goods from cus- don from a book by one of
toms duties, which till now Egypt's leading journalists.
Mohammed Heikal, for-
Israelis Accused
mer editor of the Cairo
newspaper Al Ahram, said
of Arab Clashes
the Chinese turned down
TUNIS (ZINS) — Leba- the request-but offered re-
non's Prime Minister search assistance so Libya
_Rashid el Salah accused Is- eventually could build its
raeli agents of "provoking own nuclear weapons.
the bloody clashed" that had
Heikal said Libyan leader
taken place in his country
Moammer Khadafy
between the Palestinian ter- Col.
raised the question of
rorists and the Christian atomic
weapons with Nas-
Phalangists.
ser soon after Khadafy took
The armed clashes, which power in September, 1969.
continued for four days,
Several months after Nas-
claimed 200 casualties on
ser told him neither the Is-
both sides.
The Lebanese Premier raelis nor the Arabs pos-
declared that "in recent sessed atomic weapons,
weeks some 250 Israeli Khadafy sent his prime
agents entered Lebanon on minister to Cairo with de-
forged papers and a number tails of the plan to buy the
of them have been ar- bomb from China, Heikal
said.
rested.".

X XXXXXXXX)<XYX

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