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April 18, 1975 - Image 10

Resource type:
The Detroit Jewish News, 1975-04-18

Disclaimer: Computer generated plain text may have errors. Read more about this.

10 Friday, April 18, 197S


cA us tin AT-

Senator Challenges U.S. Mideast Policy



* .


(Continued from page 1)

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Southeast Asia, main-
tained that the Secretary's
penchant for promoting
military detentes without
laying the groundwork for
fundamental political ac-
cords represented "the most
profound connection" be=
tween the tragedy in Indo-






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china and the failure of Kis- ground of the U.S. moral
singer's mission in the Mid- commitment to the security
dle East. "In the search for and integrity of Israel.
peace a change of line is no
He denied that there was
substitute for a change of "a crisis in relations with Is-
heart," he said.
rael," saying that "the
He also disagreed with -mountain of the moment is
Sen. Javits' view of the Ford really only a molehill. c when
Administration's current viewed from the persp6btiy,e
reassessment of American of the fundamental indent;--
Middle East policy. The first ity of interests which have
conclusion is that "pres- bound the U.S. and Israel
suring Israel to diminish together for the past 27
her physical security with- years. . . . We all know," Jav-
out a political reconciliation _ its said, "that there is a
with her neighbors is dange- highly publicized re-assess-
rous and unwise," Jackson ment of the U.S. Mideast
said. Javits, a member of policy being conducted by
the Senate Foreign -Rela- the Secretary of State. It is
tions Committee viewed the not clear just what is being
reassessment as "a rather re-assessed and by whom.
routine development" when
"Indeed, I am riot aware
measured against the back- of a reassessment being con-

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Sen. Jackson said that
another conclusion the
Administration must
make in its re-assessment
is the recognition -"that a
real peace must involve
direct negotiations among
the parties in which Is-
raeli withdrawal to secure
and recognized borders is
matched by an end to the
state of belligerency." He
said that this was in line
with UN Security Council,
resolutions 242 and 338.

Jackson declared that "a
fair re-assessment will reaf-
firm the soundness of the
policy of helping to main-
tain the military balance in
the Middle East" and fin-
ally, "Any clear-sighted re-
assessment will include a
re-appraisa• of the role of
the Administration's de-
tente in promoting peace in
the Middle East."

On that point, Sen. Jack-
son observed that "detente

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ducted by the Congress
which has an important,
even decisive say in these

Jews of Ethiopia Eligible
for Israeli Citizenship

An inter-ministerial com-
mittee of experts has recog-
_ nized the Falashas — the
Black Jews of Ethiopia — as
eligible for Israeli citizen-
ship and other rights under
the "Law of Return."

The decision was criti-'
cized by Ashkenazi Chief
Rabbi Shlomo Goren who
maintained the Jewishness
of the Falashas ought to be
a strictly halakhic issue
decided by halakhic experts
only. The committee was
reportedly guided on ha-
lakha by Sephardic Chief
Rabbi Ovadia Yosef, who ,
has for many years main-
tained that the Falashas are
Jews under halakha.

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Their leaders — and the
widely acknowledged Fa-
laiha leader in Ethiopia,
Yona Bogala — believe
many more would will-
ingly come if they were
encouraged by the Jewish
Agency and treated as
Jewish immigrants once
they arrived here.

The Falasha issue has al-
ways been complicated by
their delicate political-situa-
tion in Ethiopia. The ex-
Emperor Haile Selassie was
always slow to allow them
to leave in large numbers,
and during the long period
of warm Israel-Ethiopia re-
lations Jerusalem sought
not to offend him by encour:
aging a large Falasha emi-
Rabbi Yosef, though, has - gration.
generally insisted that Fa-
lashas settling in Israel "re-
During the last years of
convert" to Judaism — as a his tenure, the Falashas'
formal measure. He noted position steadily grew
that their marriage and di- worse, and Jewish pressure
vorce laws and practices are groups abroad lobbied with
substantially different from the Israeli authorities on
those in force among world the Falashas' behalf. With
Jewry. Rabbi Goren insists Rabbi Yosef's election as
on a full-fledged conversion, Chief Rabbi, the pro-Fa-
since he doubts whether the lasha lobby redoubled its
Falashas are in fact authen- efforts. The political up-
tic Jews under halakha.
heaval in Ethiopia and that
country's earlier break with
There are said to be sev- Israel created a more propi-
eral hundred Falashas liv- tious set of circumstances,
ing in Israel at present.

Council of Orthodox Rabbis of Greater Detroit
and Vaad Ho'Eer Cordially Invite The Jewish Community

to attend the

did not inhabit the Soviets
from sending arms that
started and then sustained
the Yom Kippur War" and
did not "restrain the Soviets
who first incited other Arab
governments to join forces
with Egypt and Syria and
then -urged OPEC to use the
oil weapon against the
Jackson assailed Jhe
"campaign of background
briefings, meetings and
leaks to the press calculated
to imply that Israel alone
was responsible for the fail-
ure to reach an accord."
He said that because Kis.
singer returned to Washing=
ton from Jerusalem, "some
people concluded that the
talks had failed when Israel
rejected an Egyptian corn-
promise proposal. The truth
is otherwise and the record
Should be clear on this
point. Dr. Kissinger de-
parted Jerusalem when
President Sadat of Egypt •
refused even to consider an
Israeli compromise proposal
that sought to provide a ba-
sis for continuing neg-
otiations," Sen. Jackson

Anniversary Dinner

Sunday June 1st, 1_975, 5:30 p.m.
Cobo Hall, Detroit, Mich. For Reservations
Council Office 559-5005; Mr. R. Grevnin Wa 8-3500
Mr. M. GOldsmith 851-2270


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