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April 04, 1975 - Image 4

Resource type:
Text
Publication:
The Detroit Jewish News, 1975-04-04

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THE DETROIT JEWISH NEWS

4 Friday, April 4, 1975

THE JEWISH NEWS

Incorporating The Detroit Jewish Chronicle mmmencing with the issue of July .20, 1951

Member _American Association of English-Jewish Newspapers, Michigan Press Association, National Editorial Association.
Published every Friday by The Jewish News Publishing Co., 17515 W. Nine Mile, Suite 865, Southfield, Mich. -18075.
Second-Class Postage Paid at Southfield, Michigan and Additional Mailing Offices. Subscription $10 a y6ar.

PHILIP SLOMOVITZ

CARMI M. SLOMOVITZ

DREW LIEBERWITZ

Editor and Publisher

Business Manager

Advertising Manager

Man Ilitsky. News Editor . . . Heidi Press, %ssist an \el% s Editor


Sabbath Scriptural Selections
This Sabbath, the 23rd day of Nisan, 5735, the following scriptural selections will be read in our synagogues: ,
Pentateuchal portion, Levit. 9:1-11:!7. Prophetical portion, I Sam. 10:32-12:6. April 11, Rosh Hodesh Iyar, Num.
28:1-15.

Candle lighting, Friday, April 4, 6:43 p.m.

VOL. LXVII, No. 4

Page Four

Friday, April 4, 1975

Campaign: Communal Reaffirmations

Greater Detroit's communal obligations are
being reaffirmed in the mobilization of forces
for one of the most crucial philanthropic under-
takings which will be inaugurated officially on
Wednesday evening.
Pre-campaign activities give an assurance
of the widest recognition of the responsibilities
towards the current Allied Jewish Campaign.
Trades, professional, women's, youth and met-
ropolitan divisions have already assured impres-
sive beginnings for another commendable effort
to provide the needs for overseas, local and na-
tional causes. The coming three weeks are ex-
pected to testify anew that this confmunity will
adhere to its established record for generosity
and unbroken links with Jews everywhere.
Conducted during a critical economic period
for the country at large, the Jewish contributor
to the major causes is being as seriously affected
as all other citizens, the compelling needs nev-
ertheless demand greater devotion to duty even
under most challenging conditions.
Israel continues in the role of the major
beneficiary of the important campaign already
in progress. These are critical times for Israel.
With the United States as the only great power
supporting the embattled Israelis militarily and
economically, the incontrovertible fact is that
the kinsmen of the Israelis are their fellow Jews,
and it is primarily on the encouragement to be
secured from world Jewry, primarily the large
American Jewish community, that Israel looks
to for aid and comfort.
The philanthropic dollar is vital to Israel's'
social needs. The new settlers — and they keep
coming from the Soviet Union and from Moslem
and other countries — can not be properly pro-
vided for with housing, schooling and health

services without the funds from the United Jew-
ish Appeal, the major beneficiary -of the Detroit
Allied Jewish Campaign.
Unless Israel retains the status of a great
cultural society it can not continue a life of spir-
itual dignity, and the UJA support for that na-
tion's schools, universities and other cultural
functions is vital to a people with an historic leg-
acy for learning. -
The aged must be cared for and the hospi-
tals must function.
These are the needs that depend in large
measure upon the UJA. That is why the Allied
Jewish Campaign and the Israel Emergency
Fund are- so important to Israel and to world
Jewry.
Israel's military needs are unrelated to the
philanthropic. Therefore the dollars for human
causes must come from the world's Jewish com-
munities. Therefore the obligation of Greater
Detroit Jewry is so immense.
The campaign's obligations to the educa-
tional, health and welfare agencies in the
Greater Detroit community and on the national
level must not be overlooked. The campaign pro-
vides for them, and the 50 or more causes sup-
ported by the Allied Jewish Campaign depend
on them.
The needs are outlined here in the simplest
terms. The obligations are great. The time to
fulfill them is brief. The community that is tra-
ditionally so devoted is expected to increase the
effort toward even increased generosity. The
time for action has arrived. Detroit Jewry will
surely emerge the benevolent, the human, the
dedicated that does not ignore duty and fulfills
it in the spirit of a people of with a conscience
towards fellow men.

Terrorism at Large ; Mankind's Shame

An expose in U. S. News & World Report,
"Terror Takes a New Turn in the U. S.," sounds
this warning:

An FBI expert makes these points:
"Terrorist revolutionaries in this coun
try are more sophisticated now than ever
before, better trained in handling explo-
sives, more dedicated to violence. Trying
to collar them is a frustrating job. They
have a protective network of 'safe
houses' and false identities.'

The FBI believes that terrorists in the
U. S. hope to exploit the current economic
stress by fomenting disorder in areas of
high unemployment.

The terror that has spread on a worldwide
scale began with the Arab barbarities against
Israel and Jews everywhere. It has assumed
aspects affecting every nation. It is traceable to
the shocking conditions in the United Nations
where inhuthanities were given free reign by
failure to act against international banditry.
Until and unless the conscience of mankind is
awakened to action, there may not be security
for anyone, anywhere.
* * *
The tragedies inherent in the spread of ter-
rorism have had a special impact on Israel. Out

of the Jewish experiences have emerged the
shameful reactions of their neighbors and the -
continuing indifference of the "Great Powers"
which are becoming allies of the barbarians in a
shocking reversion to the jungle.
Israel's enemy neighbors might have kept
silent when innocent people, guests in Israel
from foreign lands, were murdered in Tel Aviv,
and the old Savoy Hotel was destroyed. But
there was gloating. As on all/previous instances
of savagery by terrorists there was more of con-
doning than regret that the El Fatah gangsters
had committed murders in the state they seek to
destroy.
During the negotiations with Secretary of
.State Henry , A. Kissinger, Egypt's President
Anwar. el Sadat might have expressed a senti-
ment of humaneness towards the innocent suf-
ferers. He might have said a word of kindness to
the Christian girl who lost a leg in the Arab at-
tack-near the Christian holy places she was
about to visit with other pilgrims. Not a word of
sympathy or humaneness!
This is what makes the situation so much
worse. This is the addition to a tragedy that
should make civilized people squirm in shame.
They fail to react compassionately, and that has
given terror respectability. But it shames man-
kind.

Schiff's History of Jewish
Army and Defense Tasks

As chief military writer of the Israel daily Ha'aretz and as a
student of the current situation which has involved Israel in the
most serious defensive efforts in the state's history, Zeev Schiff has,
emerged as one of the most authoritative interpreters of the Jewish
state's military role. His work, "A History- of the Jewish Army
1870-1974" (Straight Arrow BookS) is evidence of the important re-
search work he has conducted on the subject.
Of the many cumulative works issued on the subject of Israel's
defense forces, this is unquestionably the most thorough. It covers
every aspect of Jewish defense activities, in the first settlements in
Palestine, in the struggles with Arabs during the several riotous
years during the years of the British Mandate, before and during
the several wars in which Israel became involved.

It is significant that the author, whose work was translated
from the Hebrew by Raphael Rothstein, begins with the year
1870. It is a reference to the years of pogroms in Russia and the
defense organizations that were formed by Jews who mobilized
to protect the threatened Jewish communities.

Schiff is, therefore, not only the military analyst, the compiler
of facts about Jews in defense of their families and possessions,
and in Israel as protectors of the ,state, but also an historian. He is
also the biographer and geographer.
The maps, the impressive photographs, the accounts of hero-
ism by leaders in defense efforts — these combine in the Schiff
book to provide a history of the struggles and biographical accounts
of the leaders in the defensive tasks. •

Students of military tactics will be intrigued by the factual
accounts of struggles by the few against the many — all devel-
oping from the initial efforts which developed into the Zahal —
Israel's Defense Force.

Women played their roles as effectively as men In -the protec-
tive aims to prevent Israel's destruction when the state emerged,
after many courageous experiences under The British, when Jews
were often virtually defenseless in the battles with Arabs on sev-
eral fronts.
Young and old are enrolled in Israel's defense, and the Gadna
Youth Battalion certainly is among the important elements that
gain respect and admiration for-courage and devotion to their peo
ple's needs.
As an historic chronicle, pictorially superior, demographically
Well selected to augment the information needed for an under-
dstancling of Israel's position,in the Middle East, Schiff's "A History
of the Jewish Army" gains top ranks in studies of Jewish defense
tactics and organization forces for the protection of the Jewish
state and its people.
Examining Schiff's review of the history of the Israel Defense
Force, Rothstein, the books' translator and editor, commended the
work and its author, stating in the foreword:
"The uniqueness of the IDF has struck many foreign observ-
ers: the women's army, the relaxed dicipline, the tradition of offi-
cers who lead in battle, the easy-going esprit and the remarkable
successes on the battlefield against enormous- odds, Schiff de-
scribes these notable features and also provides the background for
understanding that the IDF is a true people's army which faith-
fully reflects Israeli attitudes. It is an army in which the senior
commanders are known by childhood nicknames, an army that
teaches immigrant soldiers Hebrew and even how to use a knife
and fork . A complex relationship exists between civilians and their
army in both political and cultural terms — hardly a corner of
Israeli life is untouched by the IDF. Schiff examines.all this, look-
ing closely at causes and results."

.

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