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February 28, 1975 - Image 13

Resource type:
Text
Publication:
The Detroit Jewish News, 1975-02-28

Disclaimer: Computer generated plain text may have errors. Read more about this.

Friday, February 28, 1975 13

THE DETROIT JEWISH NEWS

• WOW

Soviet Jewish Demonstrators • Abe Cherow, Says

KGB


'Between You Arrested by Russia's
culated among Western

Boris Smolar's

. . . and Me'

Editor-in-Chief
Emeritus, JTA
(Copyright 1975, JTA, Inc.)

THE JEWISH MUSIC MONTH: Music is the oldest
form of Jewish art. In other forms the Jewish people had
been much behind other nations; especially in the arts of
painting and sculpture. But in music they led the way.
Jewish music goes back to the Biblical times. There are
more than 100 passages in the Bible where musical instru-
• ents are mentioned. Jews celebrated their crossing of the
\ ed Sea with music. • King David played the harp. In all
-
times in Jewish history, and in all countries, music was an
important part of Jewish expression.
It stands to reason that Jews would have excelled also
in sculpture and painting — as they do now — had not one
of the Ten Commandments prohibited making the images,
to prevent the return to idolatry practice. Great painting on
Jewish and Biblical themes had been done by many promi-
nent painters hundreds of years ago, but not by Jews.
The first Jew to exercise a decisive influence on the gen-
eral development of the art of painting was *Camille Pis-
sarro, known as "the father of the French Impressionists."
He lived in the last century and died in Paris in the early
years of this century. Another leading Jewish painter that
emerged at that time was Josef Israels. Among the latter's
paintings on Jewish themes are "A Jewish Wedding," "The
Torah Scribe," "A Son of the ancient People" and others.
Since then, the world became richer in art with Jewish tal-
ents like Max Liebermann, Amadeo Modigliani and others,
including Marc Chagall of our time.
Jewish participation in sculpture started even later
than in painting. During this century a number of well-
known Jewish sculpturers began to emerge, but the tradi-
tion of the Ten Commandments against sculpturing images
is still strong. No statue of Dr. Weizmann, or of Ben-Gur-
ion, or other Jewish personalities of historic importance is
permitted on public squares in Israel.

.

NEW YORK (JTA) — The
Student Struggle for Soviet
Jewry reported that Mark
Nashpitz and Anatol Shar-
ansky were among seven
Moscow Jews arrested for
demonstrating for exit visas
outside the Lenin Library
near the Kremlin.
According to reports by
eye-witnesses, between 30
and 40 uniformed and plain-
clothes police surrounded
the demonstrators and
seized their placards which
read, "Freedom for the Pris-
oners of Zion" and "Visas,
Not Prisons." The demon-
strators were taken into the
library building by the pol-
ice.
The demonstration, the
first since Moscow repu-
diated its 1972 trade agree-
ment with the U.S. last
month in protest over the
linkage of trade with Soviet
emigration practices, was
witnessed by Western news-
men who reported that the
KGB parked three large
buses outside the library ap-
parently to prevent passers-
by from seeing the arrests.
At the same time, Jew-
ish sources here reported
that a group of 80 Jews cir-

reporters the text of a
Purim message to the peo-
ple of Israel which they
said had been rejected by
Soviet postal authorities.
The message stated:
"From Jews who have
fought to live with you. We
believe no Hamans will
break the will of our peo-
ple for unification."

Meanwhile, seven newly
elected New York congress-
men each have "adopted" a
Soviet Jewish "prisoner of
conscience" and are waging
an intensive drive designed
to secure their release. The
efforts by the lawmakers is
part of a major campaign on
behalf of the prisoners that
is being conductkl by the
Greater New York Confer-
ence on Soviet Jewry.
Two hundred French poli-
ticians, university profes-
sors, and doctors have
signed a petition in favor of
Dr. Mikhail Stern, the So-
viet Jewish endocrinologist
who was sentenced to eight
years at hard labor after
requesting emigration to
Israel. French intellectuals
signing the petition in-
cluded Jean-Paul Sartre.

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Sadat Outlines Concessions
He Plans to Offer to Israel

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JEWS IN MUSIC: Completely different has been the •
attitude of Jews to music. There is Jewish research litera-
NEW YORK (ZINS) — At promise of greater military
SAVINGS UP TO 52004 AND MORE
ture showing a record of 5,000 years of Jewish music. Jews a meeting in Paris with a and economic assistance as
have contributed greatly to the development of music in delegation of French jurists, well as stronger U.S. pres-
ON QUALITY FOOTWEAR
many lands. Primitive Jewish orchestras of "klezmers" ex- Egyptian President Anwar sure on Israel for further
NO REBATES • NO GIMMICKS
isted for generations in many towns.
Sadat outlined the "con- territorial withdrawals.
• JUST REAL SAVINGS
Among the famous Jewish composers of the last cen- cessions" he is prepared to
According to political an-
• SAME DAY ACTION
tury was Jacques Halevy, a son of a Torah scribe, whose make in exchange for fur- alysts the Israelis would do
opera "La Juive" is popular today as a classic work of music. ther Israeli withdrawals well to call Sadat's bluff and
Other celebrities were Giacomo Meyerbeer and Jacques Of- from the Sinai, the Golan forego his offer of "conces-
fenbach, son of a cantor. A few of our own generation are Heights and the West Bank. sions". From their stand-
Ernest Bloch, Gustav Mahler, Arnold Schoenberg, Darius
As a quid pro quo for Is- point Sadat can very well
Milhaud, George Gershwin, Aaron Copland and Leonard raeli pullbacks on three scrap his Washington trip,
Bernstein. ,
fronts, Sadat declared his cancel reopening of the Suez
(
4
A
. The famous Jewish violinists of the last decades include readiness for a formal visit Canal, and dismiss the UN
Leopold Auer, Fritz Kreisler, Misha Elman, Yascha Hei- to Washington, the reopen- forces in the Sinai. How-
fetz, Ephraim Zimbalist, Nathan Milstein, Bronislaw Hub- ing of the Suez Canal, exten- ever, Israel is in no position
NORTHLAND CENTER ONLY At our temporary location
erman, Michel Piastro, Yehuda Menuhin, Isaac Stern, sion for a further limited to call Sadat's bluff, because
old Robinson Furniture Store Parking Lot E"
David Oistrakh and Erica Morini. Among the pianists we period of his agreement to it is Washington, and not
find Arthur Rubinstein, Vladimir Horowitz, Vanda Lando- the stationing of UN forces Jerusalem that is calling the
waska, Moritz Rosenthal, Leopold Godowsky, Rudolf Ser- in the Sinai, and no insist- shots, the analysts say.
kin. Famous Jewish conductors we have today include ence on reconvening the
Leonard Bernstein. Eugene Ormandy, Arthur Fiedler and Geneva Mideast peace talks
many others.
in the near future.
YIDDISH MUSIC: During the Jewish Music Month
Sadat has much to gain
— which started this week and will continue till Passover — from closer links to Wash-
various programs of Jewish music will be arranged in ington, which hold forth the
hundreds of Jewish institutions. Advice and guidance to
these institutions will be given by the Jewish Music Council Japanese Visit
of the National Jewish Welfare Board.
In the scheduled concerts and lectures, place has been Palestinians
especially reserved for Yiddish folk-music which grew out
JERUSALEM (JTA) — A
of the harsh realities of Jewish life in Eastern Europe and Japanese "good will" emis-
as brought over to this country at the beginning of this sary visited the West Bank
entury by Jewish immigrants, together with the first Yid- towns of Judea and Samaria
dish operettas written by composer Abraham Goldfader in to establish what was de-
scribed as a union of -friend-
Romania 100 years ago.
• LEASING — ALL MAKES • GUARANTEED USED CARS
The Yiddish folk-songs reflect the struggle of the Jews ship between Japan and the
• MOTOR HOMES
• DAILY RENTAL
in Czarist Russia and other East European countries for Palestinians.
their survival, their home life, their hopes and aspirations,
Matzo Fugi, former eco-
• BODY SHOP—AAA RATED
• SERVICE
nomic minister of Japan,
their humor, sorrows and fears.
About 50 years ago, when the Yiddish theater in the also visited the municipali-
United States was at its height — in New York alone there ties of Nablus and Tulka-
were at one time about 15 Yiddish theaters — many Yid- rem. The objective of his
dish operettas and musical comedies were written by Amer- visit, according to reports, is
ican Jewish composers and successfully performed on the to provide financial assist-
stage. Sholom Secundaalone — whose tune_"Bei Mir Bist de ance to the residents in the
Shoen" has become one of the most popular songs among area by donations bo public
Americans — has written more than 50 Yiddish operettas, institutions and volunteer
which were performed under his baton as conductor.
groups.
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