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February 14, 1975 - Image 43

Resource type:
Text
Publication:
The Detroit Jewish News, 1975-02-14

Disclaimer: Computer generated plain text may have errors. Read more about this.

Center Reunion.
for Ex-Campers

The Jewish Community Cen-
ter will have a reunion for parti-
cipants of the 1974 summer pro-
gram 1:30-3:30 p.m. Feb. 23 at
the main building.

The reunion will feature a
Purim dance concert, magician,
refreshments, a surprise gift
and other events. Information
on the 1975 summer program
will be provided to parents.

For information, contact the
Center's group services office,
1200.

MAGICIAN

Jewish Origin of Lord's Prayer

The Encyclopaedia Judaica
says the Christian Lord's
Prayer has Jewish origins.
There is hardly a phrase that is
not an obvious translation of
the various formulae of Jewish
prayer current at the time, to
such an extent that it can be re-
garded as a mosaic of tradi-
tional Jewish prayer. Examples
of this are:
• "Our Father which art in
heaven" — this name of God is
frequent in Jewish prayer and
occurs in the Mishna (Yoma
8.9).
• "Hallowed be thy name:
thy kingdom come" is an almost
literal translation of the open-

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ing words of the kadish which
are, in translation, "May Thy
name be magnified and hal-
lowed in the world which Thou
has created . .. Thy, kingdom
come."
• "Thy will be done on
the
earth, as it is in heaven"
opening words of the Kedusha
read: "May we sanctify Thy
name in this world, as they
sanctify it in heaven."
• "Give us this day our daily
bread" — the first paragraph of
grace after 'Meals includes the
phrase "May He not fail to give
us bread . . . for He sustaineth
us every day."
• "And forgive us our tres-
-

100 Jewish Communal Leaders
Attend Israel Bond Workshops

passes" — in the daily Amida
the prayer is "Forgive us, our
Father, for we have sinned, par-
don us, our King, for we have
transgressed."

• "And lead us not into
temptation" occurs almost ver-
batim in the preliminary pray-
ers at the beginning of the daily
services.

• "For thine is the kingdom,
the Power, and the Glory" —
this_ phrase occurs time and
again in the liturgy and is based
on 1 Chronieles 29:11, which is
included in Jewish daily pray-
ers, the Encylcopaedia Judaica
concludes.

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Spread of Golem Legend

The Golem is a creature, par-
ticularly a human being, artifi-
cially created by magic through
the use of holy names. The idea
that it is possible to create liv-
ing beings in this manner is
widespread in the magic of
many people, says the authori-
tative Encyclopaedia Judaica.
The development of the idea
of the golem in Judaism is con-
nected with the magical exe-
gisis of the Sefer Yezira ("Book
of Creation") and with the ideas
of the creative power of speech
and of the letters.
The word "golem" appears
only once in the Bible (Ps.
139:16), and from it originated
the talmudic usage of the term
— something unformed and im-
perfect. In philosophic usage it
is matter without form.

The motif of the golem— as it
appears in medieval legends
originates in the talmudic leg-
end: "Rava created a man
and sent him to R. Zera. The
latter spoke to him but he did
not answer. He asked, "Are
you one of the companions?
Return to your dust."

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During the Middle Ages, Se-.
fer Yezira was interpreted in
some circles in France and Ger-
many as a guide to magical
usage. Later legends in this di-
rection were first found in the
beginning 'of the 12th Century
at the end of the commentary
on the Sefer Yezira by Judah B.
Barzillai.
There the legends of the Tal-
mud were interpreted in a new
way: at the conclusion of pro-
found study of the mysteries of
Sefer Yezira on the construc-
tion of th cosmos, the sages ac-
quired the. power to create liv-
ing beings, but the purpose of
such creation was purely sym-
bolic and contemplative.

From these legends there
developed among the Hasidei
Ashkenaz in the 12th and 13th
centuries the idea of the crea-
tion of the golem as a mystical
ritual.' This vvas apparently
used to symbolize the level of

Socialites Plan
Valentine Dance

The Detroit Socialites will
hold a Valentine Dance 9 p.m.
Saturday at the Oak Park Com-
munity Center. This club is
comprised of Jewish men and
women over the age of 40.
Music for dancing will be pro-
vided by the Delights. Refresh-
ments will be available.
Proceeds will be contributed
to the Israel Emergency Fund.
The public is invited. For infor-
mation, call • Mollie Stern,
342-2791.

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and 1-75

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44

their achievement at the conclu-
sion of their studies. In this cir-
cle, the term "golem" has, for
the first time, the fixed mean-
ing indicating such a creature.

In the opinion of the mys-
tics, the creation of the golem
had not a real, but only a sym-
bolic meaning: that is to say,
it was an ecstatic experience
which followed a festive rite.
Those who took part in the
"act of creation" took earth
from virgin soil and made a
golem out of it, and walked
around the golem "as in
dance," combining the alpha-
betical letters and the secret
Name of God in accordance
with detailed sets of instruc-
tions.

As a result of this act of com-
bination, the golem arose and
lived, and when they walked in
the opposite direction and said
the same combination of letters
in reverse order, the vitality of
the golem was nullified and he
sank or fell.

In the popular legend, the
encyclopedia says, the golem
became an actual creature who
served his creators and fulfilled
tasks laid upon him. Legends
such as these began to make
their appearance among Ger-
man Jews in the 15th Century
and spread . widely, so that by
the 17th Century they were
"told by all."

1

Men's Clubs

DETROIT MEN'S ORT
CHAPTER annual meeting and
brunch will be held 10 a.m.
March 2. Dr. William Haber,
25-year president of the World
ORT Union will be the guest
speaker, and chapter officers
will be elected. For reservations
contact Richard J. Burstein,
874-4600.
* * *

ADAT SHALOM MEN'S
CLUB will inaugurate a series
of three lectures on "Jews Ar-
ound the World" 11 a.m. Sun-
day at the synagogue. Dr. and
Mrs. Harry Maisel will speak on
"The Jews of South Africa."
The Maisels were both born in
South Africa and visited again
this past summer. Continental
breakfast Will be served. Men
and women are invited.

*

* *

AESCULAPIAN PHARMA-
CEUTICAL ASSOCIATION
will meet 8:30 p.m. Monday at
the Whitehall Apts. club house.
Refreshments will be served.

Norman Allan, seated, listens to Moshe Aumann, consul to
the Israejl Embassy in Washington, D. C., as he addressed an
Israel Bond leadership conference Sunday at Cong. Beth
Achim. More than 100 leaders of Detroit's Jewish community
attended the conference at which conferees were divided into
workshops to discuss Bonds sales promotion.

More than 100 leaders of De-
troit's Jewish community met
Sunday at Cong. Beth Achim
for an Israel Bond leadership
workshop-conference to discuss
Isarel's needs and to determine
the course of promoting Bond
sales for 1975. Similar work-
shops were held simultaneously
throughout the country.
Workshop panels were di-
vided into classifications of
Shomrei Yisroel ,(purchasers of
$1,000 and more) trustees
($10,000 and up) and the Prime
Minister's Club ($25,000 and
up), synagogues, organizations,
women's division, labor man-
agement tribute dinners and
special programs such as insti-
tutional sales and retirement
and profit-sharing programs.,

The coordinating committee
included Norman Allan, Dr.
Harvey Beaver, Maurice Bet-
man, Dr. Eric Billes, Ludwig
Boraks, Morris J. Brand-
wine, Robert Canvasser, Al-
len Charlupski, Simon Cieck,
Mrs. Sam Cooper, Mrs. Henry
Dorfman, Arnold Einhorn,
Mrs. Eugene, Eisenberg, Dr.
Manuel Feldman, Max Fried-
man, Oscar Goldberg, Rabbi
James I. Gordon, Rabbi Irwin
Groner, Rabbi Solomon
Poupko, Rabbi M. Robert
Syme, John Haddow and
David Holtzman.

Also Hugo Iczkovitz, Mrs.
Sylvia Isaacs, Bernard Klein,
Dr. Edward G. Kroll, Jack Kut-
nick, Bernard Lichtenstein, Dr.
Milton A. Meyers, Ralph Miller,
Charles Milan, Max Nosanchuk,
Bernard Panush, Mr. and Mrs.
Louis Papo, Abraham Paster-

nak, Dr. Lloyd J. Paul, Mrs. Na-
than PlOnskier, Mrs. Helen
Ring, Mr. and Mrs. Felix Rosen-
zweig, Harold J. Samuels, Mr.
and Mrs. Paul. Sherizen, Max
Sosin, Mrs. Morris Starkman,
Mrs. Max Stollman, Mrs. Fre-
mont Sweetwine, Dr. Milton
Simmons, Mr. and Mrs. Sidney
Schwartz, Dr. E. Tanay, Mi-
chael Weiss and Dr. Richard
Williams.
Chairing the committees
were Dr. Ed Kroll, Organiza-
tions; Dr. Lloyd Paul, special
programs; Mrs. Morris Stark-
man, women's division; and
Jack Kutnick, synagogues, with
a special presentation from
Rabbi Poupko of Cong. Bnai
David on High Holiday appeals.

Following the workshops
and luncheon, a plenary ses-
sion was held in which reports
form the panel discussions
were dubmitted to the entire
group.

Rabbi Poupko addressed the
audience on the topic of the role
of synagogues in helping to sell
Bonds. He stressed the import-
ance of High Holiday appeals
and parlor meetings.
Potential for the retirement
pension program was explored
by Maruice Betman, president
of the Michigan Insurance
Counselors Association.
Guest Speaker, Moshe Au-
mann, consul to the Israel Em-
bassy in Washington, D.C.,
lauded State of Israel Bonds as
the "pillar of strength" of Is-
rael's economy, and added that
the sale of bonds are vital to all
aspects of Israel's syrvival.

Purim's Extra Days Defined

BY RABBI SAMUEL J. FOX
(Copyright 1975, JTA, Inc.)._

Shushan Purim is celebrated
in the 15th day of Adar.
Jews living in cities that were
considered to have been walled
in the days of Joshua, observe
the Festival of Purim a day
later. This is traced from the
Biblical Book of Esther where it
is told that the Jews of the capi-
tal city of Shushan, in the days
of Esther, observed Purim on
they day of Adar because
the
they had not yet finished wres-
tling with the enemy on the
14th.
Therefore, today the city of
Jerusalem observes the holiday
of Purim on the 15th day of
Aclar, and Jews all over the
world observe the 15th day as
sort of semi-holic:ay called
"Shushan Purim."

In Israel, those who want to
have a two-day holiday can

celebrate Purim outside of
Jerusalem on the 14th and
then go to Jerusalem to cele-
brate it again on the 15th.

Purim Katan is celebrated
during a leap year on the Jew-
ish calendar, since the month of
Adar is doubled. In such a case
Purim is observed in the second
Adar, since tradition has it that
the original incident occurred in
the second Adar.

However, since the 14th of
the month of Adar is considered
a festival day, the 14th day of
the first. Adar brings a spirit of
festivity, even though the de-
tails of Purim such as the read-
of the Megilla, are post-
poned to the second Adar.
Purim of the first of Adar on a
leap year is, therefore, called
Purim Katan (the miniature
Purim). It was celebrated last
year.

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