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January 24, 1975 - Image 1

Resource type:
The Detroit Jewish News, 1975-01-24

Disclaimer: Computer generated plain text may have errors. Read more about this.

NEW YORK — The world Jewish population is estimated at 14,150,000, according to the American Jewish
Year Book, whose 1974-75 edition has just been published. There are approximately 5,732,000 Jews in the United
States, more than in any other country.
After the United States, countries with the largest Jewish populations are: Israel, 2,806,000; Soviet Union,
2,680,000; France, 550,000; Argentina, 475,000; Great Britain, 410,000; and Canada, 305,000. Forty-nine percent of
world Jewry is located in North, Central and South America, 29 percent in Europe, 20 percent in Asia, 1.5 percent
in Africa, and 0.5 percent in Australia and New Zealand.

In the United States, the Jewish proportion of the total population is 2.8 percent. Jewish population figures
for U.S. cities are: Los Angeles, 463,000; Philadelphia, 350,000; Chicago, 253,000; Miami, 200,000; Boston,
180,000; Washington., 112,500; Bergen County (N.J.), 100,000; Essex County (N.J.), 95,000; Baltimore, 94,000;
Cleveland, 80,000; Detroit, 80,000; San Francisco, 7,000; St. Louis, 60,000; and Montgomery County (Md.), 50,000.

(Continued on Page 6)

William Haber's
25-Year ORT
Applauded by
Boris Smolar


A Weekly Review

Page 5

of Jewish Events

Dr. Peter Martin
Reviews Chalidze's
Memoirs, Page 22

Michigan's Only English-Jewish Newspaper

VOL. LXVI, No. 20 •Oieb' 17515 W. Nine Mile, Suite 865, Southfield, Mich. 48075 424-8833

USSR Image

$10.00 Per Year; This Issue 30c

January 24, 1975

Egypt's Sadat, With Affection for 'Henry,'
Renews Threats, Makes Peace Gesture

Israel Asks $2.1 Billion Grant;
Ford Wants Trade Clause Out

PARIS (JTA) — President Anwar Sadat of
Egypt, in an interview published in Le Monde
Tuesday, repeated his ultimatum to Israel to come
up with major concessions on all Arab fronts —
including recognition of and negotiations with the
PLO — within the next three months or face a
new war. He denounced the Soviet Union for fail-
ure to deliver military and economic aid to Egypt
and for opposing even limited military action
against Israel, and predicted that the U.S. will soon
recognize the PLO. He also praised Henry A.
Kissinger as the shrewdest, most moderate and
most honest U.S. Secretary of State in 20 years.
In his far-ranging interview, the Egyptian
leader was espedially harsh toward the Soviet
Union and said that reneging by Moscow on arms
deliveries may lead Egypt to break off the Soviet-
Egyptian friendship pact.
His hard line toward Israel was similar to his
remarks published in the Beirut newspaper, An
Nahar, a week ago, but was even more explicit
.as to what Israel must do to avoid war and what
it could and could not expect in return.
Sadat declared that Egypt will make no con-
cessions whatever for Israel's return of the stra-
tegic Mitla and Gidi passes in Sinai and' the Abu
Rodeis oil fields because "I have nothing to offer
for the restitution of a territory which belongs
to us rightfully." He said Israel must return the
Golan Heights "which have always belonged to
Syria" and the West Bank. Israel must recognize
the Palestine Liberation Organization and nego-

WASHINGTON (JTA) — President Ford said Tuesday
that he would seek removal of "restrictive" measures
in the new trade law and the Export-Import Bank's lend-
ing powers in discussing the Soviet government's cancel-
lation of its 1972 trade agreement with the United States.
He did not specify, at his news conference, the measures
he was planning nor the reasons for the Soviet rejection
of the agreement.
The President also Said that the United States feels
that the danger of war in the Middle East is "very seri-
ous" and that, to avoid that, the United States was "max-
imizing" its diplomatic efforts with
Israel and the vlarious Arab states.

The President also said, with
regard to the Middle East, that
the United States is supplying
arms to various Mideast states
for their internal security as well
as to maintain an "equilibrium"
in the area.

The issues raised by Secre-
tary of State Henry Kissinger's
comment, in a recent magazine
interview, that the United States
did not rule out use of force in
the Middle East if it was threat.
ened by strangulation by Arab oil policies, came up at
the news conference.
He said, "We will go to Congress" -before any measure
of commitment of military force was made in the Middle
East. When he was asked whether he or Kissinger con-
sidered the United Nations' charter prohibition of the use
of force against the territorial integrity of 'another state,
in mentioning military intervention in the Middle East,

(Continued on Page 46)

WASHINGTON (JTA) — Israel was reported
to ihave asked the United States for military aid of
$1.5 billion and economic assistance of about $600
million during the fiscal year beginning July 1.
•Aid requests from Arab countries have not been
revealed for the same period.
U.S. officials said they would not discuss
Israel's specific requests but that they would not
quarrel with the magnitude of the reported Israeli
figures. The new aid budget is currently being
prepared for presentation to Congress.
According to the report, Israel is seeking a
total of $2.1 billion. Besides the military aid, Israel
is said to have requested $250 million in food
purchases, economic supporting assistance of about
$325 million, plus special assistance for Soviet
refugees which in the past two years has averaged
less than $40 million a year.
For the current fiscal year ending June 30
the State Department had asked Congress for $250
million in economic aid for Egypt, five times as
much as it had asked for Israel, which was listed
for $50 million. In addition, the department re-
quested $77,5 million for Jordan and a special
fund of $100 million which was indicated for Syria.
Congress authorized the amounts specified for the
Arab countries but increased Israel's authorization
to $324.5 million.
This figure came from the Original $50 million
asked by the State Department, plus $200 million
proposed in Congress, to equal the $250 million

(Continued on Page 46)

(Continued on Page 46)



Plight of Syrian Jews
till Remains Critical


. •

ERUSALEM (JTA) — Despite continued
international pressure on Syria to change
its policies toward Syrian Jewry, there has
been no significant improvement in the
conditions of that Jewish community, fn-
formation Minister Aharon Yariv told the
Knesset recently.

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Yariv said that world pressure did pro-
duce some slight signs that persecution was



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relieved in some marginal matters. He
praised the "astounding courage" of the
Damascus Jewish community for its dem-
onstration last year, which inspired large
rallies in the West.


The Israelis just concluded a week of
rallies and programs in support of Syrian

3.8 t

8 8


Polish Christian Cited
'° for Saving 200 Jews

CHICAGO (JTA) — Edmund Kosek, a
Polish Christian who during World War II
hid more than 200 Jews in a Warsaw base-
ment, was honored by the Israeli Yad Vas-
hem Memorial Institute. Kosek, who was
visiting Chicago, was presented a certificate
and medal.
Among those attending was one of the
persons he saved, Morris Hochman, who
shook Kosek's 'hand saying: "I and at least
200 other Jews are alive today because of
this man."
In 1943, Kosek's father, Waclaw Kosek,
was executed by the Germans for conceal-
, ing Jews. The son continued hiding Jews,
sheltering more than 200 until he could
provide them with forged identity papers
describing them as Christians. "I was
raised in a Jewish neighborhood, a lot of
my friends were Jewish," Kosek said.

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