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November 29, 1974 - Image 4

Resource type:
The Detroit Jewish News, 1974-11-29

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Incorporating The Detroit Jewish Chronicle commencing with the issue of July 20, 1951

Member American Association of English-Jewish Newspapers, Michigan Press Association, National Editorial Association.
Published every Friday by The Jewish News Publishing Co., 17515 W. Nine Mile, Suite 865, Southfield, Mich. 48075.
Second-Class Postage Paid at Southfield, Michigan and Additional Mailing Offices. Subscription $10 a year.


Editor and Publisher


Business Manager


Advertising Manager

Alan Hitsky, News Editor . . . Heidi Press, Assistant News Editor

Sabbath Scriptural Selections
This Sabbath, the 16th day of Kislev, 5735, the following scriptural selections
will be read in our synagogues:
Pentateuchal portion, Gen. 32:4-36:43. Prophetical portion, Hosea 11:7-12:12.

Candle lighting, Friday, Nov.

VOL. LXVI, No. 12

n, 4:44 p.m.

Page Four

November 29, 1974

Identity and Careerism in Jewish Ranks

Old cliches about children abandoning
the ways of their parents and grandchildren
arising to reconstruct the idealism of an older
generation haunts the family complexes and
then emerges to prove the realism of such
The general assembly of the Council of
Jewish Federations and Welfare Funds may
have proven the truth of such bandying of
ideas. Second generation American Jews were
often taunted with criticisms of their alleged
indifference. Now a new generation is taking
charge of the communal functions. The young-
est in the ranks have assumed responsibility.
They are more active. They are generous.
Their major concern is advancement of the
spiritual-cultural values of their people.
At the CJFWF sessions last week it was
apparent that the younger element is con-
cerned. There is a renewed identification that
is heartening the elders. Concern for Israel,
Israel's security retains top consideration in
community planning. Inseparable from it is a
desire for knowledge of existing conditions
and a determination to defend the cause of
justice for embattled kinsmen.
A desire for knowledge, a determined will
for truth to assure an appreciation of Israel's
and Jewry's position in an era of threats to
the people's legacies and the priority given to
Jewish education in communal programming,

combine in formulating the policies that moti-
vate Jewish activism in the unified actions of
American Jewry's major Jewish agency.
The role played by the young people in the
sessions of the assembly gives strength to the
continuity of the overall obligations.
Stemming from the devotions of a dedi-
cated young Jewry must come progress in all
Jewish activities, advancement of the stand-
ards of Jewish education and reassurance that
the serious efforts in behalf of Israel will not
The heartening developments will, hope-
fully, encourage young Jews to assume active
roles in all Jewish social service and educa-
tional needs. There is need for able social
workers. There is an even greater need for
well trained Jewish teachers.
What is especially needed is a desire by
able young men and women to make Jewish
communal work, especially the teaching pro-
fession, their careers.
If careerism can be encouraged by the
experiences gained at the CJFWF and its gen-
eral assemblies, and related movements', a
new era may be foreseen for American Jewry
through a progressively trained Jewish youth.
Encouragement to the youth to aspire to ca-
reers in Jewish life could rebound to the
benefit of Jews everywhere.

A Blundering General .. .

And the Principle of Decency Recalled

Gen. George S. Brown retains his post as
chairman of the joint chiefs of staff of our
armed forces. He will carry the mark of a
modern Cain as having been rebuked by Presi-
dent Gerald Ford for anti-Semitic remarks,
and the sentiments of government and leaders
will no doubt be respected: the original de-
mand for either his resignation or his dismis-
sal will be abandonded. Nevertheless, there
will be, in the ranks of highest authority
in our government, a man who has been called
ignorant—because only the basest forms of
misinformation could have included him to
spout vernom; and it may well be that his
judgment will be questioned henceforth.
There is an old Yiddish saying: vos oif a
nikhteren oifen lung is bei ah shikeren oifen

UNESCO's Disgrace

Dragging into the mud of the important
United Nations agency, the bigotries and pre-
judices of the Soviet and Arab blocs, the aims
to advance educational and scientific projects
for the benefit of mankind have been trans-
formed into insane motivations of deranged
beasts who are posing as diplomats.
UNESCO has lost its usefulness as a result
of the inhumanities introduced in the world
society that has been robbed of its very honor.
Civilized people are temporary placed into
an isolated vacuum. Restoring humanness
into the ordinary relations between peoples
becomes a major obligation in international
search for a bit of clear air in a world threat-
ened by beasts in human attire.

tzung—what is on a sober man's lung is on
a drunkard's tongue. General Brown will have
to prove that he was mentally sober when he
spoke of domination by jews in basic econo-
mic areas and in the media.
Is he forgiven? If this question is truly
posed it must be ruled ridiculous. No one is
ever forgiven for an insult to a people in hu-
man society. This is not a time for joking. He
was merely trying to impress college youth
with a canard that can do harm to Israel and
can menace the American position in a war-
infested area. He attempted to show that Jews
are influencing congressional opinion in mat-
ters involving arms for Israel.
Perhaps he blundered. Granted! If he did,
then he must either apologize or explain the
truth in the entire matter or do both.
The fact is that a very small nation is be-
ing threatened with destruction. When a ter-
rorist speaking in behalf of the now UN-
dignified PLO was asked about Israel's and
Palestine's status, his comment was that Israel
was borderless, implying that his murderous
hand is ready to gobble up all of Israel. This
is a threat of genocide, and a U.S. spokesman
is expected to speak out against it and to act
to prevent it. It is as simple as all that: it is
all a matter of preventing the destruction of
Israel. Gen. Brown is not the symbol of Ameri-
can honor. That mark of respect for this
great nation must be protected whether a
blundering general likes it nor not.
The responsibility is the President's and
of Congress. Both, retaining a blunderer, must
hold fast to the American principle of fair
play. For that ideal the battle must never

Shulman's 'The Old Country'
Depicts Pathos of the Shtetl

For the third generation American Jew the shtetl could be viewed
as a legend. For the second generation it is a memory. The first gener-
ation American Jew — the grandfather, and he could also be the father
— retains a memory that is embedded in inerasable impressions.

Factually, it is history. The shtetl was representative of a genera-
tion that carried on great traditions, struggled to pursue spiritual-
cultural legacies, adhered to faith while anguished by oppression and
by economic distress.

The shtetl acquires new retentive power in an impressive collection
of photographs incorporated in a volume that is both photographically
and textually powerful. "The Old Country" by Abraham Shulman
(Charles Scribners Sons) tells the story of the heroes of the Old World,
most of it destroyed by the Nazi beasts, in the 200 photographs gathered
by the author from the files of 60 years of issue of the Jewish Daily

Himself a member of the Forward editorial staff, Shulman was
able to give authoritative status to his labors to recapture the spirit
of the shtetl in the pictures that relate every aspect of human experi-
ence in the ghettoized areas portrayed so movingly in an impressive
Scholars and merchants, tradesmen and artisans, the impoverished
who never abandon pride in their heritage, grandparents and their
children and grandchildren — every element in the community that was
isolated from the world but nevertheless carried on age-old traditions is
under scrutiny in these collected picture stories.
There was a struggle to be productive and the odds to attain
economic dignity were great. Yet they struggled to be productive and
to attain a respected standard of living. A charge of speculativeness is
denied in one photo, displaying productivity, and the author-collector's
refutation of the contrary is expressed in this note:

"According to popular belief, the majority of the shtetl's inhabitants
were Tuft-menschen, people who made their living out of thin air.
Nothing is further from the truth. The Jews knew very well the mean-
ing of the harsh Biblical phrase "In the sweat of thy brow shalt thou
eat bread." The shtetl's inhabitants were engaged in a hard struggle
for their daily living — made harder by the restrictions and discrimin7
tions imposed by their non-Jewish rulers."
Isaac Bashevis Singer, in an introduction to this volume, advances
this point regarding the people who have vanished and their destroyed
communities: "When modern man indulges more and more in compas-
sion for murderers of all kinds, trying to find various excuses for their
evil deeds, this book manages to tell us that the victims too should be
The interest created by "The Old Country" is evident in the sub-
division of the subjects related to the basic theme. Children and women
are given specified considerations, as are the Hasidim, workers, and
other elements in the depicted ghettoes.
Shulman did not limit himself to photographs in compiling this
book. He authored a 29-page informative essay describing life in the
shtetl, its pathos as well as its humor. The happy moods and the tragic
endings are delineated. The bitter end he defines in this concluding
"It can be said up to the last moment of its terrible death, the
shtetl preserved the innocence it possessed at its beginning. The Jews
who had arrived seven or eight hundred years earlier believed that the
earth where they came to settle down was chosen for them by their
God. Poland, in Yiddish Tolen', was composed of the two Hebrew
words: .po and lin — 'here shall we spend the night', Nobody could
have forseen that this phrase which expressed so much hope could
materialize in such an appalling way. That it would mean 'Night' in
its most horrible sense."

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