THE JEWISH NEWS
Incorporating The Detroit Jewish Chronicle commencing with issue of July 20, 1951
Member American Association of English-Jewish Newspapers, Michigan Press Association, National Editorial Association.
Published every Friday by The Jewish News Publishing Co., 17515 W. Nine Mile, Suite 865, Southfield, Mich. 48075.
Second-Class Postage Paid at Southfield, Michigan and Additional Mailing Offices. Subscription $10 a year.
CARMI M. SLOMOVITZ
Editor and Publisher
Alan Hitsky, News Editor . . . Heidi Press, Assistant News Editor
BY HENRY LEONAID1
Sabbath Scriptural Selections
This Sabbath, the 17th day of Heshvan, 5735, the following scriptural selections
will . be read in our synagogues:
Pentateuchal portion, Gen. 18:1-22:24. Prophetical portion, II Kings 4:1-37.
. Candle lighting, Friday, Nov. 1, 5:08 p.m.
VOL. LXVI. No. 8
November 1, 1974
Duties in Critical Political Year
Unless the lessons provided for the Amer-
ican electorate in the tragic experiences of
the current year are learned in the fullest
degree, this nation may be doomed to go
through similar agonies again and again.
Citizens are obligated to go to the polls
knowledgably, fully informed about the can-
didates for important offices, ready to mark
their ballots for deserving candidates for im-
portant political positions.
The great blight on competitive elective
offices has been the great cost of campaign-
ing, the high price placed on major official
positions. To a degree this will be corrected
in the years ahead by newly adopted legisla-
tion. But the duty of choosing the most de-
serving, as a guarantee against the abuses
that have been in evidence until now, de-
mands more serious concern by the electors.
Indifference has blighted our political
life. Sometimes a popular name will defeat
an abler opponent. Citizens do too little to
become acquainted with the qualifications of
candidates. The need for fuller concern and
lessened complacency is imperative in citizen-
The shameful era of national blunders,
the criminal years of abuses of power, de-
mand a deeper interest in the country's dire
needs "'for people with a sense of honor to
conduct the affairs of state. Complacency is
tantamount to ignorance, and an uninformed
constituency will get what it deserves: re-
petition of abuses.
The first task devolving upon citizens is
to cast their ballots, and while performing
such duties to know how to choose and who
deserves to be entrusted with public duties.
The sooner voters learn their responsibilities,
the healthier for all concerned.
Balfour Day in Time
Balfour Day was never observed without
distress. Except for the first few years after
the historic declaration was issued by Arthur
James Balfour on Nov. 2, 1917, when Arab
potentates admitted the justice of Jewry's as-
pirations for redemption of the ancient home-
land, there was trouble for Jews in Palestine
on that day. Repeatedly, on the anniversary
of the Balfour Declaration, the Arab cousins
made it tough for the Jews. There were riots
marked by bloodshed. Instead of neighborli-
ness there was animosity. Jewish settlers in
Palestine had hoped for amicability. Instead
there was venom and constant threat to de-
stroy the settlements Jews built with their
sweat and blood, creating garden spots out of
Another Balfour Day is on the calendar,
and while many more serious aspects than the
original international aims to provide a haven
for homeless and persecuted Jews are in the
offing now, the Balfour name undoubtedly
•will crop up during the hate-mongering that
has become a basis for Nov. 2.
Not only the reality of Israel and the ful-
fillment of what had been a dream in the
Readymg to Meet
the 1975 Challenge
A session of Allied Jewish Campaign vol-
unteer workers, being convened Monday eve-
ning by the Jewish Welfare Federation, has
the purpose of briefing for the 1975 cam-
The mere term applied to the meeting at
once lends the meeting special significance,
making it obligatory upon the workers to be
enrolled to join in preparatory steps for an-
other vital fund-raising effort.
The 1975 Allied Jewish Campaign-Israel
Emergency Fund will be confronted with
greater obligations than ever before in the
history of fund-raising in this community be-
cause the standards set in the current year,
with a record $24,000,000 in contributions,
being on such a high level.
Therefore preparation for the campaign is
mandatory and commitment urgent. There-
fore the briefing must be viewed with great
seriousness as a first step towards assuring
success for the tasks ahead.
genesis of the Jewish state-building processes
inspired by the Balfour Declaration, but the
emergence of a new arrogance bathed in anti-
Semitism adds to the agonies that accompany
a tragically expanding venom against Israel
and the Israelis. The most optimistic have
been forced into an attitude of pessimism as a
result of the menacing situations that have
become so threatening since the Yom Kippur
Now there are new challenges to world
Jewry and to Israel. Even those who gathered
their inspiration of friendship for Israel from
the Bible, who gloried in the auguries of the
Prophets, appear to have reduced their friend-
ship for Israel.
While the situation is very saddening, it
should remind world Jewry of earlier trag-
edies, of the era of Hitlerism and the years'
filled with anti-Semitism that preceded the
Nazi brutalities. There was even less hope
then, because now the people of Israel at least
can defend itself. It is sad enough to be wit-
nessing the attitude of mankind that would
begrudge the numerically small Jewish nation
the right to an address in the international
society. But as long as a minimum of strength
and a maximum of will exists to assure exist-
ence and a determination not to interrupt
progress in retention of national sovereignty,
there is compulsion to mark Balfour Day with
dignity, hope and courage.
Newly developing dangers carry with them
ever-increasing threats to Israel. It is added
reason why the historic day, made memorable
by Lord Balfour and the declaration bearing
his name, should not be forgotten.
Not many communities continue to observe
Balfour Day. Detroit is an exception to the
rule, with the observance of the occasion with
a Balfour Concert by the Zionist Organization.
The legacy of the Balfour Declaration, how-
ever, symbolizes the international good will
that was envisioned for Jewish statehood. In
this spirit the famous declaration's anniver-
sary retains its validity, even if Israel and
Jewry must battle for its perpetuation as an
admonition to the nations of the world that a
member people's right to exist and to flourish
can not be denied. To that end, hope in Jewish
ranks assumes power. The prophetic words
nezah Yisrael lo ye-sheker----the eternity of
Israel shall not be repudiated—retains its his-
toricity and indestructibility.
C•pp•ilit er—k. l.ntootord Ptaikin
Essays by Eminent Scholars
in Volume Honoring Dr. Belkin
Dr. Samuel Belkin's 30th anniversary asp resident of Yeshiva
University, observed earlier this year, was an occasion for world-
wide recognition of the scholarship and leadership of the eminent
The occasion was utilized by Yeshiva University Press, together
with Ktav Publishing House, for literary tributes to Dr. Belkin in
the form of an impressive volume, "Studies in Judaica in honor of
Dr. Samuel Belkin as Scholar and Educator."
The volume has special merit in
the selection of scholars represented
in the essays dedicated in tribute to
the eminent scholar as well as the
recognition of his notable contribu-
tions to Jewish learning by one of
his distinguished associates, Dr. Leon
D. Stitskin, the editor of Yeshiva
University Press and for many years
a member of the university faculty.
The participating contributors to
this volume give evidence both of the
esteem in which the honoree is held
as well as the commendable choice
of authors whose roles in Jewish
scholarly and talmudic circles are
in the highest ranks of Jewish schol-
Faith and the human commit-
ments are the subject of a major
essay by Dr. Rabbi Joseph B. Solo-
veitchik. For rabbinic students, those
delving into the Talmud and the
teachings of Maimonides, will find
in it a guide to basic Jewish tradi-
Most appropriate and specifical-
ly valuable for such a collection of
essays is the one by the honoree him-
self. The editor wisely selected Dr.
Belkin's "Some Obscure Traditions
Mutually Clarified in Philo and Rab-
binic Literature." Authoritative on
the subject relating to the cultural
Jewish legacies, this essay is among
the several that enrich this volume.
It is noteworthy that another
scholar, also a member of the Yeshi-
va University faculty, Dr. Sidney B.
Hoenig, writing on "Rabbinic Re-
search," pays tribute in his essay to
Dr. Belkin's predecessor as head of
Yeshiva University, the late Dr. Ber-
Another essay, "Conformation,"
by Dr. Soloveitchik, and articles by
Noah H. Rosenbloom, Zalman F. Ury
and Alter B. Z. Metzger add immensely to -the value of this work
because of the significance of their works on traditional learning and
the philosophy of the late Chief Rabbi of Israel Abraham Isaac Kook.
This work gains significance from the introductory essay by
Rabbi Stitskin and his two essays on "Maimonides' Unbending Oppo-
sition to Astrology" and Ralsbag's Introduction to the Book of Job."
Thus scholarship is enhanced in valuable essays, in a volume
that serves appropriately to honor a great scholar.