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September 27, 1974 - Image 46

Resource type:
The Detroit Jewish News, 1974-09-27

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Salvation Seen as A Jewish Legacy

vation comes from the Jews.
It is a profound truth which
is unfortunately being for-.
gotten. To millions of men
today, as it was centuries
ago, this salvation lies in the
belief • that we are all chil-
dren of the same primeval
parents, a n d thereafter
brothers; that we are all the
creatures of an omnipotent,
all-bountiful God who created
the world and who rules over
us and guides our destiny;
that we possess an immortal

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Israel's Famous Taw of Return': Rights of Olin Defined

soul which is destined for
eternal bliss. This belief has
come from the Jews. It has
been expressed by Jewish
prophets, and it was in the
language of the Jews that
those words resounded which
constituted, and still consti-
tute, the salvation, the con-
solation and the bliss of mil-
lions and millions of men, be
they Jews, Christians, or
s belief has con-
Moslems- Thi
soled and fortified poor hu-
manity in its sufferings, for
it dries the tears of widows
and of orphans, alleviates
the pain of the stick, fortifies
them in the hour of death and
saves them from despair.
That is what the world is in-
debted for to Israel!—Count
Henry Coudenhove-Kalergi in
"Anti-Semitism Throughout
The Ages."

46—Friday, Sept. -27, 1974

Defined by Dr. Frederick Lach-
man, executive editor, Encyclo-
pedia Judaica.

The "Law of Return,"
passed by Israel's Knesset
on July 5, 1950, the anniver-
sary of T he odor Herzl's
death, is the most significant
of the basic laws of the state
of Israel, ' giving legislative
confirmation, to the age-old
Jewish yearning for return to
Zion, Encyclopedia Judaica
states. It declares that every
Jew has the right to settle in
Israel on an "oleh" (defined
as a "Jew immigrating to Is-
rael for settlement").
This status of "oleh" is
also accorded to all Jews
who had entered the country
as immigrants before the law
came into force and to all
Jews born in the country, as--
well as to any Jew Who goes
to Israel and expresses his
desire to stay and settle in

The Law of Return pro-
vides the principal method
of acquiring Israel national-
ity, for the nationality law,
1952, prescribes that (with
certain exceptions) every
'oleh" under the Law of Re-
turn shall be an Israel na-
On- Aug. 23, 1954, the Knes-
set adopted an amendment
to the law, empowering the
minister of the interior to
withhold an "oleh's" visa
from "a person with a crim-
inal past, likely to endanger
the - public welfare."
The provisions of the law
have given rise to a number
of legal problems that have
come under review by the Is-
rael courts, in particular the
definition of a Jew s for the
purposes of the law. Does the
definition of the Halakha
(Jewish religious law) apply,



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Said the Kobriner: "When
a man suffers tribulation, he
not say: 'This is evil,'
for the Lord sends no evil.
He should rather say: 'I am
undergoing a bitter experi-
ence.' It is like a bitter medi-
cine which a physician pre-
scribes in order to cure the

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Deborah Ebin,
of Mizrachi, 87

Deborah Ebin, honorary
national president of the
American Mimehi Women's
Zionist Organization, died
Monday at age 87.
Mrs. Ebin was the daugh-
ter of the late Rabbi Aaron
Ashinsky, a prominent rabbi
in Detroit. She and her late
husband, Rabbi Nachman
Ebin, were founders and
backers of the Mizrachi move-
Early in her life, Mrs.
Ebin lived in Cleveland with
Henrietta Szold, the founder
of Hadassah. There, Mrs.
Ebin founded a Hadassah
During World War II, she
worked extensively in child
care programs and educa-
tional facilities in Israel. She
was respnosible for the Bes-
sie Gotsfeld Children's Village
at R.aanana.
Mrs. Ebin organized a Miz-
rachi groups in Cyprus, the
Netherlands, Canada and
Western Europe.

going on in


namely, to whoever is born of
a Jewish mother or has been
duly converted to Judaism?
Or does the term include any
person • who bona fide de-
clares himself to be a Jew?
Some of the court's inter-
pretations have aroused pol-
itical controversy. An
amendment to the law clari-
fies the definition of a Jew
along the lines of Halakha
but, on the other hand, sees
to it that the non-Jewish
partners, children or grand-
children of Jewish "ohm"
should not suffer any differ-
ential _treatment. The amend-
ment omits any substantive
definition of conversion, and
the question of the validity
of -a conversion has played a
tragic role in Israel's puonc

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Jeanette Caplan,
Retired Teacler

Jeanette Caplan, a. former
Detroit public school teach-
er, died Sunday.
A social studies teacher,
Miss Caplan was on the
faculty at Southwestern High
School for 27 years and was
a counselor at Mumford
High School from 1949 until
her retirement in 1964. She
was a 1922 graduate of the
University- of Michigan. She
resided at 23237 Providence,
Miss Caplan was a fo'
board member of the C W
ante Association of Metro-
politan Detroit; a member
of Temple Beth El and its
sisterhood, the National
Council of Jewish Women
and the Founders society of
the Detroit Institute of Arts.
She also was a member of
the Women's American ORT
and a board member of
Northeast Chapter of ORT.
She leaves two sisters;
Ruih . and- Lillian; and a
brother, Julian. Interment -
St. Louis, Mo.
In recognition of her role
as an active member of the
Northeast Chapter of :ORT,
contributions in her memory
are being allocated to in-
scribe her name in the Gold-
en Book of ORT in Israel.

Julian Breen, 62,
JDC Budget Chief

GENEVA (JTA) — Julian
Breen, director of the de-
partment of budget and -fi-
nance of the American Jew-
ish Joint Distribution Com-
mittee, died Sept. 15 at age
A graduate of City College,
he joined the overseas staff
of the JDC in 1947. He was
involved in arranging and
planning for the financing of
relief and rehabilitation pro-
grams for more than 300,000
Jews in Israel, Europe, the
Middle East and North Af-
Edward Ginsberg, chair-
man of the JDC, and Samuel
L. Haber, JDC vice chair-
man, said the officers and
staff of the JDC were deeply
saddened by the death of Mr.
"He was a vital force in
our overseas operation," they
said. "His absence in our
general headquarters will be
deeply felt."

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