THE JEWISH NEWS
Incorporating The Detroit Jewish Chronicle commencing with issue of July 20, 1951
Newspapers, Michigan Press Association, National Editorial Association.
Member American Association of English-Jewish
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Editor and Publisher
CARMI M. SLOMOVITZ
Sabbath Scriptural Selections
This Sabbath, the 13th day of Elul, 5734, the following scriptural selections
will be read in our synagogues:
Pentateuchal portion, Deut. 16:18-21:9. Prophetical portion, 51:12-52:12.
Candle lighting, Friday, Aug. 30, '7:52 p.m.
VOL. LXV. No. 25
August 30, 1974
U. S. Diplomatic Policies and Israel
Changing administrations seldom affect
continuity in major policies, especially the
foreign. Changes in leadership have their
effects on the country's image. They may
have an influence on the people's morale. The
nation's. needs and international involvements
have a continuity that militates above politics
or the attitudes and preferences of individuals.
It is true that changes in the State Depart-
ment often have their reactions in the people's
thinking, and in the views of foreign govern-
ments. As a rule, however, the established
policies change only minutely.
This, unquestionably, is the situation
vis-a-vis Israel, the Arabs and the Middle East.
There have been conflicts on these issues be-
tween the White House and the State Depart-
ment, and the latter has been overruled on
some occasions. But certain agreements be-
tween the Executive Department and its re-
sponsible arm for tackling issues involving
foreign governments usually resolve into co-
operative decisions with the fewest obstacles.
American-Israel friendships have been
traditional and the support this country has
given to the Jewish state is the result of an
amity between the two peoples and an area
policy that makes the Israeli friendship essen-
tial for the American position in the Middle
East. Because of these conditions, which in
no way interfere with equally valid friend-
ships with the Arab states—Israel craves and
pleads for such a friendship with the Arabs—
all the established policies have been govern-
mental not those of an individual or of indi-
This is a viewpoint consistently adhered
to in these columns—that the American-Israel
policy is that of friendship between two gov-
ernments which individuals are obligated to
pursue and to enforce; that it was not depend-
ent upon a single individual in the White
The New York Times, editorially, Aug. 16,
dealing with "Impersonal Diplomacy," an-
alyzed the American approach as follows:
In the quiet unfolding of Middle Eastern di-
plomacy, the new Ford Administration has an
immediate task of demonstrating that former Pres-
ident Nixon's personal diplomacy was not strictly
personal but rather that it embodied the strong
interests of virtually all shades of this country's
political thought in promoting a just Arab-Israeli
President Ford addressed the nations of the
Middle East directly in his speech to Congress,
stating "We shall carry out our promise to promote
continuing negotiations among all parties." This
assurance was particularly important for the Arab
world, notably for Cairo whene Richard Nixon re-
ceived such a tumultuous reception two , months
ago. Even as Watergate scandals were mounting
over the former President's head, Egyptian Presi-
dent Sadat never stinted in his praise, not only for
Secretary of State Kissinger, but for Mr. Nixon
himself. The Egyptians saw him as the personal
impetus behind the American effort to re-establish
strong links with the Arabs; as Mr. Nixon's days
grew numbered, many there feared that his down-
fall would mark the end of the American peace-
Nothing could be more unlikely, as Egyptian
Foreign Minister Ismail Fahmi must have discov-
ered during his current visit to Washington. The
Israeli Foreign Minister, Yigal AIIon, was here less
than two weeks ago, meeting then Vice President
Ford as well as Secretary Kissinger. And King
Hussein of Jordan is scheduled to be President
Ford's first state visitor later this week. All the
signs point to good prospects for maintaining the
peacemaking momentum into the next stage of
diplomacy, resumption of the Geneva conference
on the Middle East this autumn.
Special stress will be directed toward achieve-
ment of an accord between Israel and Jordan. As
recently as a month ago, the differences between
Israeli Jerusalem and Amman had seemed so for-
midable, and so complicated by the thorny Pales-
tinian question, that the most reasonable hope for
progress lay in new negotiations between Israel
and Egypt. Now, however, new hints of flexibility
in both Israel and Jordan suggest that a disengage-
ment on the West Bank of the River Jordan might
be attainable after all.
But whichever direction the diplomatic maneu-
vering takes, neither Arabs nor Israelis need fear
that this country's change of leadership means
delay in the American mediation effort. Disengage-
ment in the Middle East was one of the most
brilliant achievements of the Nixon Administration;
President Ford has no reason to change course,
and every reason to carry forward.
Nothing could be more threatening to an
international relations than dependence upon
an individual's likes or dislikes, preferences
or prejudices. Many world crises could de-
velop from such personalized sentiments. But
established practices negate them.
Israel has many debts of gratitude to for-
mer President Richard M. Nixon for his
friendly attitudes. President Gerald R. Ford
has been even more outspoken in his empha-
sis on the friendly American position in rela-
tion to Israel. Both sentimentalists must be
judged as having reacted because of the estab-
lished tradition of friendship between two
peoples, the American and the Israeli. That
is how it should be. That is how the prece-
dents have established a strong and admir-
'Business Preferred' by USSR Defenders
Adjustments to assure fair treatment for
Russian Jewry is assured by congressional
leaders and the White House in their negoti-
ations on the Jackson Amendment on the
Most Favored Nations item in the USSR trade
bill pending in the U. S. Senate.
Yet former U.S. ambassador to the Soviet
Union George Kennan has become an advo-
cate for the Kremlin with an appeal that
sounds like "business only" in dealing with
an humanitarian issue.
International law recognizes the right of
people to leave their native land if they so
choose. But Kennan and those battling for
MFN staus for. the USSR are more concerned
with business as usual and business prefer-
ences in politics. The human angle be
But the U. S. Congress still doesn't feel
that way. Therefore, the. Kennan-Kremlin
view may not succeed after all.
A. M. Klein the Idealist Poet:
Collected Works Commended
Abraham Moses Klein left an indelible mark on the present gen-
eration of Canadian Jews, and his creative efforts have enriched the
literary world. His poetic contributions and his political idealism link
his name with the most notable in liberalism.
The emminent poet A. M. Klein, who
died Aug. 20, 1972, was more devoted
to poetry than to his practice of law. He
was dedicated to Jewish causes, he was
a candidate for parliament on the Soci-
alist ticket out of a concern for the basic
rights of the less fortunate in society.
He was unquestionably the Jewish ideal-
ist who inspired his contemporaries.
These qualities become apparent in
"The Collected Poems of A. M. Klein"
which have been compiled by Miriam
Waddington, professor of English at
York University in Toronto. This volume
(McGraw Hill Ryerson Ltd.) emphasizes
the spirit that animated a poetic .genius
and is proof of the distinctions of a man
who was motivated by social needs, who
was a linguist with a love for Yiddish
and Hebrew and a knowledge of French
and Latin, all of which enriched his
A. M. Klein
Miss Waddington's illuminating introductory essay defines the
Klein poems, and delineates the man. Miss Waddington comments:
"Anyone reading Klein's work in its entirety cannot fail to notice
what he called the twinship of his thought. There seemed to be,
throughout his writing life, two main sources from which he drew
for his language and his themes—the Jewish and the Canadian.
"More than the work of any Other Canadian writer, Klein's poetry
shows how a poet's use of cultural tradition—and in Klein's case it
was two cultural traditions—moves from the general and literary
to the specific and individual, and how the cultural experience of the
group finds' expression in what is ultimately the local life and voice
of the poet. This voice, at its most personal, nevertheless includes
the most essential and representative aspects of the artist's cultur e
its history, beliefs, legends, customs and religious ethics.
Illustrative in this poetic collection is Klen's "Reb Levi Yitschok
talks to God" which commences with these verses:
Reb Levi Yitschok, crony of the Lord,
Familiar of heaven, broods these days.
His wart erupts in sighs. He will have a word
At lait, with Him of the mysterious ways.
He will go to the synagogue of Berditchev,
And there sieve out his plaints in a dolorous sieve.
Rebono shel Olam—he begins—
Who helps you count our little sins?
Whosoever it be, saving Your grace,
I would declare before his face,
He knows no ethics,
No, nor arithmetics.
For if from punishments we judge the sins,
Thy midget Hebrews, even when they snore,
Are most malefic djinns,
And wicked to the core of their heart's core;
Not so didst thou consider them,
Thy favourite sons of yore.
How long wilt thou ordain it, Lord, how long
Will Satan fill his mickle-mouth with mirth,
Beholding him free, the knave who earned the thong,
And Israel made the buttocks of the earth?
It is in this spirit that a great work, .a notable collection by one
of the most distinguished poets of this generation, is embodied in the
Waddington-edited "The Collected Poems of A. M. Klein."